Indian Geography GK Quiz-8

Indian Geography GK Quiz-8

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Where is the Headquarters of the Botanical Survey of India located?

    (1) Lucknow 
    (2) Darjeeling
    (3) Kolkata 
    (4) Oottaccamund
    Answer: (3) Kolkata 
    The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is an institution set up by the Government of India in 1887 to
    survey the plant resources of the Indian empire. The Botanical Survey was formally instituted on 13 February 1890 under the direction of Sir George King, who had been superintendent of Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta since 1871. After India’s independence, survey was drawn for the much-needed inventorisation of the country’s rich floral resources, and Dr. E.K. Janaki Ammal was appointed Officer on Special Duty on 14 October, 1952. The reorganisation plan was finally approved by the Government of India on 29 March, 1954 with Calcutta as the headquarters of Botanical Survey of India.

    Question: Where is Indian Institute of Petroleum located ?

    (1) Vishakhapatnam
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Dehradun
    (4) Chennai
    Answer: (3) Dehradun
    The Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), established in 1960, is one of the constituent laboratories of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), dedicated to R&D in the hydrocarbon sector. Spread over a campus of 257-acre (1.04 km2), it is situated in Dehradun, the capital of Uttarakhand state, on National Highway 72 (NH 72). Established through an act of parliament in the year 1959, it started in New Delhi in 1960 and finally in Dehradun since 1963.

    Question: Which cities were first connected by the STD services?

    (1) Delhi and Mumbai
    (2) Delhi and Kolkata
    (3) Kanpur and Delhi
    (4) Kanpur and Lucknow
    Answer: (4) Kanpur and Lucknow
    STD service commissioned between Kanpur and Lucknow in 1960.Subscriber Trunk Dialing (STD) service, started in 1960, is now available in more than 19500 stations in the country. All the district headquarters and more than 97 per cent of the Subdivisional headquarters are having STD facility. International Subscriber Dialing Services started in 1976 between Mumbai and London is now available from every corner of the country to almost all the countries in the world.

    Question: Which city is referred to as the ‘Silicon Valley of India’?

    (1) Mumbai 
    (2) Chennai
    (3) Hyderabad 
    (4) Bangalore
    Answer: (4) Bangalore
    The Silicon Valley of India is a nickname of the Indian city of Bangalore. As Bangalore is on the Mysore Plateau, the area is also sometimes referred to as “Silicon Plateau”. The name signifies Bangalore’s status as a hub for information technology (IT) companies in India and is a comparative reference to the original Silicon Valley, based around Santa Clara Valley, California, a major hub for IT companies in the United States. One of the earliest mentions of this sobriquet occurred in late 1980s in the Indian Express.

    Question: Of the following, the town which does not come within the National Capital Region is ?

    (1) Panipat 
    (2) Rohtak
    (3) Khurja 
    (4) Mathura
    Answer: (4) Mathura
    The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is a name for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi as well as urban areas ringing it in neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh (UP) provides a 32% (10,853 sq. kms.) of the NCR. It borders Delhi on the east and forms the eastern territory of the NCR. Meerut is the second largest city in NCR. The districts of the state included in NCR (with their 2011 Census populations) are: Meerut, Baghpat, Bulandshahar, Ghaziabad, and Gautam Buddha Nagar District (Noida and Greater Noida). 

    Question: Who was the first Indian woman to scale Mt. Everest?

    (1) Bachendri Pal
    (2) Fu Dorji
    (3) Aun Sang Suu Kyi
    (4) Yoko Ono
    Answer: (1) Bachendri Pal
    Bachendri Pal is an Indian mountaineer, the first Indian and the fifth woman in the world to climb
    Mount Everest. She scaled the highest mountain peak of the world in 1984. She continued to be active
    after ascending the highest peak in the world. In 1985, she led an Indo-Nepalese Everest Expedition
    team comprising only women. The expedition created seven world records and set benchmarks for Indian mountaineering. Nine years later, in 1994, she led an all women team of rafters.

    Question: Which of the following is called the ‘shrimp capital of India’ ?

