Indian Geography GK Quiz-40

Indian Geography GK Quiz-40

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: In the last fifty years the length of Indian rails has increased approximately by

    (1) 16.6% 
    (2) 24.8%
    (3) 30.2% 
    (4) 35.0%
    Answer:
    The Indian Railways has three gauges: broad gauge (1.676 meter), meters gauge (1 metre) and narrow gauge (0.762 and 0.610 metre). In 1950-51, the combined route kilometres of these gauges were 53,597. In 1995-96 the route length rose to 62,915 km showing a total increase of 9,336 m which represents an increase of 17.42 per cent and an average annual increase of 0.38 percent which was the highest in the Sixth Plan (2.9 per cent), followed by the First Plan (1.3 per cent).

    Question: Which of the following towns is not on the “Golden Quadrilateral” being created for the roads infrastructure of the country?

    (1) Chennai
    (2) Hyderabad
    (3) Visakhapatnam
    (4) Bhubaneswar
    Answer: (2) Hyderabad
    The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting India’s four largest metropolises: Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, thus forming a quadrilateral of sorts. Four other top ten metropolises: Bangalore, Pune, Ahmedabad, and Surat, are also served by the network. Then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee laid the foundation stone for the project on January 6, 1999. The largest highway project in India, it is the first phase of the National Highways Development Project (NHDP).

    Question: Which among the following means of transport in India carries maximum number of passengers during a year ?

    (1) International water transport
    (2) Indian Railways
    (3) Ashok Leyland buses
    (4) Telco buses
    Answer: (2) Indian Railways
    Indian Railways (reporting mark IR) is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. IR carries about 7,500 million passengers annually or more than 20 million passengers daily (more than a half of which are suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily.

    Question: The proposed sea-route “Sethu Samudram” is a canal through which of the sea-lanes ?

    (1) Gulf of Mannar
    (2) Malacca Strait
    (3) Gulf of Kutch
    (4) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    Answer: (1) Gulf of Mannar
    Sethusamudram is the sea that separates Tamil Nadu, India, from Sri Lanka. It encompasses the Gulf of Mannar, the Palk Strait, and a shoal of islands and bays that separate them called Ram Setu (“Rama Bridge”, also known as Adam’s Bridge). Sethusamudram was the site of the proposed Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project by the Government of India for dredging the entire straits to make it navigable by large ships and create fishing and shipping harbours in the coastal areas. Advantages of this project derive from obtaining a navigable sea route close to the coast, reducing in travel distance between the western and eastern coasts of peninsular India by about 350 nautical miles (due to having to circle about the island of Sri Lanka).

    Question: Approximately what is the length of the rail-route open to traffic in India?

    (1) 25,000 kms 
    (2) 48,000 kms
    (3) 63,000 kms 
    (4) 78,000 kms
    Answer: (3) 63,000 kms 
    It is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. IR carries about 7,500 million passengers annually
    or more than 20 million passengers daily (more than a half of which are suburban passengers) and 2.8
    million tons of freight daily.

    Question: Which of these harbours is not a natural harbour ?

    (1) Chennai 
    (2) Mumbai
    (3) Cochin 
    (4) Paradip
    Answer: (1) Chennai 
    A natural harbor is a landform where a part of a body of water is protected and deep enough to furnish anchorage. Many such harbors are rias. Bombay port and Kandla port have natural harbours. Kochi also has a natural harbour. Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the second largest port of India, behind the Mumbai Port, and the largest port in the Bay of Bengal. Being the third oldest port among the 12 major ports of India, it is over 125 years old, although maritime trade started way back in 1639 on the sea shore. It is an artificial and allweather port with wet docks.

    Question: Which of the following ports has the largest hinterland ?

    (1) Kandla
    (2) Kochi
    (3) Mumbai
    (4) Visakhapatnam
    Answer: (3) Mumbai
    Mumbai is the largest and most important port along the western coast of India. It was devel-oped
    during the colonial rule when the headquarters of the East India Company was shifted from Surat to Mumbai in 1672. Mumbai port has a vast hinterland extending over Maharashtra, northern Karnataka, northwest-ern Andhra Pradesh, eastern Gujarat and Rajasthan, western Madhya Pradesh and south-western Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.

    Question: Which one of the following pairs of places does the National highway number 2 join ?

    (1) Delhi – Amritsar
    (2) Delhi – Mumbai
    (3) Delhi – Kolkata
    (4) Delhi – Ahmedabad
    Answer: (3) Delhi – Kolkata
    (NH-2) National Highway 2, commonly referred as Delhi-Kolkata Road is a busy Indian National Highway that runs through the states of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal. It constitutes a major portion of the historical Grand Trunk Road along with NH-91 and NH-1 in India. The road is the part of National Highway network of India, and it is officially listed as running over 1465 km from Delhi to Kolkata. The kilometer counts in each of the states are Delhi (12), Haryana (74), Uttar Pradesh (752), Bihar (202), Jharkhand (190), and West Bengal (235).

    Question: What is the approximate length of Konkan Railway ?

    (1) 580 kms 
    (2) 760 kms
    (3) 940 kms 
    (4) 1050 kms
    Answer: (2) 760 kms
    Konkan Railway runs from Mangalore in Karnataka to Roha in Maharashtra through Goa, along the west coast of India and Western Ghats. Its Line length is 738 km; and Track length is 738 km. The route is a single-line track, and is not electrified. Although it has been designed for high-speed traffic of 160 kilometres per hour, the fastest train on the route, the Trivandrum Rajdhani Express, at present runs at a maximum speed of 110 kilometres per hour. The route is open to both freight and passenger traffic. The line, which runs parallel to the Arabian Sea coastline, offers some of the most spectacular views of any Indian rail journey. The Konkan railway route intersects national highway NH-17 at many places.

