Indian Geography GK Quiz-31

Indian Geography GK Quiz-31

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Mumbai receives more rainfall than Pune because

    (1) Mumbai is on the windward side
    (2) Pune is at a greater elevation
    (3) Mumbai is a coastal city
    (4) Pune has greater vegetation than Mumbai
    Answer: (1) Mumbai is on the windward side
    Pune is on the leeward side of the western ghats and so lies on a rain shadow area. The south west
    monsoon empties all moisture on the windward side of the mountain range and reaches Pune with less
    moisture after crossing the mountain range. But Mumbai lies on the windward side and hence experiences heavy rainfall.

    Question: Rajasthan reveives very little rain because—

    (1) it is too hot
    (2) there is no water available and thus the winds remain dry
    (3) the monsoon fails to reach this area
    (4) the winds do not come across any barriers to cause the necessary uplift to cool the wind
    Answer: (4) the winds do not come across any barriers to cause the necessary uplift to cool the wind
    Rainfall decreases as winds move westwards up the Ganga Plains. Rajasthan receives very little rain as it lies in the rain-shadow of the Aravali Hills. The climate of Rajasthan varies greatly throughout the state. It is very hot and dry in summer in the desert areas, where dust storms also occur, while it is very cold during the winters. To the west of the Aravali range, the weather is characterized by low rainfall with erratic distribution, extremes of diurnal and annual temperatures, low humidity and high wind velocity. While in the east of the Aravali range, the weather is characterized by relatively low wind velocity and high humidity with better rainfall.

    Question: Which of the following does not have an influence over the climate in India ?

    (1) Monsoons
    (2) Ocean currents
    (3) Nearness to equator
    (4) Presence of Indian ocean
    Answer: (2) Ocean currents
    India’s geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work in tandem to effect a culturally and economically break-all monsoonal regime. As Earth’s highest and most massive mountain range, the Himalayan system bars the influx of frigid katabatic winds from the icy Tibetan Plateau and northerly Central Asia. Most of North India is thus kept warm or is only mildly chilly or cold during winter; the same thermal dam keeps most regions in India hot in summer. Ocean current do not any role in the climate of India.

    Question: The area with annual rainfall less than 50 cm in a year is

    (1) Meghalaya
    (2) Leh in Kashmir
    (3) Coromandel coast
    (4) Konkan coast
    Answer: (2) Leh in Kashmir
    Rainfall distribution in India is uneven. Areas of Inadequate Rainfall (it implies rainfall less than 50 cm a year): There are basically two belts that receive inadequate rainfall. These belts are of small extent and some parts of these belts receive exceptionally very low rainfall. Like for instance, the Karakoram Mountains and area lying to the north of the Zanskar Himalaya range. This region is situated in the north of the Himalayas. It, therefore, receives little rainfall during the summer monsoon rainy season. Further, a little rainfall is also caused in the months of January, February and March by the westerly depressions.

    Question: Which one of the following is the wettest place in India?

    (1) Mahabaleshwar
    (2) Cherrapunji
    (3) Udhagamandalam
    (4) Mawsynram
    Answer: (4) Mawsynram
    Mawsynram is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state in north-eastern India, 65 kilometers from Shillong. It is reportedly the wettest place on Earth, with an annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres. According to the Guinness Book of World Records Mawsynram received 26,000 millimetres (1,000 in) of rainfall in 1985. Mawsynram is located about 16 km west of Cherrapunji, on the Khasi Hills.

    Question: The South West monsoon engulfs the entire India by

    (1) 5th June 
    (2) 15th June
    (3) 1st July 
    (4) 15th July
    Answer: (4) 15th July
    Derived from the Arabic word ‘mausam’, monsoon implies a seasonal reversal in wind direction. These changes lead to changes in the seasonal distribution of rainfall and temperature. Although the Andaman & Nicobar Islands receive monsoon as early as mid-May, the southwest monsoon enters the subcontinent’s mainland through the Kerala coast. The monsoon then gets divided into two parts: the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch. It normally reaches Mangalore on the west coast and Vishakhapatnam on the east coast within four days. Both the branches move to reach Mumbai and Kolkata on average between June 10 and 13. The monsoon crosses Varanasi, Ahmedabad and Bhopal by June 15. Agra has to wait for another five days and Delhi by June 29. The two branches merge over Punjab and Himachal. By mid-July the southwest monsoon engulfs the entire subcontinent.

    Question: Which one of the following coasts of India is most affected by violent tropical cyclones ?

