Indian Geography GK Quiz-45

Indian Geography GK Quiz-45

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    1. Which among the following districts is not situated in the terai of Uttar Pradesh ?

    (1) Pilibhit 
    (2) Bahraich
    (3) Lakhim Pur 
    (4) Hardoi
    Answer:
    1. (4) The Terai is a belt of marshy grasslands, savannas, and forests located south of the outer foothills of the Himalaya, the Siwalik Hills, and north of the IndoGangetic Plain of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and their tributaries. In northern India, the Terai spreads eastward from the Yamuna River across Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Hardoi district is a part of Lucknow division. Hardoi district is contiguous of Shahjahanpur and Lakhimpur Kheri districts on the north, Lucknow and Unnao districts on the south, Kanpur and Farrukhabad districts on the west and Sitapur district on the east. The Terai region comprising Kheri, Pilibhit and Bahraich districts were recently in news for having a sizeable population of Indian vultures despite vulture casualties due to renal failure.

    2. Match List I with List II and find out the correct answer from the codes given below the Lists :

    List I
    (Thermal Power Plants)
    (a) Kahalgaon
    (b) Farakka
    (c) Ramagundam
    (d) Gandhar
    List II
    (Locations)
    1. West Bengal
    2. Bihar
    3. Gujarat
    4. Andhra Pradesh
    Codes :
    a b c d
    (1) 1 2 3 4
    (2) 4 3 1 2
    (3) 2 1 4 3
    (4) 3 2 1 4
    Answer:
    2. (3) Colgong (also called Kahalgaon) is a city and a municipality in Bhagalpur district in the state of Bihar. Close to Kahalgaon are the remains of the great Vikramshila University, which was famous as a centre of advanced learning across the world in the ancient times. Farakka Barrage is a barrage across the Ganges River, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, roughly 16.5 kilometres from the border with Bangladesh near Chapai Nawabganj District. Ramagundam is a town in the Karimnagar district of northern Andhra Pradesh, known as town of energy. Gandhar is one of the villages in Vagra Taluk, Bharuch district, Gujarat State of India.

    3. Which one of the following States/Union Territories of India recorded the lowest density of  population in 1991 Census?

    (1) Sikkim
    (2) Nagaland
    (3) Mizoram
    (4) Arunachal Pradesh
    Answer:
    3. (4) Arunachal Pradesh has population density of 10 in the 1991 Census. It stood last among all the states and Union territories of India. It retained its rank even in the 2001 Census with a population density of 13 and 2011 census with a population density of 17.

    4. Which of the following states is called ‘Tiger State’ of India?

    (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Gujarat
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Assam
    Answer:
    4. (3) Madhya Pradesh is known as the tiger state of India,’ because of the large number of tiger reserves in the state. Kanha, Pench, Bandhavgarh, Panna, BoriSatpura, Sanjay-Dubri tiger reserves are located in the state. There are 42 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.

    5. Khasi and Garo Tribes mainly live in :

    (1) Meghalaya 
    (2) Nagaland
    (3) Mizoram 
    (4) Manipur
    Answer:
    5. (1) Meghalaya, one of the seven sister states of North East India, is inhabited largely by tribes. After Khasi, Garo comprise the largest population of tribes in Meghalaya. Most of these tribes habitat in Garo hills of Meghalaya, as the name depicts itself. Other than Meghalaya a sizeable population of these tribes can also be found in other states like Assam, Tripura, West Bengal and Bangladesh.

    6. Which of the following Indian States is broadly as large as the European nation-Austria?

    (1) Kerala 
    (2) West Bengal
    (3) Orissa 
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer:
    6. (2) North-Eastern India, the country’s tribal corner, with lush, beautiful landscapes, endemic flora and fauna of the Indo-Malayan group and famous for Tea Gardens, consists of seven tiny states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura. By Indian standards, some of them are larger than Switzerland or Austria. The Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, with an area of 83,743 km square is comparable to Austria. The territory of Austria covers 83,855 square kilometres. The area of Karnataka is 191,791 sq. km (comparable to Senegal); that of Kerala is 38,633 sq. km (comparable to Bhutan); and that of West Bengal is 88,752 sq. km (comparable to Serbia). West Bengal, among the given options, is the most suitable.

