Indian Geography GK Quiz-9

Indian Geography GK Quiz-9

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: In which of the following states wheat is not produced ?

    (1) Maharashtra 
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Tamil Nadu 
    (4) West Bengal
    Answer: (3) Tamil Nadu 
    India is today the second largest wheat producer in the whole world. The major wheat producing states in India are placed in the northern part of the country. About 86 per cent of the India’s wheat production comes from 5 states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh while three northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana together supply about 72 per cent of the country’s wheat output. Tamil Nadu has not been known for wheat cultivation.

    Question: Pruning is an essential part in cultivation of :

    (1) Rubber 
    (2) Tobacco
    (3) Coffee 
    (4) Tea
    Answer: (4) Tea
    Plucking and pruning are the methods employed in tea. Pruning is a vital operation for tea management to limit the top growth and to stimulate the growth of the bush. Pruning is a process to the tea bush at a certain height to control the vertical growth and allow it expanding horizontally for comfortable plucking with renewed and vigorous branching pattern. Some objectives of pruning are: to check the reproductive growth and provide stimulus for vegetative growth especially for the production of young shoot that constitute the crop; to remove the dead wear and unproductive wood; to renew the actively growing branches which can support the sufficient volume of maintenance foliage on it; to maintain the height and dead frame for economic plucking; to increase the growth hormone for vegetative growth; to derive store energy for the production of the growing shoot; and to reduce the incidence of pest and diseases which help to rejuvenate the bushes for the maximum cross production.

    Question: The maximum area under crops in India is used for the cultivation of :

    (1) Wheat 
    (2) Rice
    (3) Sugarcane 
    (4) Cotton
    Answer: (2) Rice
    Rice production in India is an important part of the national economy. India is one of the world’s largest producer of white rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production. India has the biggest area under rice cultivation, as it is one of the principal food crops. It is in fact the dominant crop of the country. The regions cultivating this crop in India is distinguished as the western coastal strip, the eastern coastal strip, covering all the primary deltas, Assam plains and surrounding low hills, foothills and Terai region- along the Himalayas and states like West Bengal, Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh, eastern Madhya Pradesh, northern Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. India, being a land of eternal growing season, and the deltas of Kaveri River, Krishna River, Godavari River and Mahanadi River with a thick set-up of canal irrigation, permits farmers to raise two, and in some pockets, even three crops a year.

    Question: The variety of coffee largely grown in India is :

    (1) Old Chicks 
    (2) Coorgs
    (3) Arabica 
    (4) Kents
    Answer: (3) Arabica 
    Coffee production in India is dominated in the hill tracts of South Indian states, with the state of Karnataka accounting 53% followed by Kerala 28% and Tamil Nadu 11% of production of 8,200 tonnes. Indian coffee is said to be the finest coffee grown in the shade rather than direct sunlight anywhere in the world. The four well known varieties of coffee grown are the Barista, Arabica, Robusta, the first variety that was introduced in the Baba Budan Giri hill ranges of Karnataka in the 17th century.

    Question: Under which plan did the Government introduce an agricultural strategy which gave rise to Green Revolution?

    (1) Sixth Five-Year Plan (FYP)
    (2) Second FYP
    (3) Fourth FYP
    (4) Third FYP
    Answer: (4) Third FYP
    The Introduction of High-yielding varieties of seeds and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation are known collectively as the Green Revolution, which provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains, thus improving agriculture in India. Genetically modified high-yielding wheat was first introduced to India in 1963 by Dr. Norman Borlaug. Third Five-Year Plan (1961–1966) stressed on agriculture and improvement in the production of wheat. Past experience with the previous two Plans had convinced the policy makers that rate of agricultural growth was the main hampering factor on the path to development. The Plan document thus declared that, ‘Agricultural production has, therefore, to be increased to the largest extent feasible.’

    Question: The production of onion is the hightest in

    (1) Uttar Pradesh
    (2) Madhya Pradesh
    (3) Maharashtra
    (4) Andhra Pradesh
    Answer: (3) Maharashtra
    Amongst the onion producing countries in the world India ranks second in area and production, the first being China. Maharashtra is the leading onion producing state in India. The other major states producing onions are Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Karnataka. In India per hectare yield is highest in Maharashtra (21.55 MT/ha) followed by Gujarat (21.24 MT/ha), Haryana (20.37 MT/ha) and Rajasthan (15.24 MT/ha).

    Question: Which of the following is not a Kharif crop ?

    (1) Rice 
    (2) Wheat
    (3) Sugarcane 
    (4) Cotton
    Answer: (2) Wheat
    Kharif crop refers to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such crops are planted for autumn harvest and may also be called the summer or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the southwest monsoon season. Examples include Millet, Paddy, etc. Rice is the main kharif crop. Other Kharif crops are sugarcane & cotton. Wheat is rabi crop.

    Question: Which of the following States has the largest concentration of tea plantation in India ?

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Meghalaya
    (4) Arunachal Pradesh
    Answer: (1) Assam 
    India is one of the largest tea producers in the world, though over 70% of the tea is consumed within India itself. A number of renowned teas, such as Assam and Darjeeling, also grow exclusively in India. The major tea-producing states in India are: Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, etc. 78% of the country’s total area under plantation is located in North Eastern India. Out of the total, 53% is existing in Assam and 22% in West Bengal. Assam is the major producer contributing about 53% of the total Indian production followed by West Bengal (about 22%).

    Question: From where did India introduce cultivation of tobacco/tapioca/ pineapple ?

    (1) Pacific Islands
    (2) Africa
    (3) South America
    (4) China
    Answer:
    The Portuguese introduced in India a number of new crops like cashewnut, tobacco, tapioca, pineapple, papaya and many others. They also introduced changes in the cultivation of coconut. Indian tobacco cultivation began in the late 17th century.

    Question: Which amongst the following States does not cultivate wheat ?

    (1) Karnataka 
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) West Bengal 
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (4) Tamil Nadu
    Wheat cultivation in India traditionally been dominated by the northern region of India. The northern states of Punjab and Haryana Plains in India have been prolific wheat producers. While this cereal grass has been studied carefully in the past, recent years of painstaking research by India’s finest scientific talent has paid off with the development of distinctly superior varieties of Durum Wheat. Tamil Nadu does not cultivate wheat.

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