    (1) Malabar 
    (2) Andhra
    (3) Konkan 
    (4) Gujarat
    Answer: (2) Andhra
    The frequency of severe cyclonic storms is maximum for Andhra Pradesh while that of cyclone is
    maximum for Orissa. Considering west coast only, Gujarat is most vulnerable. The average annual frequency of tropical cyclones in the north Indian Ocean (Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) is about 5 (about 5-6 % of the Global annual average) and about 80 cyclones form around the globe in a year. The frequency is more in the Bay of Bengal than in the Arabian Sea, the ratio being 4:1. 

    Question: ‘Kalbaisakhi’ is a kind of

    (1) cropping pattern
    (2) ritual practised in Kerala
    (3) cyclonic storm
    (4) None of these
    Answer: (3) cyclonic storm
    Often during early summer, dusty squalls followed by spells of thunderstorm and heavy rains lash Assam and West Bengal, bringing relief from the humid heat. These thunderstorms are convective in nature and are locally known as Kal Baisakhi or calamity of the month of Baisakh.

    Question: Which one of the following is the driest region in India?

    (1) Telengana 
    (2) Marwar
    (3) Vidarbha 
    (4) Marathwada
    Answer: (2) Marwar
    Marwar is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. It lies partly in the Thar Desert which is the driest region of India. It includes the present-day districts of Barmer, Jalore, Lakshman Nagar, Jodhpur, Nagaur, and Pali. This desert tract, nicknamed Marwar or Marusthali – the Land of Death, lives up to its name with its scorching heat, thorny cactus and scrub, and scanty water.

    Question: The period by which the entire country in India comes under southwest monsoon is

    (1) l st - l0th June
    (2) l0th - 20th June
    (3) 20th - 30th June
    (4) lst - 15th July
    Answer: (4) lst - 15th July
    The southwestern summer monsoons occur from June through September. June 1 is regarded as the date of onset of the monsoon in India, as indicated by the arrival of the monsoon in the southernmost state of Kerala. It usually arrives in Mumbai approximately 10 days later, reaches Delhi by the end of June, and covers the rest of India by mid-July.

    Question: Western disturbances cause rainfall in the following Indian states during winter

    (1) Punjab and Haryana
    (2) Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
    (3) Kerala and Karnataka
    (4) Bihar and West Bengal
    Answer: (1) Punjab and Haryana
    The term 'Western Disturbance' is used to describe an extra tropical storm, which brings winter rain and sometimes snow to the northwestern parts of the India. When the Western Disturbance moves across northwest India before the onset of monsoon, a temporary advancement of monsoon current appears over the states including Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir etc. When it passes across north India, it helps to increase monsoon activity over Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.

    Question: Which of the following two States are prone to cyclones during retreating Monsoon season?

    (1) Karnataka and Kerala
    (2) Punjab and Haryana
    (3) Bihar and Assam
    (4) Andhra Pradesh and Orissa
    Answer: (4) Andhra Pradesh and Orissa
    The retreat of the Monsoon which generally occurs between September and November brings with it another peak in cyclone origination, noted for its predilection toward violent cyclone strikes. The cyclones develop in the Bay of Bengal and move from the northeast to the southwest, causing heavy rainfall and loss of life and property in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal. Tamil Nadu receives heavy rainfall from these winds as the retreating monsoon winds are moisture laden.

    Question: Tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal are most frequent during

    (1) October–November
    (2) May–June
    (3) January–February
    (4) March–April
    Answer: (4) March–April
    They are most frequent during the summer (JuneSeptember) over the northern part of the Bay of Bengal and over Eastern parts of Arabian Sea. They are more frequent in the Bay and in Arabian Sea in the region between 6 degree North to 15 degree North during the pre-monsoon (March-May) and post-monsoon (October-November) seasons and are least frequent during the winter. 

    Question: ‘Summer Monsoons’ in India bring rainfall to

    (1) Southern-eastern tip
    (2) Western Coast
    (3) North-western India
    (4) Eastern Coast
    Answer: (2) Western Coast
    Summer monsoon (May to September) experiences South Western monsoon. The Western Ghats are the first highlands of India that the SW Monsoon winds encounter. The presence of abundant highlands like the Western Ghats and the Himalayas right across the path of the SW Monsoon winds are the main cause of the substantial orographic precipitation all over the Indian subcontinent. The Western Ghats rise very abruptly from the Western Coastal Plains of the subcontinent making effective orographic barriers for the Monsoon winds.

    Question: Which showers are favourable to the rabi crops in Punjab during winter ?

    (1) Showers caused by Jet streams
    (2) Mango showers
    (3) Showers caused by western disturbances
    (4) Kal-baisakhi
    Answer: (3) Showers caused by western disturbances
    Western Disturbance causes winter and pre monsoon season rainfall across northwest India. Winter months Rainfall has great importance in agriculture, particularly for the rabi crops. Wheat among them is one of the most important crops, which helps to meet India’s food security.

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