Indian Geography GK Quiz-32

Indian Geography GK Quiz-32

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Nagpur gets scanty rainfall because it is located with reference to Sahyadri Mountains, towards

    (1) windward side
    (2) seaward side
    (3) onshore side
    (4) leeward side
    Answer: (4) leeward side
    Nagpur falls in a rain-shadow region (leeward side of mountain) of the Sahyadri mountain range (Western Ghats). The windward side receives abundant rainfall from the moisture laden winds, while dry moisture-less winds characterize the other side. 

    Question: October and November months give more rainfall to :

    (1) Malwa Plateau
    (2) Chota Nagpur Plateau
    (3) Eastern Hills
    (4) Coromandal Coast
    Answer: (4) Coromandal Coast
    The Coromandal Coast of Tamil Nadu receives heavy rainfall from the retreating monsoon winds as the retreating winds are moisture laden. It falls in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats, and receives a good deal less rainfall during the summer southwest monsoon, which contributes heavily to rainfall in the rest of India. The region averages 800 mm/year, most of which falls between October and December.

    Question: Heavy rainfall during the months of October and November is received by

    (1) Gharo, Khasi and Jaintia hills
    (2) Chota Nagpur Plateau
    (3) Coromandel Coast
    (4) Malwa Plateau
    Answer: (3) Coromandel Coast
    The Coromandal Coast of Tamil Nadu receives heavy rainfall from the retreating monsoon winds as the retreating winds are moisture laden. It falls in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats, and receives a good deal less rainfall during the summer southwest monsoon, which contributes heavily to rainfall in the rest of India.

    Question: The burst of monsoons in the month of June brings rain to

    (1) Kerala and Karnataka
    (2) Kerala and Southern coast of Tamil Nadu
    (3) Kerala, Tamil Nadu and parts of Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
    Answer: (2) Kerala and Southern coast of Tamil Nadu
    The burst of monsoons in the month of June brings rain to Kerala and Southern coast of Tamil Nadu. 

    Question: Delhi gets winter rainfall due to

    (1) south west monsoons
    (2) north east monsoons
    (3) conventional rain
    (4) western disturbance
    Answer: (4) western disturbance
    Delhi gets winter rainfall due to western disturbance.

    Question: Which of the following is the area of lowest pressure over Indian subcontinent during the hot dry weather season ?

    (1) Rann of Kachchh
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) North-West India
    (4) Meghalaya
    Answer: (3) North-West India
    The southwestern summer monsoons occur from June through September. The Thar Desert and adjoining areas of the northern and central Indian subcontinent heats up considerably during the hot summers. This causes a low pressure area over the northern and central Indian subcontinent. To fill this void, the moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean rush in to the subcontinent.

    Question: The driest part of India is

    (1) Western Rajasthan
    (2) Jammu and Kashmir
    (3) Gujarat
    (4) Madhya Pradesh
    Answer: (1) Western Rajasthan
    Western Rajasthan is the driest region in India. Jaisalmer in western Rajasthan is the driest place
    which receives the lowest rainfall (less than 10 cm). It is due to its distance from the monsoon winds of
    the Bay of Bengal and location in the sub-tropical high pressure belt.

    Question: One of the regions that receives rainfall from the North–Easterly monsoon is :

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Assam
    (3) Kerala 
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (4) Tamil Nadu
    The period October to December is referred to as Northeast Monsoon season over peninsular India. It is the major period of rainfall activity over Tamil Nadu as it receives 48% of its annual rainfall during the Northeast monsoon season. Coastal districts of the State get nearly 60% of the annual rainfall and the interior districts get about 40-50% of the annual rainfall.

    Question: If 20% or more area of the country suffers from rain deficits during monsoon season, it is termed as

    (1) flood year
    (2) drought year
    (3) famine year
    (4) self sufficient year
    Answer: (2) drought year
    According to Indian Meteorological Department, when the rainfall deficiency for the country as a whole is more than 10% of normal and more than 20% of the country’s area is affected by drought conditions (rainfall deficit), the situation is defined as an all-India drought year.

    Question: What is the major cause of ‘October Heat’?

    (1) Hot and dry weather
    (2) Very low velocity winds
    (3) Low pressure systems over the Indo–Gangetic plains
    (4) High temperatuire associated with high humidity
    Answer: (4) High temperatuire associated with high humidity
    The months of October-November mark a period of transition from hot rainy season to cold dry winter conditions. This period is known as Retreating Monsoon or Transition season because the southwest monsoons weaken and withdraw or retreat from India. The retreat of monsoon is marked by clear skies and rise in temperature. While days are warm, nights are cool and pleasant. Owing to high temperature and high humidity, weather becomes oppressive. This phenomenon is known as ‘October heat.

    Question: Why does the west coast of India receive more rainfall from southwest monsoon than the east coast?

    (1) Unlike the east coast this coast is straight
    (2) The Western Ghats obstruct the winds causing rainfall
    (3) The east coast is broader than the west coast
    (4) The Eastern Ghats extend parallel to wind direction
    Answer: (2) The Western Ghats obstruct the winds causing rainfall
    The western side of the Western Ghats rise majestically to over 2500 meters above mean sea level to capture the Arabian sea branch of moisture laden southwest monsoon winds. The location of these mountain ranges is such that the South-West Monsoon that break over the southernmost tip of the peninsula during the last week of May, block the winds and they steadily rise against the mountain to condense rapidly and give copious rains on the western side. Consequently, the eastern side is typically known as the rain shadow region.

    Question: Though there is no single theory which can explain the origin of south west monsoon, however it is believed that the main mechanism is the differential heating of land and sea during:

    (1) Winter months
    (2) Summer months
    (3) Cyclonic storms
    (4) South-west trade wind flow
    Answer: (2) Summer months
    According to the thermal theory, during the hot subtropical summers, the massive landmass of the Indian Peninsula heats up at a different rate than the surrounding seas, resulting in a pressure gradient from south to north. This causes the flow of moisture-laden winds from sea to land. On reaching land, these winds rise because of the geographical relief, cooling adiabatically and leading to Orographic rains, better known as the southwest monsoon.

    Question: Which of the following causes rainfall during winters in the north-western part of India ?

    (1) Western disturbances
    (2) Cyclonic depression
    (3) Southwest monsoon
    (4) Retreating monsoon
    Answer: (1) Western disturbances
    A Western Disturbance is an extratropical storm originating in the Mediterranean region that brings sudden rain to the northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent during the winter season. It is a nonmonsoonal precipitation pattern driven by the westerlies. Western Disturbances are important for the development of the Rabi crop (wheat).

    Question: The Daily Weather Map of India is prepared and printed at

    (1) Kolkata 
    (2) Mumbai
    (3) New Delhi 
    (4) Pune
    Answer: (4) Pune
    Daily Weather Map of India is prepared and printed at the National Data Centre of India Meteorological Department (IMD) at Pune. Daily weather reports and daily weather maps for India in printed form are available since 1878.

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