Indian Geography GK Quiz-36

Indian Geography GK Quiz-36

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: When was the first National Forest Policy issued by the Government of India ?

    (1) 1952 
    (2) 1940
    (3) 1942 
    (4) 1999
    Answer: (1) 1952 
    India is one of the very few countries of the world where forest policy is in operation since 1894; in 1952 and 1988 revisions were made in this forest policy. The National Forest Polity of 1952 recommended that the country should aim at coverage of one-third of the total land area under forests (60% in mountainous area and 25% in the plains). It has suggested the extension of tree lands on river/canal banks and in such areas which are not suitable for cultivation.

    Question: Namdhapa National Park is in

    (1) Mizoram 
    (2) Manipur
    (3) Tripura
    (4) Arunachal Pradesh
    Answer: (4) Arunachal Pradesh
    Namdhapa National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and is located in Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. It is also the largest national park in India in terms of area. It is located in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The park harbours the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude.

    Question: The forest in Sunderban is called

    (1) Scrub jungle
    (2) Mangrove
    (3) Deciduous forest
    (4) Tundra
    Answer: (2) Mangrove
    The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sundarbans Mangroves eco-region on the coast forms the seaward fringe of the delta and is the world’s largest mangrove ecosystem, with 20,400 square kilometers. The dominant mangrove species Heritiera fomes is locally known as sundri or sundari. Mangrove forests are not home to a great variety of plants.

    Question: Which of the following is called the “ecological hot spot of India”?

    (1) Western Ghats
    (2) Eastern Ghats
    (3) Western Himalayas
    (4) Eastern Himalayas
    Answer: (1) Western Ghats
    A biodiversity hotspot is a region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans. More like rolling hills than snow-covered mountains, the Western Ghats - stretching some 1,600 km from the north of Mumbai to the southern tip of India - are a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country’s plant and animal species; many of which are only found here and nowhere else in the world. In the northern part of the range, about one-third of the plants, almost half the reptiles, and more than three-fourths of the amphibians known in India are found in this narrow strip of rainforest just off the west coast. The forests in the southwestern Ghats are even richer, hosting the country’s largest population of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) as well as Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris), lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus), sloth bears (Ursus ursinus), nilgiri
    tahrs (Hemitragus hylocrius) and much more.

    Question: Manas Sanctuary in Assam is known for

    (1) elephants 
    (2) bears
    (3) tigers 
    (4) wild ass
    Answer: (1) elephants 
    Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a Wildlife Sanctuary, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam, India. ocated in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog. Manas is famous for its population of the Wild water buffalo.

    Question: Which one of the following is the first National Park of India ?

    (1) Corbett National Park
    (2) Bandipur National Park
    (3) Kanha National Park
    (4) Sariska
    Answer: (1) Corbett National Park
    Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. The park—named for the hunter and conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment—was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park.

    Question: The common tree species in Nilgiri hills is

    (1) Sal 
    (2) Pine
    (3) Eucalyptus 
    (4) Teak
    Answer: (3) Eucalyptus 
    Nilgiri mountains are a range of mountains with at least 24 peaks above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu state at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala states in Southern India. They are part of the larger Western Ghats mountain chain making up the southwestern edge of the Deccan Plateau. Eucalyptus is common. Much of the Nilgiris natural Montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas has been much disturbed or destroyed by extensive tea plantations, easy motor vehicle access and extensive commercial planting and harvesting of non-native eucalyptus and wattle plantations.

    Question: What is approximately the percentage of forest cover in India?

    (1) 10% 
    (2) 8.5%
    (3) 25% 
    (4) 19.5%
    Answer:
    The Forest area (% of land area) in India was last reported at 23.02 per cent in 2010, according to a World Bank report published in 2012. Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production
    systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and
    gardens.

    Question: Which of the following is correctly matched?

    Wildlife Sancturay State
    (1) Bandipur — Tamil Nadu
    (2) Manas — Uttar Pradesh
    (3) Ranthambhore — Rajasthan
    (4) Simlipal — Bihar
    Answer: (3) Ranthambhore — Rajasthan
    Bandipur: Karnataka; Manas: Assam; Ranthambhore: Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan; and Simlipal: in the Mayurbhanj district in Odisha. 

    Question: Lion is conserved at

    (1) Kaziranga Sanctuary
    (2) Gir Sanctuary
    (3) Corbett National Park
    (4) Manas Sanctuary
    Answer: (2) Gir Sanctuary
    The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a forest and wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat, is the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. Established in 1965, the park is located to the south-east of Junagadh and to south west of Amreli.