    7. Which of the following Indian States is broadly as large as the European nation Poland?

    (1) Bihar
    (2) Orissa
    (3) Maharashtra
    (4) Madhya Pradesh
    Answer:
    7. (4) The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres, making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. Maharashtra covers an area of 307,731 km2 or 9.84% of the total geographical area of India; while Madhya Pradesh covers 308,252 km2 of the nation and is the sixth largest state in India by population. Both Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra are comparable to the size of Oman and both have area less than that of Poland. But, since Madhya Pradesh is bigger than Maharashtra, it should be the correct answer.

    8. Where are the ‘Todas’ found?

    (1) Madhya Pradesh
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Arunachal Pradesh
    Answer:
    8. (3) The Toda people are a small pastoral community who live on the isolated Nilgiri plateau of Southern India. Before the late 18th century, the Toda coexisted locally with other communities, including the Badaga, Kota, and Kuruba, in a loose caste-like community organization in which the Toda were the top ranking. During the last quarter of the 20th century, some Toda pasture land was lost due to agriculture by outsiders or afforestation by the State Government of Tamil Nadu. This has threatened to undermine Toda culture by greatly diminishing the buffalo herds; however during the last decade both Toda society and culture have also become the focus of an international effort at culturally sensitive environmental restoration. The Toda lands are now a part of The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO-designated International Biosphere Reserve and is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.

    9. Which State has the lowest area under forests ?

    (1) Gujarat
    (2) Uttar Pradesh
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Haryana
    Answer:
    9. (4) The total geographical area of India is 32,87,469 sq km, of which about 6,75,500 sq km—equal to
    22.50 per cent—is under forests. According to the National Forest Policy (1952) about 33 per cent of the geographical area should be under forest. However, the existing forest area is much below the desired level. Madhya Pradesh with 77,265 sq km has the largest area under forests in India, followed by Arunachal Pradesh with 68,045 sq km and Chhattisgarh with 56,448 sq. km. The rank of Orissa and
    Maharashtra are fourth and fifth respectively. With only 1754 sq. km, Haryana has the lowest area under forest among the states of India. In terms of percentage, Mizoram with 83 per cent of its area under forest holds the first rank, followed by Mizoram at 81 per cent and Nagaland at 80.50 per cent.

    10. Which of the million-pluspopulation cities according to 1991 census, has got the highest literacy rate ?

    (1) Greater Mumbai
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Chennai
    (4) Kochi
    Answer:
    10. (4) According to 1991 Census, of the million-pluspopulation cities, i.e. more than 10 lakhs, the highest literacy rate was recorded of Kochi (94 per cent), Greater Mumbai (82 per cent), Chennai (81 per cent) and Delhi (76 per cent) respectively. According to 2011, census, the highest literacy rate was recorded of Kerala (94%) and lowest literacy rate was recorded of Bihar (61.8%).

    11. Sambhar Salt Lake is situated in:

    (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Rajasthan
    Answer:
    11. (4) The Sambhar Salt Lake, India’s largest inland salt lake, sits 96 km south west of the city of Jaipur and 64 km north east of Ajmer along National Highway 8 in Rajasthan. It is India’s largest saline lake and made Rajasthan the third largest salt producing state in India. It produces 196,000 tonnes of clean salt every year, which equals 8.7% of India’s salt production. Salt is produced by evaporation process of brine and is mostly managed by Sambhar Salts Ltd.(SSL), a joint venture of the Hindustan Salts Ltd. and the state government. SSL owns 3% of the eastern lake. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia.

    12. According to 1991 census, in which State/Union Terriroty has the highest percentage of scheduled castes population ?

    (1) Pujnab
    (2) Uttar Pradesh
    (3) West Bengal
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer:
    12. (1) As per the Census 2001, total population of the Scheduled Castes in the country (excluding the population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur) is 166,635,700 which constitute 16.2% of the total population. Uttar Pradesh (35,148,377) has the largest Scheduled Caste population, followed by West Bengal (18,452,555) and Bihar (13,048,608). These states, along with Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Punjab comprise the group of ‘top ten’ states in terms of large Scheduled Caste population in the country. In Nagaland, Lakshadweep, and A & N Islands, no Scheduled Caste is notified. According to 2011 census, Punjab has the highest percentage (31.9%) of scheduled castes population. SC% of India = 16.6%, ST% of India = 8.6%. 

