Indian Geography GK Quiz-6

Indian Geography GK Quiz-6

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The place Sabarimala is situated in which of the following States?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Tamil Nadu
    (3) Kerala
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer: (3) Kerala
    Sabarimala is a famous pilgrim centre situated on a hilltop amid sylvan surroundings in Kerala. About 50 million devotees visit this shrine, the abode of Lord Dharmasastha during November-January every year.

    Question: Which Himalayan Peak is also called ‘Sagar Matha’ ?

    (1) Nanga Parbat
    (2) Dhaulagiri
    (3) Mt. Everest
    (4) Kanchenjunga
    Answer: (3) Mt. Everest
    Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world is also called ‘Sagar Matha’. Its height is 8,848 metres.

    Question: A narrow strip of land that connects two larger land masses is called

    (1) Strait 
    (2) Peninsula
    (3) Cape 
    (4) Isthmus
    Answer: (4) Isthmus
    An isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas, usually with water on  eitherside. A strait is the sea counterpart of isthmus.

    Question: Tiny marine animals which constitute limestone skeletons are called

    (1) Clamitomonous
    (2) Foraminifera
    (3) Coral reefs
    (4) Diatoms
    Answer: (3) Coral reefs
    Coral reefs are underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of tiny animals found in marine waters that contain few nutrients. Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, which in turn consist of polyps that cluster in groups.

    Question: The highest mountain peak in Peninsular India is

    (1) Anaimudi 
    (2) Dodabetta
    (3) Mahendragiri 
    (4) Nilgiris
    Answer: (1) Anaimudi 
    The highest peak of Peninsular India is Anaimudi (2695 m) in Anaimalai Hills. It is located in Kerala in the Western Ghats.

    Question: The Greater Himalayas is otherwise called as

    (1) Himadri
    (2) Sahyadri
    (3) Assam Himalayas
    (4) Siwaliks
    Answer: (1) Himadri
    The Himalayas is divided into three major geographical entities, the Himadri (greater Himalaya), Himanchal (lesser Himalaya) and the Siwaliks (outer Himalaya). These divisions extend almost uninterrupted throughout its length and are separated by major geological fault lines.

    Question: The highest waterfall of India is in the state of

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Assam
    (3) Maharashtra
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer: (4) Karnataka
    Kunchikal Falls are the highest waterfalls in India and second highest waterfalls in Asia. They are located near Agumbe in Shimoga district of state of Karnataka. Kumchikal falls are formed by Varahi River.

    Question: Which of the following is referred to as ‘Young Fold Mountains’ ?

    (1) Aravallis 
    (2) Nilgiris
    (3) Himalayas 
    (4) Vindhyas
    Answer: (3) Himalayas 
    The Himalayas are known to be young fold mountains. They are considered young because they have been formed relatively recently in the earth’s history, compared to older mountains such as the Aravalis.

    Question: Which is the highest plateau in India ?

    (1) Deccan Plateau
    (2) Chota Nagpur Plateau
    (3) Ladakh Plateau
    (4) Baghelkhand Plateau
    Answer: (3) Ladakh Plateau
    The largest and highest plateau in India as well as the world is the Tibetan Plateau, called the “roof of the world”, which is still being formed by the collisions of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian tectonic plates. In all, the Tibetan plateau covers an area of some 2.5 million square kilometres, approximately 5000 m above sea level.

    Question: The easternmost peak of the Himalayas is

    (1) Namcha Barwa
    (2) Annapurna
    (3) Kanchenjunga
    (4) Mount Everest
    Answer: (1) Namcha Barwa
    Namcha Barwa, a mountain in the Tibetan Himalaya, is the eastern anchor of the entire Himalayan mountain chain. It is the highest peak of its own section as well as Earth’s easternmost peak over 7,600 metres. It stands inside the Great Bend of the Yarlung Tsangpo River as the river enters its notable gorge across the Himalaya, emerging as the Dihang and becoming the Brahmaputra.

    Question: Metamorphism changes rocks’

    (1) structure
    (2) texture
    (3) both (1) and (2)
    (4) actual chemical composition
    Answer: (3) both (1) and (2)
    The word “Metamorphism” comes from the Greek: Meta = change, Morph = form, so metamorphism means to change form. The process of metamorphism is one that changes or alters either the mineralogy (structure) or the texture, but typically both, of some pre-existing rock. Metamorphic rocks are consequently rocks that have undergone a change or “metamorphosis” from a previous state as a sedimentary, igneous or even another metamorphic rock.

