Indian Geography GK Quiz-46

Indian Geography GK Quiz-46

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    21. In India, as per their 2001 Census, the sex-ratio (females per 1000 males) is

    (1) 930 
    (2) 934
    (3) 927 
    (4) 933
    Answer:
    21. (4) As per the Census findings overall Sex ratio in India has declined over a period of time. It was 946 female per 1000 male in the year 1951 and declined to 927 in 1991. In the Census findings (2001), the overall sex ratio improved by 6 points to 933 females per 1000 males. Highest sex ratio as per census 2001 was recorded in the state of Kerala with 1058 females per 1000 males. It was lowest in the Daman and Diu with 709 females per 1000 males. In India, as per their 2011 census, the sex-ratio (females per 1000 males) is 943.

    22. In India, according to the 2001 Census, the female literacy rate is

    (1) 39.29 
    (2) 54.16
    (3) 21.97 
    (4) 29.76
    Answer:
    22. (2) From comparison to the 1991 census, the male literacy rate increased to 75.26%, which showed an increase of 11.13%.On the other hand, the female literacy of 53.67% increased at a much faster rate of 14.38%. According to 2011 csnsus, female literacy rate of India is 64.6%.

    23. In which of the following states the first Synagogue is built in India ?

    (1) Maharashtra 
    (2) West Bengal
    (3) Tamil Nadu 
    (4) Kerala
    Answer:
    23. (4) The oldest of India’s synagogue buildings can be found in the state of Kerala, where synagogue construction began during the medieval period. Whereas Kerala’s first Jewish houses of prayer said to be from the eleventh through the 13th centuries perished long ago as a consequence of natural disasters, enemy attacks, or the abandonment of buildings when congregations shifted, as did the earliest confirmed synagogue in Kochandagi authenticated to 1344 by a surviving building inscription now found in the courtyard of the Paradesi synagogue in Kochi’s Jew Town, those originating from the 16th and 17th centuries subsist. These extant synagogues, though altered over time, include not only the oldest found on the Indian subcontinent but in the British Commonwealth.

    24. According to Census 2001, what is the percentage of Indian population below the age 40 ?

    (1) 75 
    (2) 70
    (3) 65 
    (4) 60
    Answer:
    24. (1) As per Census 2001, the population below 15 years was 35 percent, >60 years was 8 percent, and between 15 and 59 years of age was 57 percent of the total population. India has more than 50% of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65% below the age of 35. It is expected that, in 2020, the average age of an Indian will be 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030,
    India’s dependency ratio should be just over 0.4. According to 2011 census, the percentage of Indian
    population below the age 6 is 13.1% and above the age 6 is 86.9%.

    25. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I
    A. Assam
    B. Dadra & Nagar Haveli
    C. Lakshadweep
    D. Sikkim
    List-II
    1. Silvassa
    2. Gangtok
    3. Dispur
    4. Kavaratti
    A B C D
    (1) 3 2 1 4
    (2) 3 1 4 2
    (3) 4 1 3 2
    (4) 1 2 4 3
    Answer:
    25. (2) Silvassa is the capital of the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Gangtok is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. Gangtok is located in the eastern Himalayan range, at an altitude of 5,800 feet (1,800 m). Dispur is the capital of Assam, in northeast India. Dispur has existed as a locality on the outskirts of Guwahati, took its place as the capital of Assam in 1973. Kavaratti is the capital of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep in India. Kavaratti is a census town as well as the name of the atoll upon which the town stands.

    26. What is the stage in the population cycle in which India is classified on the basis of its demographic characteristics ?

    (1) Early expanding stage
    (2) High stationary stage
    (3) Late expanding stage
    (4) Declining stage
    Answer:
    26. (3) The demographic transition model is a chart showing the different stages of a country‘s population‘s birth rate and death rate. There are 5 stages, with each progressively going further into the future. India is in stage 2 of the demographic transition model right now with a high birth rate of 23 per 1000, and a decreasing death rate of 7 per 1000. A bi-product of this, is a high rate of natural increase with India‘s being at 1.5%. In the late expanding or the third stage of the demographic cycle the birth tends to fall but the depth rate declines still further and the population continues to grow as the births exceeds deaths, e.g. India, China, Singapore, etc.

