Indian Geography GK Quiz-34

Indian Geography GK Quiz-34

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The most important uranium mine of India is located at :

    (1) Manavalakurichi
    (2) Gauribidanur
    (3) Vashi
    (4) Jaduguda
    Answer: (4) Jaduguda
    The Jaduguda Mine is a uranium mine in Jaduguda village in the Purbi Singhbhum district of the Indian state of Jharkhand. It commenced operation in 1967 and was the first uranium mine in India. The
    deposits at this main were discovered in 1951. As of March 2012 India only possesses two functional uranium mines, including the Jaduguda Mine.

    Question: Where has the Geological Survey of India located most of India’s Chromite ?

    (1) Cuttack 
    (2) Singhbhum
    (3) Manipur 
    (4) Hubli
    Answer: (1) Cuttack 
    Over 97 per cent of total recoverable reserves of chromite have been found in Odisha. Orissa is the leading producing State of chromite, accounting for 99% of the total production. Production of chromite in Karnataka, Maharashtra accounts for the remaining 1% production. Chromite deposits of Sukinda and Nausahi ultramafic belt of Orissa constitutes 95% of the country’s chromite resources. Here chromite occurs as concentration and disseminations in the ultramafic rocks, in the form of lenses, pockets, thin seams and stringers. Sukinda, Sarubali and Sukrangi are all located in Cuttack district.

    Question: Which State in India is estimated to have the largest coal reserves in India?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Bihar (including the newly created Jharkhand)
    (3) Madhya Pradesh (including the newly created Ch-hattisgarh)
    (4) Orissa
    Answer: (2) Bihar (including the newly created Jharkhand)
    India has some of the largest reserves of coal in the world (approx. 267 billion tonnes). The energy derived from coal in India is about twice that of energy derived from oil, whereas worldwide, energy derived from coal is about 30% less than energy derived from oil. India has some of the largest coal reserves in the world (approx. ... Most of these are in the states of Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, etc. Jharkhand the largest coal reserves in India. As per the Coal ministry, Jharkhand has proven reserves of 39,480,000 tonnes and indicated and inferred reserves amounting to another 37,232,000 tonnes, taking the total to 76,712,000 tonnes. It is followed by Orissa with a total of 65,227 tonnes reserves.

    Question: Which State of India has the largest reserves of monazite, with a high thorium content ?

    (1) Kerala 
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Gujarat 
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer: (1) Kerala 
    Monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare earth metals. It occurs usually in small isolated crystals. Monazite is an important ore for thorium, lanthanum, and cerium. It is often found in placer deposits. The deposits in India are particularly rich in monazite. The DAE expects to gather at least a million tonnes of thorium from the beaches of Kerala and Orissa, which hold 70 per cent-plus of India’s estimated monazite reserve of 18 million tonnes.

    Question: Which State in India is the leading producer of Sulphur?

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Punjab 
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (2) Maharashtra
    Sulphur is a non-metallic chemical element identified by the letter S. For a list of sulphur’s chemical properties, please click here. Sulphur is a valuable commodity and integral component of the world economy used to manufacture numerous products including fertilizers and other chemicals. Maharashtra is the leading producer of sulphur in India.

    Question: Singhbhum is famous for

    (1) Coal 
    (2) Iron
    (3) Copper 
    (4) Aluminium
    Answer: (2) Iron
    Singhbhum was sometime a large district in the present-day Indian state of Bihar. Chaibasa was the district headquarters of the erstwhile Singhbhum district. Singhbhum is known for its iron ore deposits and it provides for the iron ore requirements of the IISCO steel plants located at Hirapur, Kulti and Burnpur.

    Question: Which one of the following States produces the maximum manganese in India ?