    (1) Mangalore 
    (2) Nagapatnam
    (3) Kochi 
    (4) Nellore
    Answer: (4) Nellore
    Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have developed shrimp in a big way. The Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh is known as the ‘Shrimp Capital of India’.

    Question: Where is National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) located?

    (1) Chandigarh 
    (2) Bhavnagar
    (3) Pune 
    (4) Panaji
    Answer: (3) Pune 
    The National Chemical Laboratory (NCL) is an Indian government laboratory based in Pune, in western India. Popularly known as NCL, a constituent member of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) India, it was established in 1950. There are approximately 200 scientific staff working here. The interdisciplinary research center has a wide research scope and specializes in polymer science, organic chemistry, catalysis, materials chemistry, chemical engineering, biochemical sciences and process development. It houses good infrastructure for measurement science and chemical information.

    Question: According to a study conducted by Hyderbad’s National Institute of Nutrition, the healthiest of 14 fresh fruits commonly consumed in India with maximum ‘Goodness Index’ is :

    (1) Indian Plum
    (2) Mango 
    (3) Guava
    (4) Custard apple
    Answer: (3) Guava
    The humble guava is the healthiest fruit for the human body, while the pineapple is at the bottom of this index. The first-of-its-kind research to evaluate the amount of natural antioxidant levels of 14 fresh fruits commonly consumed in India has come up with surprising revelations. Guava came in at the top, followed by the Indian plum. Mango, pomegranate, custard apple and apple are among the other fruits that offer the highest amount of antioxidants. The study – conducted by Hyderabad’s National Institute of Nutrition – found that pineapple, banana, papaya, water melon and grapes had the least amount of antioxidants. Antioxidants play a crucial role in preventing cellular damage – the common reason for aging, cancer and several degenerative diseases.

    Question: The district which is not part of National Capital Region is

    (1) Muzaffarnagar
    (2) Bulandshahar
    (3) Panipat
    (4) Rewari
    Answer: (1) Muzaffarnagar
    The National Capital Region in India is a name for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire Delhi as well as urban areas ringing it in neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. The districts of Haryana included in NCR are: Gurgaon, Jhajjar, Sonipat, Panipat, Faridabad, and Rewari; and those from Uttar Pradesh are: Meerut, Baghpat, Bulandshahr, Ghaziabad, and Gautam Buddha Nagar District (Noida and Greater Noida).

    Question: Which of the following districts lies to the east of the district Farukhabad?

    (1) Hardoi 
    (2) Etawah
    (3) Badaun 
    (4) Jalaun
    Answer: (1) Hardoi 
    Farrukhabad is bounded by Badaun and Shahjahanpur on the north, Hardoi District on the east,
    Kannauj District on the south, and Etah and Mainpuri districts on the west. The Ganges River and
    Ramganga River are located to the east and the Kali River to the south.

    Question: Which of the following districts lies to the north of the district Pratapgarh?

    (1) Fatehpur 
    (2) Sultanpur
    (3) Banda 
    (4) Allahabad
    Answer: (2) Sultanpur
    Pratapgarh in Uttar Pradesh is bounded on the north by the district of Sultanpur, on the south by
    Allahabad, on the east by Jaunpur, on the west by Fatehpur and north-east by Rae Bareli. In the southwest the Ganges forms the boundary of the district for about 50 kilometres.

    Question: The present name of ‘Kamarupa’ is

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Bengal 
    (4) Manipur
    Answer: (1) Assam 
    Kamarupa, also called Pragjyotisha, was the first historical kingdom in Assam that existed between 350 and 1140 CE i.e. for almost 800 years. Though the historical kingdom disappeared by 12th century to be replaced by smaller political entities, the notion of Kamarupa persisted and ancient and medieval chroniclers continued to call this region by this name. The name of this kingdom survives in Kamarupa, a present-day district in Assam.

    Question: Which of the following sites has been included in UNESCO’s list of world Heritage Sites ?

    (1) Chilka Lake
    (2) Dal Lake
    (3) Nagin Lake
    (4) Sunderbans National Park
    Answer: (4) Sunderbans National Park
    The Sundarbans National Park, the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world is a National Park, Tiger Reserve, UNESCO World Heritage Site and a Biosphere Reserve located in the Sundarbans Ganges river delta bordering the Bay of Bengal, in West Bengal. It is also on the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

    Question: Which one of the following is known as the ‘Pearl City’ ?