    27. In India, population density is defined as the number of persons

    (1) per square mile
    (2) per lakh square mile
    (3) per lakh square kilometre
    (4) per square kilometre
    Answer:
    27. (4) For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area usually per square kilometer or mile (which may include or exclude cultivated or potentially productive area). Commonly this may be calculated for a county, city, country, another territory, or the entire world. The world’s population is 7 billion, and Earth’s total area (including land and water) is 510 million square kilometers (197 million square miles. According to 2011 census population density of India is 382.

    28. A high growth rate of population is characterised by

    (1) high birth and high death rates
    (2) high birth and low death rates
    (3) low birth and low death rates
    (4) low birth and high death rates
    Answer:
    28. (2) Population growth is the change in a population over time, and can be quantified as the change in the number of individuals of any species in a population using “per unit time” for measurement. Population growth is determined by four factors, births (B), deaths (D), immigrants (I), and emigrants (E). High birth and low death rates add to the population base considerably as while the base remains intact, the erosion due to deaths is hampered.

    29. One of the pairs not matched correctly is

    (1) Dehradun – U.P.
    (2) Shimla–Himachal Pradesh
    (3) Drajeeling – West Bengal
    (4) Panchmarhi – M.P.
    Answer:
    29. (1) Dehradun is the capital city of the state of Uttarakhand in the northern part of India. Located in the Garhwal region, it is 236 km north of India’s capital New Delhi and is one of the “Counter Magnets” of the National Capital Region (NCR) being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Delhi metropolitan area. Dehradun is located in the Doon Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between two of India’s mightiest rivers - the Ganges on the east and the Yamuna on the west.

    30. According to India’s Report of 2001 percentage of population living in rural areas is

    (1) 70 
    (2) 72
    (3) 74 
    (4) 80
    Answer:
    30. (2) As per the 2001 Census of India, in a total population of 1027 million in India, about 742 million (or 72.2%) lived in rural areas and 285 million (or 27.8%) lived in urban areas. There had been an increase of 2.1 percentage points in the proportion of urban population in India during 1991-2001. According to 2011 census, population of rural India is 31.1% and urban India is 68.9%.

    31. The number of females per 1000 males in India’s population (Census 2001) is

    (1) 900 
    (2) 929
    (3) 933 
    (4) 945
    Answer:
    31. (3) As per the 2001 Census, Sex ratio (the number of females per 1000 males) for India was 933 females per 1000 males, which was an improvement of 6 points over 927 recorded in 1991 Census. Like the 1991 Census, the highest sex ratio (1058) was reported in Kerala. Haryana reported the lowest sex ratio of 861 among the major states. The number of females per 1000 males in India’s population (census 2011) is 943.

    32. Which State of India has the largest percentage of poor?

    (1) Bihar 
    (2) Chhattisgarh
    (3) Orissa 
    (4) Jharkhand
    Answer:
    32. (1) Poverty in India is widespread, with the nation estimated to have a third of the world’s poor. In 2011, World Bank stated, 32.7% of the total Indian people fall below the international poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day (PPP) while 68.7% live on less than US$ 2 per day. Odisha is the state with the maximum proportion of poor at 57.2 percent in 2004-05. Odisha is followed by Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (MP), Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Maharashtra, according to data by the Planning Commission of India. While over half the population in the states of Odisha and Bihar operates below the poverty line, Madhya Pradesh is just shy of 50 percent.

    33. What percentage of Indian population is below the official poverty line?

    (1) Below 30%
    (2) 30% to 35%
    (3) Above 35% but below 40%
    (4) Between 40% and 45%
    Answer:
    33. (1) The Planning Commission, in March 2012, released the latest poverty estimates for the country showing a decline in the incidence of poverty by 7.3 per cent over the past five years and stating that anyone with a daily consumption expenditure of Rs. 28.35 and Rs. 22.42 in urban and rural areas respectively is above the poverty line. The all-India Head Count Ratio (HCR) has declined by 7.3 percentage points from 37.2% in 2004-05 to 29.8% in 2009-10, with rural poverty declining by 8.0 percentage points from 41.8% to 33.8% and urban poverty declining by 4.8 percentage points from 25.7% to 20.9%.