    (1) Madhya Pradesh
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Uttar Pradesh
    (4) Orissa
    Answer: (4) Orissa
    The metallic manganese on earth is rated as the 12th most abundant element in the lithosphere, estimated around 28.46 ×1018 tonnes or so i.e., 0.1087% by proportion of weight. Thus it almost becomes a scarce one, so far as its deposits are concerned. Industrially manganese metal is a vital component of steel and its major use is for metallurgical purpose. The 96% of global production of manganese today is from barely 7 countries viz. CIS, RSA, Brazil, Gabon, Australia, China and India in decreasing order of tonnages raised annually. Orissa occupies second place in terms of reserves and first place in respect of manganese production in the country. In Orissa bulk of the manganese ore production comes from Keonjhar, Sundargarh, Koraput. Kalahandi and Bolangir districts, where it is associated with quartzite, garnet and schist. 

    Question: Gujarat is the largest producer of salt in India because

    (1) It has extensive dry coast
    (2) Its coastal waters are very saline
    (3) It has extensive shallow seas
    (4) Besides producing salt from saline water, it has reserves of rock salt
    Answer: (1) It has extensive dry coast
    Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan are surplus Salt producing States accounting for about 96 per
    cent of the country’s production. Gujarat contributes 76 per cent to the total production, followed by
    Tamil Nadu (12 %) and Rajasthan (8%). The rest 4% production comes from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Diu & Daman. The main sources of salt in India are sea brine, lake brine, sub-soil brine and rock salt deposits. Sea water is an inexhaustible source of salt. Gujarat is blessed with the longest coastline of 1600 km. in India, offering important resources such as salt and marine products for industry. Close to 60% of this is produced in Little Rann of Kutch. Little Rann of Kutch is a 5183 land mass having dual characteristics of saline desert and wetland.

    Question: Which of the following statements is correct ?

    (1) Natural gas is found in Dharwar rock formation
    (2) Mica is found in Kodarma
    (3) Cuddapah series is famous for diamonds
    (4) Petroleum reserves are found in Aravali hills
    Answer: (2) Mica is found in Kodarma
    The British Geological Survey reported that as of 2005, Kodarma district in Jharkhand state in India had the largest deposits of mica in the world. China was the top producer of mica with almost a third of the global share, closely followed by the US, South Korea and Canada.

    Question: Jadugoda mines are famous for

    (1) iron ore
    (2) mica deposits
    (3) gold deposits
    (4) uranium deposits
    Answer: (4) uranium deposits
    The Jaduguda Mine is a uranium mine in Jaduguda village in the Purbi Singhbhum district of the Indian state of Jharkhand. It commenced operation in 1967 and was the first uranium mine in India. The
    deposits at this main were discovered in 1951. As of March 2012 India only possesses two functional uranium mines, including the Jaduguda Mine.

    Question: Which of the following produces maximum crude petroleum in India at present?

    (1) Assam
    (2) Gujarat
    (3) Off-shore Bombay High
    (4) Coastal Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (3) Off-shore Bombay High
    India has around 5.4 billion barrels of oil reserves with it and the domestic production has increased in the recent past to reach the 0.8 million barrels per day mark. Mumbai high is the largest oil-producing oilfield in India with a production of 2.6 lakh barrels per day. Bombay High is an offshore oilfield 160 kilometres (99 mi) off the coast of Mumbai, India. The oil operations are run by India’s Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC). As of 2004, it supplied 14% of India’s oil requirement and accounted for about 38% of all domestic production.

    Question: India is one of the largest producers of manganese ore in the world along with

    (1) China and Russia
    (2) Brazil and Russia
    (3) Australia and U.S.A.
    (4) South Africa and U.S.A.
    Answer: (2) Brazil and Russia
    About 80% of the known world manganese resources are found in South Africa; other important
    manganese deposits are in Ukraine, Australia, India, China, Gabon and Brazil. The 96% of global production of manganese today is from barely 7 countries viz. CIS, RSA, Brazil, Gabon, Australia, China and India in decreasing order of tonnages raised annually. The global resource base is close to 12 billion tonnes including Indian reserve of about 240 million tonnes. Indian manganese ores are preferred by many as they are generally hard, lumpy and amenable to easy reduction. In the Indian continent, the deposition of manganese must have taken place in varying environmental settings and by different geological processes but the sedimentary mode of formation far outweighed other methods such as supergene enrichment etc.

