Indian Geography GK Quiz-39

Indian Geography GK Quiz-39

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which of the following region in India is now regarded as an “Ecological Hot Spot” ?

    (1) Western Himalayas
    (2) Eastern Himalayas
    (3) Western Ghats
    (4) Eastern Ghats
    Answer: (3) Western Ghats
    Western Ghats is regarded as one of the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspots”. It has over 7,402 species of flowering plants, 1,814 species of nonflowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species, 6,000 insects species and 290 freshwater fish species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats.

    Question: First national park of India that was established in 1936 was named as

    (1) Kanha National Park
    (2) Bharatpur National Park
    (3) Hailey National Park
    (4) Rajaji National Park
    Answer: (3) Hailey National Park
    India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. It is now known as Jim Corbett National Park. It is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett, a British-Indian hunter and tracker-turned-conservationist, who played a key role in its establishment.

    Question: The natural habitat of Rhinoceros in India is

    (1) Bharatpur 
    (2) Gir forest
    (3) Khaziranga
    (4) Nilgiris
    Answer: (3) Khaziranga
    Kaziranga National Park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam form the natural habitat of rhinoceros in India. The sanctuary hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. Kaziranga is also home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world.

    Question: Bandhavgarh National Park is located in which State?

    (1) Maharashtra
    (2) Madhya Pradesh
    (3) Gujarat 
    (4) Jharkhand
    Answer: (2) Madhya Pradesh
    Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the popular national parks in India located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh. Known for high density of tigers, Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968. The park derives its name from the most prominent hillock of the area, which was said to be given by Hindu Lord Rama to Lakshmana to keep a watch on Lanka.

    Question: Which sanctuary in India is famous for Rhinoceros and in which state is it located?

    (1) Gir, Gujarat
    (2) Kaziranga, Assam
    (3) Ranthambore, Rajasthan
    (4) Corbett, Uttarakhand
    Answer: (2) Kaziranga, Assam
    Kaziranga National Park, located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam, has the distinction of being home to the world’s largest population of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros. It also boasts the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world.

    Question: Which one of the following bio reserves of India is not included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserve?

    (1) Sunderbans
    (2) Gulf of Mannar
    (3) Nandadevi
    (4) Corbett
    Answer: (4) Corbett
    Ten of the eighteen biosphere reserves of India are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list. Some of them are: Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (Uttarakhand), Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve (Tamil Nadu) and Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve (West Bengal).

    Question: In India, the Temperate Forest Research Centre is in which city?

    (1) Shimla 
    (2) Ranchi
    (3) Dehradun 
    (4) Srinagar
    Answer: (1) Shimla 
    The Temperate Forest Research Centre is located at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. It is aimed at the regeneration of temperate forest, afforestation of cold deserts and forest conservation and ecological rehabilitation in the Himalayan region. It presently caters to the applicable research needs of Himachal Pradesh as well as Jammu and Kashmir.

    Question: Nagarhole National Park is part of the ________ Biosphere Reserve.

    (1) Aravalli 
    (2) Vindhya
    (3) Satpura 
    (4) Nilgiricurve
    Answer: (4) Nilgiricurve
    Nagarhole National Park, also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park, is a national park located in Kodagu and Mysore districts of Karnataka. It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The park ranges the foothills of the Western Ghats spreading down the Brahmagiri hills and south towards Kerala.

    Question: Where is the Forest Research Institute of India located ?

    (1) Dehradun 
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Lucknow 
    (4) Bhopal
    Answer: (1) Dehradun 
    The Forest Research Institute (FRI)is located at Dehradun in Uttarakhand. Founded as the Imperial Forest Research Institute in 1906, it is one of the oldest institutions of its kind. It is an institute of the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education and is a premier institution in the field of forestry research in India.

    Question: The percentage of India’s forested land out of total land is

    (1) 30% 
    (2) 25%
    (3) less than 25% 
    (4) 33%
    Answer: (3) less than 25% 
    According to the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015, the total forest cover as percentage of geographical area is 21.34 per cent. Total tree cover as percentage of geographical area is 2.82 per cent. The total forest and tree cover is 79.42 million hectares, which is 24.16 percent of the total geographical area.

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