Indian Geography GK Quiz-4

Indian Geography GK Quiz-4

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The Thar Express goes to

    (1) Afghanistan 
    (2) Bangladesh
    (3) Pakistan 
    (4) Myanmar
    Answer: (3) Pakistan 
    Thar Express is an international train that connects Karachi, Pakistan to Bhagat Ki Kothi, India.
    Six kilometres apart, Munabao and Khokhrapar are the two last railway stations of the India-Pakistan
    border. Jamrao, Mirpur Khas, Shadi Pali, Saeendad, Barmer, Pithoro, Dhoro Naro, and Chhore are some
    of the stations. Bhagat ki Kothi is a train station 5km from Jodhpur Railway Station.

    Question: Kanchenjunga is situated in

    (1) Nepal
    (2) Sikkim
    (3) West Bengal
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer: (2) Sikkim
    Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, with an elevation of 8,586 m and located along the India-Nepal border in the Himalayas. Kanchenjunga is also the name of the surrounding section of the Himalayas and means “The Five Treasures of Snows”, as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 m. The treasures represent the five repositories of God, which are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. Three of the five peaks – main, central, and south – are on the border of North Sikkim in India and Taplejung District of Nepal, while the other two are completely in Taplejung District.

    Question: Which one of the following is a coastal district in Kerala?

    (1) Palghat 
    (2) Wayanad
    (3) Kovallam 
    (4) Idukki
    Answer: (3) Kovallam 
    Kovalam is a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Thiruvananthapuram city, Kerala. Kovalam has three beaches separated by rocky outcroppings in its 17 km coastline; the three together form the famous crescent of the Kovalam beach.

    Question: In the north-east of the Deccan plateau is the—

    (1) Chhota Nagpur plateau
    (2) Malawa plateau
    (3) Deccan plateau
    (4) Vindhyan Range
    Answer: (1) Chhota Nagpur plateau
    The Deccan is delineated by the Western Ghats on the west, the Nilgiri Hills on the south, the Eastern Ghats on the east, and the Aravalli and Chhota Nagpur hills on the north. The Chhota Nagpur Plateau is a plateau in eastern India, to the northeast of the Deccan plateau which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.

    Question: The southern tip of India is

    (1) Cape Comorin
    (2) Point Calimere
    (3) Indira Point in Nicobar Islands
    (4) Kovalam in Trivandrum
    Answer: (3) Indira Point in Nicobar Islands
    Indira Point is the name given for the southernmost tip of Republic of India. It has situated on Great Nicobar Island in the Nicobar Islands eastern Indian Ocean which is not on the mainland of India. It was formerly known by various names that including Pygmalion Point, Parsons Point, and for a brief period of time India Point.

    Question: Where did a major earthquake take place in India in 1999?

    (1) Latur 
    (2) Jabalpur
    (3) Chamoli 
    (4) Uttar Kashi
    Answer: (3) Chamoli 
    An earthquake occurred on 29 March, 1999 in the Chamoli district in the Indian state of Uttar
    Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand). The earthquake was the strongest to hit the foothills of the Himalayas in
    more than ninety years. Approximately 103 people died in the earthquake.

    Question: The important fishing harbour in India is

    (1) Kolkata 
    (2) Cohin
    (3) Paradeep 
    (4) Mumbai
    Answer: (2) Cohin
    Apart from four main fishing harbours--Mangalore (Karnataka), Kochi (Kerala), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), and Roychowk in Kolkata (West Bengal)--twenty-three minor fishing harbors and ninety-five fish-landing centers are designated to provide landing and berthing facilities to fishing craft.

    Question: The largest brackish water lake of India is in the state of

    (1) Jammu and Kashmir
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Orissa
    (4) West Bengal
    Answer: (3) Orissa
    Separated from the Bay of Bengal by a narrow spit, Chilika is one of India's largest brackish water coastal lakes. Located south of the mouth of the Mahanadi River in unspoilt Odisha, this lake was
    once a bay of the ocean until it was silted up by monsoon tides. The lake is an important habitat and
    breeding ground for both resident and migratory and aquatic birds, most notably flamingoes.