    13. Which amongst the following States/UT has not identified tribal community ?

    (1) Chhattisgarh 
    (2) Haryana
    (3) Maharashtra 
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer:
    13. (2) There are 84 million Scheduled Tribe persons in India as counted in the Census of 2001. Of them, about one third are in the Central Indian region comprising Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and some of the contiguous districts of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Another, about a third is in the western region comprising Rajasthan, Gujarat, and several districts of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. There are about 8 million Scheduled Tribes in parts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. About 2 million Scheduled Tribes are in the northern region of Jammu and Kashmir and the adjoining districts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. The remaining about 14 million Scheduled Tribes are in the eastern region: 4 million in West Bengal, 3 million in Assam and about 7 million in the other six states of the Northeast. Haryana does not have any scheduled tribe community.

    14. Sex ratio refers to number of woman

    (1) per sq. km. in relation to males
    (2) per 1000 males
    (3) per state in relation to males
    (4) and number of men in an area
    Answer:
    14. (2) Sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population. Sex Ratio is a term used to define number of females per 1000 males. It’s a great source to find the equality of males and females in a society at a given period of time.

    15. Which is the smallest (in area) of the following Union Territories?

    (1) Chandigarh
    (2) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
    (3) Daman and Diu
    (4) Lakshadweep
    Answer:
    15. (4) Lakshadweep is a group of islands in the Laccadive Sea, 200 to 440 km off the South Western coast of India. The islands form the smallest Union Territory of India: their total surface area is just 11 sq mi or 32 km2. The lagoon area covers about 4,200 square kilometres, the territorial waters area 20,000 square kilometres and the exclusive economic zone area 400,000 square kilometres. The region forms a single Indian district with ten Sub divisions. Kavaratti serves as the capital of the Union Territory and the region comes under the jurisdiction of Kerala High Court.

    16. Which among the following States has lowest rate of literacy according to 2001 census ?

    (1) Gujarat 
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) Uttar Pradesh 
    (4) Bihar
    Answer:
    16. (4) According to the provisional population totals in 2001 Census, the literacy rate for Bihar was 47.53% as against 37.49% in 1991 Census as against 37.49% in 1991 Census. Although the literacy rate in the state increased by roughly 10 percentage points during 1991-2001, it was still low as compared to the all India average of 65.38 percent. According to 2011 census, Bihar has lowest rate of literacy (61.8%).

    17. Male literacy rate in India according to 2001 census is–

    (1) 45.96 per cent
    (2) 56.38 per cent
    (3) 75.85 per cent
    (4) 64.13 per cent
    Answer:
    17. (3) As per the 2001 Census, the literacy rate of India increased from 18.33% in 1951 to 64.84% in 2001. The male literacy rate increased to 75.26%, which showed an increase of 11.13%.On the other hand, the female literacy of 53.67% increased at a much faster rate of 14.38%. According to 2011 census, male literacy rate in India is 80.9%.

    18. Which from the following territories does NOT have a border with Mizoram ?

    (1) Nagaland 
    (2) Myanmar
    (3) Assam 
    (4) Tripura
    Answer:
    18. (1) Nagaland is a state in the far north-eastern part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. Nagaland, the 16th state of the Indian Union, was established on December 1, 1963. It is divided into eleven districts: Kohima, Phek, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheboto, Tuensang, Mon, Dimapur, Kiphire, Longleng and Peren. It is a largely mountainous state.

    19. Which from the following territories does not have a border with Arunachal Pradesh ?

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Nagaland
    (3) Bhutan 
    (4) Manipur
    Answer:
    19. (4) Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. Manipur consist of Naga, Kuki and Meitei and is bounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south and Assam to the west; it also borders Burma to the east. The Meiteis (Meeteis), who live primarily in the state’s valley region, form the primary ethnic group (60% of the total population) but occupy only 10% of the total land area.

    20. As per 2001 Census, what is the percentage of India’s population to the world population ?

    (1) 8 
    (2) 16
    (3) 26 
    (4) 28
    Answer:
    20. (2) According to the provisional results compiled quickly for the Census of India 2001, the population of India at 0:00 hours of 1st March, 2001, stood at 1,027,015,247 comprising of 531,277,078 males and 495,738,169 females. Thus, as widely believed and expected, India became only the second country in the world after China to officially cross the one billion mark. India’s population comprised about 16 per cent of the global total. According to 2011 census, India’s population consists of 17.5% of the world population.

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