Indian Geography GK Quiz-37

Indian Geography GK Quiz-37

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: An area legally reserved for wild life in its natural surroundings is

    (1) Biosphere Reserve
    (2) Sanctuary
    (3) Social Forests
    (4) National Park
    Answer: (2) Sanctuary
    A wildlife sanctuary is an protected area that is reserved for the conservation only of wildlife, animals and plant species. Human activities like harvesting of timber, collection of minor forest products are allowed.

    Question: Which one was the first ‘Biosphere Reserves’ Project Scheme ?

    (1) Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve
    (2) Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve
    (3) Nandadevi Biosphere Reserve
    (4) Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
    Answer: (2) Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve
    Established in the year 1986, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is the first biosphere reserve in India. It is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats.

    Question: Shivpuri National Park of Madhya Pradesh is important for :

    (1) Tiger and Elephant
    (2) Wild Buffalo
    (3) Birds
    (4) Leopard and Chital
    Answer: (4) Leopard and Chital
    The predominant wild animal species that inhabits the Park is the deer, of which the most easily
    sighted are the graceful little chinkara or Indian gazelle, and the chital. Other species that have their
    habitat in the park are nilgai, sambar, chausingha or four-horned antelope, blackbuck, sloth bear, leopard and the common langur..

    Question: ‘Van Mahotsav’ is associated with :

    (1) Cutting trees
    (2) Planting trees
    (3) Increase in crop
    (4) Protection of plants
    Answer: (4) Protection of plants
    Van Mahotsav is an annual tree-planting festival in India, celebrated in the first week of July. This movement was initiated in the year 1950 by India's then Union Minister for Agriculture, Kulapati Dr.K M Munshi.

    Question: Which one of the following is a Wild Life Sanctuary ?

    (1) Jaldapara 
    (2) Garumara
    (3) Corbett 
    (4) Chapramari
    Answer: (3) Corbett 
    Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. It is situated in Nainital district of
    Uttarakhand. The park acts as a protected area for the endangered Bengal tiger of India.

    Question: ‘National Botanical Garden’ is located at :

    (1) Shimla 
    (2) Kolkata
    (3) Lucknow 
    (4) Bengaluru
    Answer: (2) Kolkata
    The Botanical Garden of India is located at Shibpur in Kolkata in West Bengal. The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden or Calcutta Botanical Garden (previously known as Indian Botanic Garden) is the largest and oldest reserve of greeneries of its kind in South East Asia. The Garden is situated on the West bank of River Hooghly.

    Question: Which is the best-known-bird sanctuary in Haryana?

    (1) Sultanpur 
    (2) Bharatpur
    (3) Rajaji 
    (4) Sariska
    Answer: (1) Sultanpur 
    Sultanpur National Park is a famous bird sanctuary in Haryana. Every year over a hundred migratory bird species visit here to feed. The park is a popular picnic spot for residents of New Delhi and the NCR (National Capital Region), especially during the winter migration months.

    Question: Afforestation is the process of

    (1) clearing forests
    (2) planting more trees
    (3) cutting down trees
    (4) collecting forest resources
    Answer: (2) planting more trees
    Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees in an area where there was no forest. Many governments and non-governmental organizations directly engage in programs of afforestation to create forests, increase carbon capture and sequestration, and help to anthropogenically improve biodiversity.

    Question: Mudumalai Sanctuary is famous for

    (1) Tigers 
    (2) Bisons
    (3) Birds 
    (4) Elephants
    Answer: (1) Tigers 
    The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, now also declared a Tiger Reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills, in Nilgiri District, about 150 km north-west of Coimbatore city in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu, on the interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala states in South India. The sanctuary is a haven for Bengal Tigers and Indian Leopards and other threatened species.

    Question: Kaziranga National Park is situated in

    (1) Karnataka 
    (2) Gujarat
    (3) Assam 
    (4) Odisha
    Answer: (3) Assam 
    Kaziranga National Park is situated in Assam. It was declared World Heritage Site in 1985.

    Question: The typical natural vegetation above 3600 metres on the Himalaya is

    (1) alpine grassland
    (2) alpine forests
    (3) coniferous forests
    (4) subtropical pine forests
    Answer: (1) alpine grassland
    The typical natural vegetation above 3600 metres on the Himalayas is Alpine grassland. Important trees are silver fur, Pine birch etc.

    Question: Which of the following cities in India is considered greenest ?

    (1) Bengaluru
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Chandigarh
    (4) Thiruvananthapuram
    Answer: (3) Chandigarh
    Chandigarh is considered the greenest city of India.

    Question: The largest tiger reserve in India is

    (1) Pench 
    (2) Manas
    (3) Nagarjun 
    (4) Corbett
    Answer: (3) Nagarjun 
    The largest tiger reserve in India is Nagarjun.

    Question: The increased incidence of floods in recent times in North India is due to

    (1) increase in the annual rainfall.
    (2) increase in the silting of dams.
    (3) increased deforestation in the catchment area.
    (4) None of these
    Answer: (3) increased deforestation in the catchment area.
    The frequency and severity of flooding in the Gangetic plain has steadily increased in recent years. Deforestation of the Terai appears to be one of the major causes.

    Question: The Keibul Lamjao, the only floating National Park in the world is in

    (1) Manipur 
    (2) Mizoram
    (3) Assam 
    (4) Meghalaya
    Answer: (1) Manipur 
    The Keibul Lamjao National Park is a national park in the Bishnupur district of Manipur. It is an integral part of Loktak Lake.

    Question: Jim Corbett National Park is situated in

    (1) Uttarakhand
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer: (1) Uttarakhand
    Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. It is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment.

    Question: Kanchenzunga National Park is located at

    (1) Uttar Pradesh
    (2) West Bengal
    (3) Sikkim
    (4) Jammu and Kashmir
    Answer: (3) Sikkim
    Kanchenjunga National Park is located in Sikkim. The park gets its name from the mountain Kanchenjunga which is 8,586 metres tall, the third-highest peak in the world. The park is known for animals like musk deer, snow leopard and Himalayan Tahr.

    Question: Biosphere Reserve of India Nanda Devi (UNESCO) is located in the state of

    (1) Uttarakhand
    (2) Sikkim
    (3) Meghalaya
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer: (1) Uttarakhand
    The Nanda Devi National Park (Biosphere Reserve) is situated around the peak of Nanda Devi, in Uttarakhand. It was established in 1982. Along with the adjoining Valley of Flowers National Park, it was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988.

    Question: How much of India’s total geographical area is forest land ?

    (1) 20% 
    (2) 23%
    (3) 26% 
    (4) 28%
    Answer: (2) 23%
    Forest area (% of land area) in India was last measured at 23.07% in 2011, according to the World Bank. Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems.

    Question: Which of the following is the largest Biosphere Reserves of India ?

    (1) Nilgiri
    (2) Nandadevi
    (3) Sundarbans
    (4) Gulf of Mannar
    Answer: (4) Gulf of Mannar
    The Gulf of Mannar located in Tamil Nadu is one of South Asia’s largest biosphere reserves. It extends from Rameswaram Island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. It is spread over an area of 10,500 km2. The area of other biosphere reserves (in km2) is as follows: Sundarbans: 9630; Nilgiri: 5520; Nandadevi: 5860.

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