    Question: Arakan Yoma is the extension of the Himalayas located in

    (1) Baluchistan 
    (2) Myanmar
    (3) Nepal 
    (4) Kashmir
    Answer: (2) Myanmar
    The Arakan Mountains is a mountain range in western Burma, between the coast of Rakhine State and the Central Burma Basin, in which flows the Irrawaddy River. It runs from Cape Negrais in the south into the Manipur State of India in the north. They include the Naga Hills, the Chin Hills, and the Patkai range which includes the Lushai Hills.

    Question: The Valley of Kashmir is located on a

    (1) nappe 
    (2) fault trough
    (3) plateau 
    (4) plain
    Answer: (1) nappe 
    In geology, a nappe is a large sheetlike body of rock that has been moved more than 2 km or 5 km from its original position. Nappes form during continental plate collisions, when folds are sheared so much that they fold back over on themselves and break apart. The Kashmir Valley has been described as a great synclinal (Wadia, 1975), seated on the back of a vast nappe, Kashmir nappe.

    Question: Which one of the following factors is the main reason for the peninsular rivers to flow towards east?

    (1) Western part is rainy
    (2) Western Ghats act as major water-divide
    (3) Rivers follow rift valleys
    (4) Eastern Ghats are lower than the Western Ghats
    Answer: (4) Eastern Ghats are lower than the Western Ghats
    The main water divide in peninsular rivers is formed by the Western Ghats, which run from north to south close to the western coast. Most of the major rivers of the peninsula such as the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri flow eastwards because of the issue of elevation and drain into the Bay of Bengal. These rivers flow through open and graded shallow valleys with low gradients and little erosion.

    Question: Palk Strait separates

    (1) India and Pakistan
    (2) India and Burma
    (3) India and Sri Lanka
    (4) India and Afghanistan
    Answer: (3) India and Sri Lanka
    Palk Strait is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka. he strait is named after Robert Palk, who was a governor of Madras Presidency (1755-1763) during the Company Raj period.

    Question: ‘Diego Garcia’ is an island in the Ocean—

    (1) Pacific 
    (2) Indian
    (3) Atlantic 
    (4) Arctic
    Answer: (2) Indian
    Diego Garcia is a tropical, footprint-shaped coral atoll located south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean. It is part of the British Indian Ocean Territory. It lies in the Chagos Archipelago at the southernmost tip of the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge – a vast submarine range in the Indian Ocean.

    Question: Mansarovar Lake is situated in

    (1) Nepal 
    (2) India
    (3) Tibet 
    (4) Bhutan
    Answer: (3) Tibet 
    Lake Manasarovar is a freshwater lake in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China 940 kilometres from Lhasa. To the west of Lake Manasarovar is Lake Rakshastal; toward the north is Mount Kailash.

    Question: Guru Shikhar on the Abu Hills is the highest peak of which mountain ranges?

    (1) Sahyadri 
    (2) Purvanchal
    (3) Anamalai 
    (4) Aravallis
    Answer: (4) Aravallis
    Gurushikhar holds the honor of being not only the highest peak of Mount Abu but the whole of Aravali mountain range. This peak is the home to the temple of Dattatreya, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

    Question: ‘Kulu Valley ’ in India is famous for the cultivation of

    (1) Grapes 
    (2) Potatoes
    (3) Apples 
    (4) Strawberry
    Answer: (3) Apples 
    Kullu is a broad open valley formed by the Beas river between Manali and Largi. This valley is famous for its beauty and its majestic hills covered with Pine and Deodar Forest and sprawling Apple
    Orchards. The economy of Kullu largely depends on tourism, horticulture (apples, plums, pears, and almonds) and handicrafts (shawls, caps, etc.).