    Question: What is the total area of India ?

    (1) 8,511,965 sq. km
    (2) 3,897,950 sq. km
    (3) 5,926,780 sq. km
    (4) 3,287,590 sq. km
    Answer: (4) 3,287,590 sq. km
    The total geographical area of India is 3,287,590 km² which makes her the seventh-largest country in the world. India measures 3,214 km from north to south and 2,933 km from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km and a coastline of 7,517 km.

    Question: The two richest Eco-zones of India are

    (1) The Himalayas and Vindhyas
    (2) The Himalayas and Eastern Ghats
    (3) The Himalayas and Western Ghats
    (4) The Himalayas and Aravallis
    Answer: (3) The Himalayas and Western Ghats
    The Himalayas and,the Western Ghats are known for rich biodiversity they support. Several species of eiidemic plant and animal are found in these zones. After Africa, Indian peninsula has the richest diversity of life forms on the face of the Earth.

    Question: How many islands are there in Lakshadweep ?

    (1) 17 
    (2) 27
    (3) 36 
    (4) 47
    Answer: (3) 36 
    Lakshadweep is an archipelago consisting of 36 islands with an area of 32 sq km. an Union Territory, it is comprised of 12 atolls, three reefs, five submerged banks and ten inhabited islands The name Lakshadweep in Malayalam and Sanskrit means 'a hundred thousand islands'.

    Question: Which ot the following statements is correct ?

    (1) Mahadeo hills are in the west of Maikala hills.
    (2) Mahadeo hills are the part of Karnataka Plateau.
    (3) Mahadeo hills are in the east of Chhotahagpur Plateau
    (4) Mahadeo hills are the part of Aravalli ranges.
    Answer: (1) Mahadeo hills are in the west of Maikala hills.
    The Mahadeo Hills are a range of hills in Madhya Pradesh which form the central part of the Satpura Range. As evident from the map given below, they are situated to the west of Maikal Hills.

    Question: Niyamgiri hill is located in Kalahandi district ?

    (1) Orissa 
    (2) West Bengal
    (3) Punjab 
    (4) Kerala
    Answer: (1) Orissa 
    The Niyamgiri is a hill range situated in the districts of Kalahandi and Rayagada in Odisha. These hills are home to Dongria Kondh indigenous people. In recent times these hills are in media discussions due to the conflict of inhabitant tribals and Bauxite Mining Project by Vedanta Aluminium Company.

    Question: Pachmarhi biosphere reserve is in

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Arunachal Pradesh
    (3) Himachal Pradesh
    (4) Madhya Pradesh
    Answer: (4) Madhya Pradesh
    The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve is a non-use conservation area and biosphere reserve in the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh. It is located within Hoshangabad, Betul, and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh. UNESCO designated it as a biosphere reserve in 2009.

    Question: Which hill station’s name means ‘place of the thunderbolt’ ?

    (1) Gangtok 
    (2) Shillong
    (3) Oottacamand 
    (4) Darjeeling
    Answer: (4) Darjeeling
    The name Darjeeling comes from the Tibetan word ‘dorje,’ meaning the thunderbolt scepter of the Hindu deity Indra, and ling, a place or land. So it means ‘place of the thunderbolt.’ Located in the Mahabharata Range or Lesser Himalaya, Darjeeling is situated in West Bengal.

    Question: Palk Strait is situated between

    (1) India and Pakistan
    (2) India and Bangladesh
    (3) India and Sri Lanka
    (4) India and Myanmar
    Answer: (3) India and Sri Lanka
    The Palk Strait is a strait between Tamil Nadu and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. It connects the Bay of Bengal in the northeast with the Palk Bay and then with the Gulf of Mannar in the southwest. The strait is named after Robert Palk, the governor of Madras Presidency during 1755- 1763.

    Question: To conserve coral reefs the Government of India declared one of the following as Marine Park :

    (1) Andaman Islands
    (2) Gulf of Kutch
    (3) Lakshadweep Islands
    (4) Gulf of Mannar
    Answer: (2) Gulf of Kutch
    The government of India, in 1982, declared a core area of 110 km2 in the Gulf of Kutch as Marine National Park for the conservation of coral reefs. It is situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kachchh in the Jamnagar District of Gujarat. There are 42 islands on the Jamnagar coast in the Marine National Park, most of them surrounded by reefs. The coral formations of the Gulf of Kutch represent one of the extreme northern limits of corals in the Indian Ocean.