    (1) Kandla 
    (2) Tuticorin
    (3) Kochi 
    (4) Hyderabad
    Answer: (4) Hyderabad
    Hyderabad is known as the "City of Pearls" on account of its role in the pearl trade. Until the 18th century the city was the only global trading centre for large diamonds.

    Question: The famous tourist centre Mahabalipuram is located near:

    (1) Bombay 
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Chennai 
    (4) Calcutta
    Answer: (3) Chennai 
    Mahabalipuram is located about 55 km south of Chennai. It is famous for the rock-cut temples, the famous Arjuna Ratha, Draupadi Ratha and Dharmaraja Chariot.

    Question: The heavy rains and cloudbursts during summer of 2013 devastated around 2000 villages, 1500 roads and 150 bridges in the State of

    (1) Meghalaya
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Odisha
    (4) Uttarakhand
    Answer: (4) Uttarakhand
    In June 2013, a multi-day cloudburst centered on Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides in the country’s worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami. As of 16 July 2013, according to figures provided by the Uttarakhand government, more than 5,700 people were “presumed dead.”

    Question: Which of the following is not a notable industrial city ?

    (1) Kanpur 
    (2) Mumbai
    (3) Jamshedpur 
    (4) Allahabad
    Answer: (4) Allahabad
    Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, is more an historical, religious and educational centre, than being an industrial city. The city’s original name – Prayag--comes from its position at the sacred union of the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati. It is the second-oldest city in India. Kanpur (famous for leather industry; known as Manchester of the East), Mumbai (diverse industries) and Jamshedpur (steel) come under the list of India’s notable cities in terms of industrial output and employment generation.

    Question: The first short based integrated steel plant in the country is

    (1) Vijaynagar
    (2) Salem
    (3) Vishakhapatnam
    (4) Bhadravati
    Answer: (3) Vishakhapatnam
    The question should have been on ‘shore’and not ‘short.’ Visakhapatnam Steel Plant - popularly known as Vizag Steel is the first Shore based Integrated Steel Plant in the country. Set up in 1971, it is the most advanced steel producer in India. It is the largest single site plant in India and Asia Minor.

    Question: Which place is called as ‘‘Silicon Valley’’ of India ?

    (1) Delhi 
    (2) Pune
    (3) Bengaluru 
    (4) Hyderabad
    Answer: (3) Bengaluru 
    The Silicon Valley of India is a nickname of Bangalore. The name signifies Bangalore’s status as
    a hub for information technology (IT) companies in India and is a comparative reference to the original
    Silicon Valley, based around Santa Clara Valley, California, USA.

    Question: Who was the creator of the famous Rock Garden of Chandigarh?

    (1) Khushwant Singh
    (2) Charles Corbusier
    (3) Edward Baker
    (4) Nek Chand
    Answer: (4) Nek Chand
    The Rock Garden of Chandigarh is a sculpture garden that was created by Nek Chand, a government official who started it secretly in his spare time in 1957. It is also known as Nek Chand’s Rock Garden. Today it is spread over an area of 40 acres. It is completely built of industrial and home waste items.

    Question: The atomic power station in Rajasthan is situated at :

    (1) Pokhran 
    (2) Suratgarh
    (3) Rawatbhata
    (4) Chittorgarh
    Answer: (3) Rawatbhata
    The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS) is located at Rawatbhata in Chittorgarh district of the state. Commissioned on 16 December 1973, it is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India. Currently, RAPS has six Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) units operating with a total installed capacity of 1,180MW.

    23. The Wheeler Island has been renamed as

    (1) Vikram Sarabhai Island
    (2) Satish Dhawan Island
    (3) Abdul Kalam Island
    (4) C.V. Raman Island
    Answer: (3) Abdul Kalam Island
    Wheeler Island, an island off the coast of Odisha, was renamed as Dr. Abdul Kalam Island in September 2015. The Integrated Test Range missile testing facility is located on the island. It was there that Kalam tested scores of missiles.

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