    Question: Which of the following hills connect eastern and western ghats?

    (1) Satpura 
    (2) Vindhya
    (3) Nilgiri 
    (4) Aravalli
    Answer: (3) Nilgiri 
    The southern part of the Western Ghats mountain ranges harbour the Nilgiri hills, which serve as the meeting point of the Western and Eastern Ghats. The hills are separated from the Karnataka plateau
    to the north by the Moyar River and from the Anaimalai Hills and Palni Hills to the south by the Palghat Gap.

    Question: An example of ‘horseshoe’ shaped coral islands in the neighbourhood of India is

    (1) Andaman and Nicobar is lands
    (2) Maldives
    (3) Lakshadweep
    (4) Sri Lanka
    Answer: (3) Lakshadweep
    The Lakshadweep islands are formed of coral deposits called atolls. Atolls are circular or horseshoe shaped coral reefs.

    Question: Which is the highest peak to the south of the Vindhyas?

    (1) Bababudan 
    (2) Mullayanagiri
    (3) Annaimudi 
    Answer: (3) Annaimudi 
    Anamudi is located in the Indian state Kerala. It is the highest peak in the Western Ghats and South India, at an elevation of 2,695 metres. The name Anamudi literally translates to "elephant's forehead," a reference to the resemblance of the mountain to an elephant's head.

    Question: Which place is closest to ToraBora?

    (1) Mumbai
    (2) Aurangabad
    (3) Amarnath (Kashmir)
    (4) Jalalabad
    Answer: (4) Jalalabad
    Tora Bora is a cave complex situated in the White Mountains of eastern Afghanistan, in the Pachir Wa Agam District of Nangarhar province, west of the Khyber Pass and 10 km (north of the border of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan. It is close to Jalalabad. It was known to be an important area for the Taliban and insurgency against the Soviet Union in the 1980s.

    Question: Mansarovar Lake is situated in :

    (1) Nepal 
    (2) India
    (3) China 
    (4) Bhutan
    Answer: (3) China 
    Lake Manasarovar is a freshwater lake in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China near Lhasa. Manasarovar is near the source of the Sutlej River which is the easternmost large tributary of the Indus. Nearby are the sources of the Brahmaputra River, the Indus River, and the Karnali River (Ghaghara), an important tributary of the Ganges River.

    Question: In which of the following States in Jog Falls located ?

    (1) Orissa
    (2) Kerala
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer: (4) Karnataka
    Jog Falls is the second-highest plunge waterfall in India, Located near Sagara, Karnataka, these segmented falls are a major tourist attraction. They are also called Gerusoppe Falls.

    Question: Which of the following places will not get the rays of the sun vertically ?

    (1) Srinagar 
    (2) Mumbai
    (3) Chennai
    (4) Thiruvananthapuram
    Answer: (1) Srinagar 
    In the tropical zone which lies between 23.4° north and south of the equator respectively (region between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) the sun is vertically overhead sometime each year. Srinagar lies beyond this region.

    Question: The fertile land between two rivers is called

    (1) Watershed 
    (2) Water divide
    (3) Doab 
    (4) Terai
    Answer: (3) Doab 
    Doab is a term used in India and Pakistan for a "tongue" or tract of land lying between two confluent rivers. Unqualified by the names of any rivers, it designates the flat alluvial tract between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in western and southwestern Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand state in India, extending from the Sivalik Hills to the two rivers' confluence at Allahabad.

    Question: The coast that belongs to Kerala is known as

    (1) Konkan Coast
    (2) Malabar Coast
    (3) Coromandel Coast
    (4) Canara Coast
    Answer: (2) Malabar Coast
    The Malabar Coast is a long and narrow coastline on the south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. In historical contexts, refers to India's southwestern coast, lying on the narrow coastal plain of Karnataka and Kerala states between the Western Ghats range and the Arabian Sea. Kerala is located on the Malabar coast.

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