    Question: Which State possesses biggest coal reserve ?

    (1) Bihar
    (2) Jharkhand
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Orissa
    Answer: (2) Jharkhand
    The state of Jharkhand in northeast India has been the epicenter of India’s coal mining industry for the past 100 years. The state accounts for 29 percent of India’s coal reserves. It has reserves of over
    72,000 million tons of coal and approximately 80 million tons are extracted each year. 

    Question: In the world, India tops in the production of

    (1) Nickel 
    (2) Uranium
    (3) Mica 
    (4) Manganese
    Answer: (3) Mica 
    Mica is produced in huge proportion in India. In fact, India is one of the leading suppliers of mica to the world. India alone accounts for a major portion of the world‘s export of block mica and mica splitting. India produces approximate 90 % of the world‘s mica. It is an indispensable component of the electrical industry. India accounts for 60 % of mica embarking in international trade.

    Question: Tummalapalle, where huge reserves of uranium have been found, as announced by the Atomic Energy Commission in July, 2011, lies in the state of

    (1) Jharkhand
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Gujarat
    Answer: (2) Andhra Pradesh
    The Tummalapalle Mine is a uranium mine in Tumalapalli village located in Kadapa of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Tummalapalle in Andhra Pradesh could have one of the largest uranium reserves in the world. Recent studies have indicated that it could have a reserve of 1.5 lakh tonnes of the scarce material. 

    Question: The Gondwana Coal fields are found in

    (1) Madhya Pradesh
    (2) West Bengal
    (3) Assam
    (4) Jammu & Kashmir
    Answer: (1) Madhya Pradesh
    Almost all of India's coal reserves are of Gondwana coal. The Gondwana coal is said to be 250 million years old and includes mainly coking, non-coking and bituminous coal. The Gondwana coalfields extend from Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha to Madhya Pradesh.

    Question: Iron ore from Kudremukh mines is exported from

    (1) Marmugao 
    (2) Cochin
    (3) Mangalore 
    (4) Chennai
    Answer: (3) Mangalore 
    Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd (KIOCL) has iron ore mines in Kudremukh (Chikkamagaluru district) on the Western Ghats and a pelletisation plant in Mangalore. The actual mining takes place at Western Ghats at a place called Kudremukh. The mined ore is transported through pipelines running through districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada up to the plant in Panambur, adjacent to the premises of New Mangalore Port in Mangalore.

    Question: The oldest oil–field in India is in

    (1) Haldia 
    (2) Bombay High
    (3) Neyveli 
    (4) Digboi
    Answer: (4) Digboi
    Digboi is a town and a town area committee in Tinsukia district in the north-eastern part of the state of Assam. Today, though the crude production is not high, Digboi has the distinction of being India's oldest continuously producing oilfield. Digboi refinery, now a division of Indian Oil Corporation, is the world's oldest oil refinery still in operation.

    Question: “Ankleshwar’ is known for

    (1) Gold 
    (2) Coal
    (3) Gas 
    (4) Oil
    Answer: (4) Oil
    Ankleshwar, is a city and a municipality in the Bharuch district of the state of Gujarat. The city is known for oil and has an office of the ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited). Besides, it is also known for chemical plants, producing products such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and paints.

    Question: Which of the following regions in India is the richest in iron and coal deposits?

    (1) The Southern region
    (2) Chota Nagpur Plateau
    (3) Himalayan region
    (4) Thar desert
    Answer: (2) Chota Nagpur Plateau
    The Chhota Nagpur Plateau is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. The plateau is a store house of minerals like mica, bauxite, copper, limestone, iron ore and coal. The Damodar valley is rich in coal and it is considered as the prime centre of coking coal in the country.

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