Indian Geography GK Quiz-38

Indian Geography GK Quiz-38

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Movement of people from a village to a small town and later to a city is known as :

    (1) intra–state migration
    (2) step–wise migration
    (3) inter–state migration
    (4) forced migration
    Answer: (2) step–wise migration
    Step wise migration refers to a type of migration which occurs in a series of movements, for example, moving to a town larger than the home town, but not directly to one of the city regions. It is an important subcomponent of the urbanward drift of people.

    Question: Project Tiger was introduced in:

    (1) 2001 
    (2) 1973
    (3) 1984 
    (4) 1995
    Answer: (2) 1973
    Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s tenure. The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats and also to protect them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the tiger’s distribution in the country.

    Question: The first Bio-sphere Reserve in India has been established in :

    (1) Kanha 
    (2) Nilgiri
    (3) Nanda Devi 
    (4) Hazaribagh
    Answer: (2) Nilgiri
    Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, established in 1986, is India's first and foremost biosphere reserve. It is situated in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of South India. The reserve encompasses 5,520 km² in the states of Tamil Nadu (2537.6 km²), Karnataka (1527.4 km²) and Kerala (1455.4 km²). It forms an almost complete ring around the Nilgiri Plateau.

    Question: Which of the following species are critically endangered?

    (1) Gangetic Dolphin
    (2) Forest Owlet
    (3) White bellied heron
    (4) The gyps Vulture
    Answer: (2) Forest Owlet
    The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change lists Forest Owlet (Heteroglaux blewitti) as one of the “critically endangered species” of India under the bird category. It is found in dry deciduous forest of South Madhya Pradesh, in northwest Maharashtra and north-central Maharashtra. It has been endangered due to logging operations, burning and cutting of trees.

    Question: Kanha National Park is located in :

    (1) Bihar
    (2) Madhya Pradesh
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Tmil Nadu
    Answer: (2) Madhya Pradesh
    Kanha National Park is the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh. Also known as Kanha Tiger Reserve, it is one of the tiger reserves of India. It was created on 1 June 1955. Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel “Jungle Book.”

    Question: Project tiger programme was launched in:

    (1) 1975 
    (2) 1973
    (3) 1994 
    (4) 1971
    Answer: (2) 1973
    Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India. The aim of the project was to control as well as supplement the dwindling population of the Royal Bengal tigers in the country. Project Tiger is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.

    Question: Garampani Sanctuary is located at

    (1) Diphu, Assam
    (2) Gangtok, Sikkim
    (3) Kohima, Nagaland
    (4) Junagarh, Gujarat
    Answer: (1) Diphu, Assam
    Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Karbi Anglong district, Assam. It is located at 92 km from Diphu. It is one of the oldest sanctuaries containing hot water spring and waterfalls and surrounded by Nambor Sanctuary having 51 rare species of orchid.

    Question: Which one of the following areas of India is covered by tropical evergreen forest?

    (1) Semiarid areas of Gujarat
    (2) Eastern Ghats
    (3) Western Ghats
    (4) Madhya Pradesh
    Answer: (3) Western Ghats
    In India, evergreen forests are found in the western slopes of the Western Ghats in states such as
    Kerala and Karnataka. Tropical evergreen forests (or tropical rain forests) are usually found in areas receiving more than 2000 mm of rainfall and having a monthly mean temperature of 18 °C or higher in the coldest months. The Western Ghats is one of the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspots.”

    Question: The largest wildlife sanctuary in India is famous for which of the following animal ?

    (1) Wild Indian Ass
    (2) Rhinoceros
    (3) Apes
    (4) Tigers
    Answer: (1) Wild Indian Ass
    The Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, located in the Little Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India with a geographical spread of 4954 km2. It is known for the endangered wild ass subspecies Indian Wild Ass (Khur).

    Question: Sariska and Ranthambore are the reserves for which of the following

    (1) Lion 
    (2) Deer
    (3) Tiger 
    (4) Bear
    Answer: (3) Tiger 
    Ranthambore National Park near Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan is a former royal hunting ground and home to tigers. Similarly, Sariska Tiger Reserve is an Indian national park in the Alwar district of Rajasthan that is known for the Bengal tiger.

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