Indian Geography GK Quiz-5

Indian Geography GK Quiz-5

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The Zoji-La pass connects :

    (1) srinagar and Leh
    (2) Arunachal Pradesh and Tibet
    (3) Chamba and spiti
    (4) Kalimpong and Lhasa
    Answer: (1) srinagar and Leh
    Zoji La is a high mountain pass in India, located on the Indian National Highway 1 between Srinagar and Leh in the western section of the Himalayan mountain range. Zoji La provides a vital link between Ladakh and Kashmir. It runs at an elevation of approximately 3,528 metres and is the second highest pass after Fotu La on the Srinagar-Leh National Highway.

    Question: Match List -I with List -II and select the correct answer using its codes given below the Lists.

    List – I 
    (a) Pulicat Lake 
    (b) Chilka Lake 
    (c) Wular Lake 
    (d) Sambhar Lake
    List – II
    (1) Orissa
    (2) Rajsthan
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Kashmir
    (a) (b) (c) (d)
    (1) 3 1 4 2
    (2) 3 4 2 1
    (3) 4 1 3 2
    (4) 1 2 4 3
    Answer: (1)
    Pulicat Lake: the second largest brackish – water lake or lagoon in India which straddles the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states on the Coromandal Coast in South India; Chilka Lake: a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha; Wular Lake: India's largest fresh water lake and one of the largest in Asia, located in Bandipora district in Jammu and Kashmir; and Sambhar Lake: India's largest inland salt lake, south west of Jaipur and north east of Ajmer along National Highway 8 in Rajasthan.

    Question: The eastern coastal plain is also called as

    (1) Konkan coastal plain
    (2) Gujafat plain
    (3) Coromandal coastal plain
    (4) Malabar coastal plain
    Answer: (3) Coromandal coastal plain
    The Eastern Coastal Plains refer to a wide stretch of landmass of India, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. It stretches from Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the north. It is locally known as Northern Circars in the northern part between Mahanadi and Krishna rivers and Coromandel Coast in the southern part between Krishna and Kaveri rivers.

    Question: The highest waterfall of India is

    (1) Shimsha falls
    (2) Hogenakkal falls
    (3) Courtallam falls
    (4) Jog falls
    Answer:
    The Vajrai Waterfall, near the city of Satara, is the highest waterfall in India with a height of 1,840 feet. Jog Falls in Karnataka are the second highest plunge waterfalls in India, formed by Sharavathi River. Kunchikal Falls, located near Masthikatte-Hulikal in Shimoga district of state of Karnataka, is the highest tiered waterfalls in India and second highest in Asia.

    Question: The sea which existed in the place of the Himalayas was

    (1) Red Sea 
    (2) Arabian Sea
    (3) Tethys Sea 
    (4) Dead Sea
    Answer: (3) Tethys Sea 
    The Tethys Ocean was an ocean that existed between the continents of Gondwana and Laurasia
    during much of the Mesozoic era, before the opening of the Indian and Atlantic oceans during the
    Cretaceous period. Today, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, and the Indian Ocean cover the area once occupied by the Tethys Ocean, and Turkey, Iraq, and Tibet sit on Cimmeria. What was once the Tethys Sea has become the Mediterranean Sea. Geologists have found fossils of ocean creatures in rocks in the Himalayas, indicating that those rocks were once underwater, before the Indian continental shelf began pushing upward as it smashed into Cimmeria.

    Question: The Palk Strait lies between

    (1) Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar
    (2) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    (3) Rann of Kutch and Gulf of Khambhat
    (4) Lakshadweep and Maldives
    Answer: (1) Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar
    Palk Strait is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka. he strait is named after Robert Palk, who was a governor of Madras Presidency (1755-1763) during the Company Raj period.

    Question: The Kulu Valley is situated between

    (1) Ladakh and Pirpanjal
    (2) Ranjoti and Nag Tibba
    (3) Lesser Himalayas and Siwalik
    (4) Dhauladhar and Pirpanjal
    Answer: (1) Ladakh and Pirpanjal
    Kullu valley is sandwiched between the Pir Panjal, Lower Himalayan and Great Himalayan range. It connects with the Lahul and Spiti valleys via Rohtang Pass.

    Question: Who prepares the topographical maps of India ?

    (1) Geological Survey of India
    (2) Survey of India
    (3) Defence Ministry
    (4) Geographical Survey of India
    Answer: (2) Survey of India
    For most part of India, topographic maps are available which are prepared by the Survey of India. To identify a map of a particular area, a map numbering system has been adopted by Survey of India.

    Question: The mountains which are not a part of the Himalayan chain:

    (1) Aravalli 
    (2) Kunlun
    (3) Karakoram 
    (4) Hindukush
    Answer: (1) Aravalli 
    The Aravalli Range, literally meaning 'line of peaks', is a range of mountains in western India and eastern Pakistan running approximately 800 km from northwest to southwest across Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Gujarat and Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Sindh. It is one of the world's oldest mountain ranges. It dates back to pre-Indian subcontinental collision with the mainland Eurasian Plate.