    Question: Which one of the following regions of India is associated with pine forests?

    (1) Rohikhand
    (2) Bundelkhand
    (3) Jharkhand
    (4) Uttarakhand
    Answer: (4) Uttarakhand
    The Himalayan subtropical pine forests are a large subtropical coniferous forest eco-region covering portions of Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. This huge pine forest stretches for 3000 km across the lower elevations of the great Himalaya range for almost its entire length including parts of Pakistan's Punjab Province in the west through Azad Kashmir, the northern Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim, Nepal and Bhutan.

    Question: In India, where is the bio–reserve to preserve the diverse sub–marine flora and fauna situated ?

    (1) Lakshadweep
    (2) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    (3) Daman and Diu
    (4) Dadra, Nagar Haveli
    Answer: (2) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve encompasses a large part of the island of Great Nicobar, the largest of the Nicobar Islands in the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It incorporates two National parks of India, which were gazetted in 1992: the larger Campbell Bay National Park on the northern part of the island, and Galathea National Park in the southern interior. The reserve is home to many species of plants and animals, often endemic to the Andaman and Nicobars bio-geographic region.

    Question: The wild ass is found in

    (1) Kachchh
    (2) Assam
    (3) Jammu and Kashmir
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (1) Kachchh
    Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary also known as the Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Little Rann of Kutch in the Gujarat state of India. It is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India. It was established in 1972 and came under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1973.

    Question: The first biosphere reserve that was set up in India in 1986 is

    (1) Nanda Devi 
    (2)Nilgiris
    (3) Nokrek 
    (4) Manas
    Answer: (2)Nilgiris
    Established in the year 1986, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is the first biosphere reserve in India. It is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats. Other early biosphere reserves of India:
    Nokrek and Nandadevi in 1988; and Great Nicobar, Manas, Sunderbans and Gulf of Mannar in 1989.

    Question: There is a need to keep larger area under forests for

    (1) absorption of carbon dioxide
    (2) protecting wild-life
    (3) raising precipitation
    (4) ecological balance
    Answer: (4) ecological balance
    Ecological balance has been defined by various online dictionaries as "a state of dynamic equilibrium within a community of organisms in which genetic, species and ecosystem diversity remain relatively stable, subject to gradual changes through natural succession." Afforestation is the transformation of wasteland into the forest or the woodland. It restores ecological balance of all ecosystems and maintains biological diversity.

    Question: Which wild life sanctuary has the project to conserve the rhinos in India?

    (1) Bandipur 
    (2) Periyar
    (3) Kaziranga 
    (4) Gir
    Answer: (3) Kaziranga 
    Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. A World Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses.

    Question: Which are the States in which the Agasthyamala biosphere is spread?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh – Karnataka
    (2) Tamil Nadu – Karnataka
    (3) Maharashtra–Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Kerala – Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (4) Kerala – Tamil Nadu
    The Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve (ABR) was established in 2001 and includes 3,500.36 square km of which 1828 km² is in Kerala and 1672.36 km² is in Tamil Nadu. It straddles the border of Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram Districts in Kerala and Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari Districts in Tamil Nadu, South India at the southern end of the Western Ghats.

    Question: Where was the first Bio-reserve established in India ?

    (1) Nokrek 
    (2) Kanha
    (3) Nilgiris 
    (4) Periyar
    Answer: (3) Nilgiris 
    Established in the year 1986, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is the first biosphere reserve in India. It is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats.

    Question: In which state is the Kanger Ghati National Park ?

    (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Uttar Pradesh
    (4) Chhatisgarh
    Answer: (4) Chhatisgarh
    The Kanger Ghati National Park, near Jagdalpur, in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh is one of the most beautiful and densest National Park, well known for its Biodiversity with picturesque landscape, magnificent waterfalls, and very famous subterranean geomorphologic limestone caves.

    Question: In which State is the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary located ?

    (1) Orissa 
    (2) Haryana
    (3) Uttar Pradesh 
    (4) Rajasthan
    Answer: (2) Haryana
    Sultanpur National Park is located at Sultanpur, Haryana in Gurgaon District, Haryana. As a bird sanctuary it was the finding of Peter Jackson, famous ornothologist, and Honorary Secretary of the Delhi Birdwatching Society, who wrote to Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, founder of the Society, in 1970 about the need to declare the Sultanpur jheel near Delhi, a bird sanctuary, and she asked him to take her there.

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