Indian Geography GK Quiz-7

Indian Geography GK Quiz-7

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which river originates from the Amarkantak plateau?

    (1) Narmada river
    (2) Son river
    (3) Betwa river
    (4) Godavari river
    Answer: (1) Narmada river
    The source of the Narmada is a small bowl, known as the Narmada Kund, located at Amarkantak on the Amarkantak hill in the Anuppur District zone of eastern Madhya Pradesh.The river moves down from the Amarkantak range at the Kapildhara waterfalls and then flows in a rift valley between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges.

    Question: The outermost range of Himalaya is called

    (1) Kali 
    (2) Shiwalik
    (3) Dehradun 
    (4) Kumaon
    Answer: (2) Shiwalik
    The Sivalik Hills is the outermost range of the Himalayas. Also known as Manak Parbat, it located in between the Great Plains and Lesser or Middle Himalayas. This range is about 2,400 km long enclosing an area that starts almost from the Indus and ends close to the Brahmaputra, with a gap of about 90 kilometres between the Teesta and Raidak rivers in Assam.

    Question: Continuous chain of mountains that rise abruptly more or less parallel to the coastline of India is

    (1) Aravalli
    (2) Satpura
    (3) Eastern ghats
    (4) Western ghats
    Answer: (4) Western ghats
    Western Ghats (also known as Sahyadri) is a continuous mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula. It abruptly rises as a sheer wall to an average elevation of 1,000 m from the Western Coastal Plain. But, they slope gently on their eastern flank and hardly appear to be a mountain when viewed from the Deccan tableland. They are steep-sided, terraced, hills presenting a stepped topography facing the Arabian Sea coast.

    Question: India shares longest international boundary with which country?

    (1) Bangladesh
    (2) China
    (3) Nepal 
    (4) Bhutan
    Answer: (1) Bangladesh
    Bangladesh and India share a 4,096-kilometer-long international border, the longest border that India shares with any country. It is fifth-longest land border in the world, including 262 km in Assam, 856 km in Tripura, 180 km in Mizoram, 443 km in Meghalaya, and 2,217 km in Bengal. The border demarcates the six divisions of Bangladesh and the Indian states.

    Question: The Himalayas is the example of

    (1) Fold mountains
    (2) Block mountains
    (3) Ancient mountains
    (4) Residual mountains
    Answer: (1) Fold mountains
    The Himalayas is an example of Fold mountains that are created where two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates are pushed together. At these colliding, compressing boundaries, rocks and debris are warped and folded into rocky outcrops, hills, mountains, and entire mountain ranges. Besides, Andes, and Alps are all active fold mountains.

    Question: Which of the following areas or regions is most prone to earthquakes?

    (1) Deccan Plateau
    (2) Ganga-Brahmaputra Valley
    (3) Plains of northern India
    (4) Western Ghats
    Answer: (2) Ganga-Brahmaputra Valley
    The Ganga-Brahmaputra basin is a high earthquake risk zone. It comes under Zone 5 covers the areas with the highest risks zone that suffers earthquakes of intensity MSK IX or greater. Experts warn that as many as a million deaths could be expected on the Ganges and Brahmaputra plain, as the southern flank of the Himalayas has not been active enough over past centuries to release the energy accumulated by the upward movement of the Indian plate.

    Question: Which country is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar?

    (1) Bangladesh 
    (2) Myanmar
    (3) Sri Lanka 
    (4) Pakistan
    Answer: (3) Sri Lanka 
    Sri Lanka is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar (a large shallow bay forming part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean) and Palk Strait (a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of Sri Lanka). It is located in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal.

    Question: Where do the Western and Eastern Ghats meet?

    (1) Nilgiri hills
    (2) Cardamom hills
    (3) Palani hills
    (4) Annamalai hills
    Answer: (1) Nilgiri hills
    The Nilgiri Hills or the Blue mountains form the meeting point of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. These hills are part of the Western Ghats. They are separated from the Karnataka Plateau (north) by the Noyar River and from the Anaimalai and Palni hills (south) by the Palghat Gap.

    Question: The longest sea beach in India is

    (1) Chapora beach
    (2) Diu beach
    (3) Aksa beach
    (4) Marina beach
    Answer: (4) Marina beach
    Marina Beach, a natural urban beach in Chennai, is the longest beach of India with a length of 6.5 km. The beach runs from near Fort St. George in the north to Foreshore Estate in the south. It is the second longest beach in the world after Praia do Cassino beach of Brazil.

    Question: Nandadevi peak is located in _____ State

    (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Uttarakhand
    (3) Uttar Pradesh
    (4) Sikkim
    Answer: (2) Uttarakhand
    Nanda Devi is part of the Garhwal Himalayas, and is located in Uttarakhand, between the Rishiganga valley on the west and the Goriganga valley on the east. The peak, whose name means “Bliss-Giving Goddess”, is regarded as the patron-goddess of the Uttarakhand Himalaya. It is the second highest mountain in India, and the highest located entirely within the country.

    Question: The Andaman is separated from Nicobar by which water body?

    (1) 11° channel
    (2) 10° Channel
    (3) Palk Strait
    (4) Gulf of Mannar
    Answer: (2) 10° Channel
    The Ten Degree Channel is a channel that separates the Little Andaman and Car Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal. The two sets of islands together form the Indian Union Territory (UT) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The channel is so named as it lies on the 10- degree line of latitude, north of the equator.

    Question: The range that acts as watershed between India and Turkistan is

    (1) Zaskar 
    (2) Kailash
    (3) Karakoram
    (4) Ladakh
    Answer: (3) Karakoram
    The Great Karakoram range, also known as Krishnagiri, forms India’s frontiers with Afghanistan and China and acts as watershed between India and Turkestan. It extends eastwards from the Pamir for about 800 km. It is the northern most range of the Trans Himalayan ranges in India.

    Question: The northern part of the west coast in India is known as

    (1) Konkan coast
    (2) Coromandel coast
    (3) Malabar coast
    (4) Godavari Coast
    Answer: (1) Konkan coast
    Konkan, also known as the Konkan Coast or Kokan, is the northern section of the western coast of India. It is a 720-km long coastline. It consists of the coastal districts of western Indian states of Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra. The Southern part of the western coast from Goa to Kanyakumari is called Malabar Coast.

    Question: The mountain range which divides the North and the South India is

    (1) Himalayas
    (2) Western ghats
    (3) Vindhyas
    (4) Satpura
    Answer: (3) Vindhyas
    The Vindhya Range is considered as the traditional boundary between North India and South India. It is a complex, discontinuous chain of mountain ridges, hill ranges, and plateau escarpments in westcentral India. It runs north of and roughly parallel to the Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh and extends up to Gujarat in the west, and Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in the east.

    Question: Mount Abu is a hill station located in _____ ranges.

    (1) Vindhya 
    (2) Satpuda
    (3) Aravalli 
    (4) Sahyadri
    Answer: (3) Aravalli 
    Mount Abu is a popular hill station in the Aravalli Range in Sirohi district of Rajasthan near the border with Gujarat. The mountain forms a distinct rocky plateau. The highest peak on the mountain is Guru Shikhar at 1,722 m above sea level. It is referred to as ‘an oasis in the desert’ as its heights are home to rivers, lakes, waterfalls and evergreen forests.

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