    Question: The position of Indian Railways network in the world is

    (1) second 
    (2) third
    (3) fourth 
    (4) fifth
    Answer: (3) fourth 
    Rail transport is a commonly used mode of longdistance transportation in India. It is the 4th largest railway network in the world, transporting over 10 billion passengers and over 1050 million tonnes of freight annually. Its operations cover twenty eight states and three union territories and also provide limited service to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

    Question: The Konkan Railway connects :

    (1) Goa – Mangalore
    (2) Roha – Mangalore
    (3) Kanyakumari – Mangalore
    (4) Kanyakumari – Mumbai
    Answer: (2) Roha – Mangalore
    Konkan Railway is a railway line which runs along the Konkan coast of India. It was constructed and is operated by the Konkan Railway Corporation. It runs from Mangalore in Karnataka to Roha in Maharashtra through Goa, along the west coast of India and Western Ghats.

    Question: Which one of the following is a major port on the East Coast of India ?

    (1) Kandla
    (2) Vishakhapatnam
    (3) Karikal
    (4) Pondicherry (Puducherry)
    Answer: (2) Vishakhapatnam
    Port of Visakhapatnam is one of the leading major ports of India. The Port is located on the east coast of India at a latitude of 170 41' North and longitude of 830 17' East and the time zone is GMT + 5:30. The Port has three harbours viz., outer harbour, inner harbour and the fishing harbour.

    Question: Which is the city linked by the highest number of Railway Zones?

    (1) Delhi 
    (2) Mumbai
    (3) Calcutta 
    (4) Chennai
    Answer: (2) Mumbai
    Mumbai is the destination where maximum number of trains in India head for. It is the headquarters of two railway zones: Western and Central Zones. Delhi: Northern Zone; Kolkata: Eastern; and Chennai: Southern Zone.

    Question: Tar roads get easily damaged during

    (1) summer
    (2) winter
    (3) rainy season
    (4) peak traffic hours
    Answer: (3) rainy season
    Tar & chip have been used for over 100 years, all over the world, with great success, to pave and resurface roads. However, they are easily spoiled in rains and natural calamity. Concrete roads are less
    affected.

    Question: Which one of the following ports is located on eastern coast of India?

    (1) Kandla 
    (2) Kochi
    (3) Mormugao 
    (4) Paradeep
    Answer: (4) Paradeep
    Paradeep, is a major seaport town and a designated notified area in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha. The Port of Paradeep is the primary port in Orissa, and one of the largest on India's east coast. The port handled over 57 million tonnes of cargo in 2009-2010. Thermal coal and iron ore are major commodities that transit the port.

    Question: Which of the following places are connected to the highest road of the world ?

    (1) Gangtok and Kathmandu
    (2) Leh and Srinagar
    (3) Manali and Leh
    (4) Srinagar and Siachen
    Answer: (2) Leh and Srinagar
    National Highway-1 (NH-1), also known as SrinagarLeh Highway, is a National Highway entirely within the state of Jammu & Kashmir in North India that connects Srinagar to Leh in Ladakh and is maintained by Project Vijayak of the Border Roads Organization. It is one of the highest roads in the world. Running between the Indian cities of Leh and Manali, it opens up an inhospitable part of the Himalaya Mountains.

    Question: In which State have Indian Railways introduced “Palace on Wheels” to promote tourism?

    (1) Kerala 
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Rajasthan 
    (4) Punjab
    Answer: (3) Rajasthan 
    The Palace on Wheels is a luxury tourist train. It was launched by the Indian Railways to promote tourism in Rajasthan, and has been highly popular since its launch. Palace on Wheels comprises 14 deluxe air-conditioned saloons, completely self-sufficient and tastefully equipped to impress modern travellers.

    Question: Which of the following is an inland river port?

    (1) Kolkata 
    (2) Mumbai
    (3) Chennai 
    (4) Tuticorin
    Answer: (1) Kolkata 
    The term inland port is used in two different but related ways to mean either a port on an inland waterway or an inland site carrying out some functions of a seaport. By this standard, Kolkata is an inland river port.

    Question: The road that negotiates four high passes of the world in the Himalayas is

    (1) Darjeeling to Nepal
    (2) Shimla to Dalhousie
    (3) Manali to Leh
    (4) Shimla to Kulu
    Answer: (3) Manali to Leh
    The Leh–Manali Highway is a highway in northern India connecting Leh in Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir state and Manali in Himachal Pradesh state. The highway crosses some of the highest mountain passes in the world, including Rohtang La 3,978 m in Pir Panjal range and three passes in Zanskar range that separate Zanskar valley from Leh valley, namely, Baralacha La 4,892 m, Lachulung La 5,059 m and Taglang La 5,328 m.

    Question: Roads that link the important cities of various states are referred to as :

    (1) State Roads
    (2) National Highways
    (3) State Highways
    (4) Superways
    Answer: (2) National Highways
    The National Highways Network of India, is a network of highways that is managed and maintained by agencies of the Government of India. India has 70,934 km of national highways (NH) connecting all the major cities and state capitals as of August 2011.

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