    Question: Godwin Austen is a/an

    (1) Inventor of Telescope
    (2) Geologist
    (3) Pass 
    (4) Peak
    Answer: (4) Peak
    Godwin Austen is a peak in Pak occupied territory. Its height is 8,611 metres.

    Question: Gurushikhar is a/the :

    (1) Shipping Yard of Andhra Pradesh
    (2) great guru of sikhs
    (3) famous hunting spot of Himalayas
    (4) highest peak of the Aravallis
    Answer: (4) highest peak of the Aravallis
    Gurushikhar is a peak at an altitude of 5,676 feet (1722 metres) in Rajasthan.

    Question: In which state is Jog Falls located ?

    (1) Kerala 
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Karnataka 
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (3) Karnataka 
    Jog falls is located in Karnataka.

    Question: Zojiia pass connects :

    (1) Nepal and Tibet
    (2) Leh and Kargil
    (3) Leh and Srinagar
    (4) Kashmir and Tibet
    Answer: (3) Leh and Srinagar
    Zojila Pass connects Leh and Srinagar.

    Question: Which of the following is the highest peak in undisputed Indian territory ?

    (1) Mount Everest
    (2) Kanchenjunga
    (3) Nanda Devi
    (4) Nanga Parbat
    Answer: (3) Nanda Devi
    Nanda Devi is the second highest mountain in India and the highest entirely within the country
    (Kanchenjunga being on the border of India and Nepal).

    Question: Palghat joins which of the following states ?

    (1) Sikkim and West Bengal
    (2) Maharashtra and Gujarat
    (3) Kerala and Tamil Nadu
    (4) Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim
    Answer: (3) Kerala and Tamil Nadu
    Palghat joins Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

    Question: The southernmost point of India is

    (1) Kanyakumari
    (2) Rameswaram
    (3) Dhanushkodi
    (4) Indira Point
    Answer: (4) Indira Point
    The southernmost point of India is Indira Point.

    Question: The northern part of the west coast is known as

    (1) Coromandal coast
    (2) Malabar coast
    (3) Konkan coast
    (4) Northern circars
    Answer: (3) Konkan coast
    The northern part of the west caost is known as Konkan Coast The Western Coastal Plain lies between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The southern part of the west coast is known as Malabar Coast.

    Question: Central Highlands of Indian peninsular block are formed of

    (1) Sedimentary and metamorphic rocks
    (2) Igneous and sedimentary rocks
    (3) Igneous and metamorphic rocks
    (4) Sedimentary rocks
    Answer: (3) Igneous and metamorphic rocks
    The Peninsular region is divided into the two parts by westward flowing Narmada river : (a) the Central Highlands and (b) the Deccan Plateau. The Central Highlands make the northern part of the peninsular block. These highlands are made up of hard igneous and metamorphic rocks.

    Question: In which State is the Guru Shikhar peak located ?

    (1) Rajasthan
    (2) Gujarat
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer: (1) Rajasthan
    Guru Shikhar Peak is the highest peak of the state of Rajasthan (1722 metres).

    Question: Which of the following States has longest coastline in India?

    (1) Tamil Nadu
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Gujarat
    (4) Andhra Pradesh
    Answer: (3) Gujarat
    State Coastline
    Tamil Nadu — 720 km
    Karnataka — 400 km
    Gujarat — 1600 km
    Andhra Pradesh — 960 km

    Question: Indira Point is the southern most tip of :

    (1) Maldives
    (2) Laccadives
    (3) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    (4) Dhanushkodi
    Answer: (3) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    Indira Point is the southern most point of the Nicobar island located on the Great Nicobar Island.

    Question: Chilka lake is located in :

    (1) Orissa 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Rajasthan 
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer: (1) Orissa 
    Chilka lake is located in Odisha. It is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and
    Ganjam districts of Odisha on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing in to the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1,100 sq.km.

    Question: The highest peak in India is

    (1) Kamet
    (2) Nandakot
    (3) Nanda Devi
    (4) K2 (Godwin Austen)
    Answer: (4) K2 (Godwin Austen)
    The highest peak in India is K2 (Godwin Austen). It is 8,611 metre high.

    Question: ‘Saddle Peak’ the highest peak of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is located in

    (1) Great Nicobar
    (2) Middle Andaman
    (3) Little Andaman
    (4) North Andaman
    Answer: (4) North Andaman
    Saddle Peak is located on North Andaman Island in India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands. it is the highest point of the archipelago in the Gulf of Bengal.

    Question: India’s area is about.....times larger than Pakistan.

    (1) 3 
    (2) 4
    (3) 6 
    (4) 9
    Answer: (2) 4
    India’s area of 3,287,263 square kilometers is 4.12 times larger than Pakistan’s 796,095 square
    kilometres. India is 6.5 times bigger than Pakistan by population

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