    34. According to the latest estimates, the literacy rate (% of population) in India is

    (1) 63% 
    (2) 65%
    (3) 67% 
    (4) 68%
    Answer:
    34. (*) Literacy in India is key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate grew to 74.04% in 2011 from 12% at the end of British rule in 1947. The level is well below the world average literacy rate of 84%, and India currently has the largest illiterate population of any nation on earth. The 2011 census, however, indicated a 2001-2011 decadal literacy growth of 9.2%, which is the slower than the growth seen during the previous decade. There is a wide gender disparity in the literacy rate in India: effective literacy rates (age 7 and above) in 2011 were 80.9% for men and 64.6% for women. The census provided a positive indication that growth in female literacy rates (11.8%) was substantially faster than in male literacy rates (6.9%) in the 2001-2011 decadal period, which means the gender gap appears to be narrowing.

    35. Jawahar Tunnel, the largest in India is located in the State of

    (1) Jammu & Kashmir
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Karnataka
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer:
    35. (1) Jawahar Tunnel or Banihal Tunnel, named after the first Prime Minister of India, was constructed for round-the-year surface transport by Mr. Alfred Kunz and C. Barsel (both were German) between 1954 and 1960. Situated between Banihal and Qazigund, This tunnel facilitates round-the-year road connectivity to Srinagar From Jammu.

    36. The most literate union territory in India is

    (1) Delhi 
    (2) Lakshadweep
    (3) Chandigarh 
    (4) Pondicherry
    Answer:
    36. (2) According to India’s census facts 2011, Kerala comes up as the most literate state in the country
    with 94.0 percentage of literacy rate. The state of Bihar is the least literate with 61.8% of literacy rate.
    As regards to Union Territories, Lakshadweep shows the highest literacy rate of 91.8%. The least literate Union Territory in India is Dadra and Nagar Haveli with a literacy rate of 76.2%.

    37. During which decade did the population of India record a negative growth rate ?

    (1) 1921–31 
    (2) 1911–21
    (3) 1941–51 
    (4) 1931–41
    Answer:
    37. (2) Negative Population growth rate or decline in population can refer to the decline in population of humans. It is a term usually used to describe any great reduction in a human population. It can be used to refer to long-term demographic trends, as in urban decay or rural flight, but it is also commonly employed to describe large reductions in population due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes. During the decade of 1911-1921, population decreased by 7 lakhs. Epidemics like plague, cholera, malaria and famines accounted for this decline. Plague epidemic in 1918 took a toll of 140 lakh human lives.

    38. The birthrate measures the number of births during a year per

    (1) 100 population
    (2) 1000 population
    (3) 10000 population
    (4) 100000 population
    Answer:
    38. (2) The birth rate is typically the rate of births in a population over time. The rate of births in a population is calculated in several ways: live births from a universal registration system for births, deaths, and marriages; population counts from a census, and estimation through specialized demographic techniques. The birth rate along with mortality and migration rate are used to calculate population growth. The crude birth rate is the number of births per 1,000 people per year. The total (crude) birth rate (which includes all births)—typically indicated as births per 1,000 population—is distinguished from an age-specific rate (the number of births per 1,000 persons in an age group).

    39. Which one of the following states of India records the highest sex ratio ?

    (1) Kerala 
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Maghalaya 
    (4) Tamilnadu
    Answer:
    39. (1) Kerala has the highest sex ratio; while Haryana has the lowest sex ratio among states and Daman & Diu has the lowest among all states and territories. 

    40. Which is the largest state of India, population-wise, according to 2001 census ?

    (1) Maharashtra
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Uttar Pradesh
    (4) West Bengal
    Answer:
    40. (3) As per the 2001 Census, Uttar Pradesh continued to be the most populous state in the country with 16.17 percent of India’s population followed by Maharashtra (9.42 percent) and Bihar (8.07 percent). In fact the population of Uttar Pradesh (166 million) was more than the estimated population of Pakistan. According to 2011 census, most population-wise states are
    1. Uttar Pradesh– 19,98,12,341
    2. Maharashtra – 11,23,74,333
    3. Bihar – 10,40,99,452
    4. West Bengal – 9,12,76,115

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