    Question: The headquarters of the Survey of India Department is located at:

    (1) Jaipur 
    (2) Dehradun
    (3) Hyderabad 
    (4) New Delhi
    Answer: (2) Dehradun
    The Survey of India is headquartered at Dehra Dun, Uttarakhand. It is India's central engineering agency in charge of mapping and surveying. Set up in 1767 to help consolidate the territories of the British East India Company, it is one of the oldest Engineering Departments of the Government of India.

    Question: Which of the following states having longest coastline in India?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Gujarat
    Answer: (4) Gujarat
    Gujarat, in the northwestern region of India, has the longest coastline, covering more than 1,600 km. It accounts for 22% of total coastline of the country. Its coast is bordered by the Arabian Sea and the Gulfs of Khambat and Kachchh. Its coastline nurtures a diversity of habitats, especially mangroves, salt marshes, coral reefs, wetlands, and sea grasses.

    Question: Which of the following is formed out of volcanic eruptions in India?

    (1) Deccan Plateau
    (2) Lakshadweep Islands
    (3) Western Ghats
    (4) Himalayas
    Answer: (1) Deccan Plateau
    The Deccan Plateau is made up of lava flows origneous rocks known as the Deccan Traps. The rocks are spread over the whole of Maharashtra and parts of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, thereby making it one of the largest volcanic provinces in the world. The Deccan traps formed between 60 and 68 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period.

    Question: The plateau that has both West and East flowing drainage system is

    (1) Malwa
    (2) Chota Nagpur
    (3) Ranchi
    (4) Hazaribagh
    Answer: (1) Malwa
    The Malwa Plateau roughly forms a triangle based on the Vindhyan Hills, bounded by the Aravalli Range in the west and Madhya Bharat Pathar to the north and Bundelkhand to the east. It has two systems of drainage; one towards the Arabian sea (The Narmada, the Tapi and the Mahi), and the other towards the Bay of Bengal (Chambal and Betwa, joining the Yamuna).

    Question: Tropic of Cancer passes through which of the following Indian states ?

    (1) Bihar, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram
    (2) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram
    (3) Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram
    (4) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal
    Answer: (3) Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram
    The Tropic of Cancer passes through the following eight states in India: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram.

    Question: A tropical deciduous plant special to the Deccan plateau is

    (1) Teak
    (2) Shisam
    (3) Sandalwood
    (4) Sal
    Answer: (3) Sandalwood
    Teak, Sal, Sandalwood, Shisham and Mahua are some of the tropical deciduous trees that extend from the Shiwalik ranges in the north to the eastern flanks of the Western Ghats in the peninsular India. Among them, sandalwood is native to the Deccan plateau. The total extent of its distribution is approximately 9000 km2 of which 8200 km2 is located in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It grows particularly in Mysore and Coimbatore where it prefers hard rock, ferruginous soil—the conditions that produce a richer scent in the tree.

    Question:  If in the east it is Guhar Moti, in north it is Siachen Glacier, then in south it is:

    (1) Kuttanad
    (2) Kanyakumari
    (3) Rameshwaram
    (4) Indira point
    Answer: (4) Indira point
    Guhar Moti is the western-most inhabited village in India, in Kutch district in Gujarat. Siachen Glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains, marks the northern extremity of India. Similarly, Indira Point located in the Nicobar district of Andaman and Nicobar Island, marks the southernmost point of India’s territory.

    Question: Which of the following rock formations resulted in Eastern Ghats?

    (1) Charnockites, bauxite, granite gneiss and quartzite rock
    (2) Khondalites, bauxite, granite gneiss, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock
    (3) Charnockites, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock
    (4) Charnockites, granite gneiss, quartzite rock, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses
    Answer: (4) Charnockites, granite gneiss, quartzite rock, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses
    The Eastern Ghats are made up of charnockites, granite gneiss, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock formations. The structure of the Eastern Ghats includes thrusts and strike-slip faults all along its range. Limestone, bauxite and iron ore are found in the Eastern Ghats hill ranges.

    Question: The Himalayas are also known by the name

    (1) ancient mountains
    (2) fold mountains
    (3) valley mountains
    (4) Indus mountains
    Answer: (2) fold mountains
    The Himalayas are examples of fold mountains that are created where two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates are pushed together. The Himalayan mountain ranges were formed as result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The Arakan Yoma highlands in Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal were also formed as a result of this collision.

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