Indian Polity GK Quiz-1

Indian Polity GK Quiz-1

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    1. A federal structure for India was first put forward by the :

    (1) Act of 1909 
    (2) Act of 1919
    (3) Act of 1935 
    (4) Act of 1947
    1. (3) The Government of India Act 1935, the voluminous and final constitutional effort at governing British India, articulated three major goals: establishing a loose federal structure, achieving provincial autonomy, and safeguarding minority interests through separate electorates. The federal provisions, intended to unite princely states and British India at the centre, were not implemented because of ambiguities in safeguarding the existing privileges of princes. In February 1937, however, provincial autonomy became a reality when elections were held.

    2. Which of the following exercised the most profound influence in framing the Indian Constitution?

    (1) British Constitution
    (2) US Constitution
    (3) Irish Constitution
    (4) The Government of India Act, 1935
    2. (4) The most profound influence was exercised by the Government of India Act of 1935. Such features as the federal scheme, office of governor, power of federal judiciary, emergency powers etc were drawn from this Act. The British practice influenced the lawmaking procedures, rule of law, system of single Citizenship, besides, of course, the model of a parliamentary government. The US Constitution inspired details on the independence of judiciary, judicial review, fundamental rights, and the removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges. The Irish Constitution was the source of the Directive Principles, method of Presidential elections, and the nomination of members of Rajya Sabha by the President.

    3. How does the Constitution of India describe India as?

    (1) A federation of States and Union Territories
    (2) A Union of States
    (3) Bharatvarsh
    (4) A federated nation
    3. (2) With its adoption, the Union of India officially became the modern and contemporary Republic of
    India and it replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the country’s fundamental governing
    document. The Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic,
    assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity among them.

    4. The system of judicial review originated in

    (1) India 
    (2) Gemany
    (3) Russia 
    (4) U.S.A.
    4. (4) Judicial review is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review
    (and possible invalidation) by the judiciary. It is an example of the separation of powers in a modern
    governmental system (where the judiciary is one of three branches of government). Is is one of the main
    characteristics of government in the Republic of the United States. In the United States, federal and state courts (at all levels, both appellate and trial) are able to review and declare the “constitutionality”, or agreement with the Constitution (or lack there of) of legislation that is relevant to any case properly within their jurisdiction. In American legal language, “judicial review” refers primarily to the adjudication of constitutionality of statutes, especially by the Supreme Court of the United States.

    5. Preventive detention means–

    (1) detention for interrogation
    (2) detention after interrogation
    (3) detention without interrogation
    (4) detention for cognisable offence.
    5. (3) Preventive detention is an imprisonment that is putatively justified for non-punitive purposes. In
    contrast to this, under preventive detention the government can imprison a person for some time
    without a criminal charge. It means that if the government feels that a person being at liberty can
    be a threat to the law and order or the unity and integrity of the nation, it can detain or arrest that
    person to prevent him from doing this possible harm.

    6. What was the basis for constituting the Constituent Assembly of India ?

    (1) The Resolution of the Indian National Congress
    (2) The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946
    (3) The Indian Independence Act, 1947
    (4) The resolutions of the Provincial/State Legislatures of the Dominion of India
    6. (2) The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India. The Constituent
    Assembly was set up while India was still under British rule, following negotiations between Indian
    leaders and members of the 1946 Cabinet Mission to India from the United Kingdom. The Assembly
    members were elected to it indirectly by the members of the individual provincial legislative assemblies, and initially included representatives for those provinces which came to form part of Pakistan, some of which are now within Bangladesh.

    7. From the Constitution of which country the provision of Federation was borrowed while framing the Constitution of India ?

    (1) USA 
    (2) UK
    (3) Canada 
    (4) Switzerland
    7. (3) Though the basic features of Indian Constitution are based on the Government of India Act, 1935, it has many features which were borrowed from many foreign constitutions. It was from the Canadian
    Constitution that India borrowed a quasi-federal form of government (a federal system with a strong central government) and the idea of Residual Powers.

    8. Who among the following was not a member of the Consti-tuent Assembly established in July 1946 ?

    (1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    (2) K M Munshi
    (3) Mahatma Gandhi
    (4) Abul Kalam Azad
    8. (3) The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India. Some of its prominent members were Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Acharya J.B. Kriplani, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Smt. Sarojini Naidu, Shri Hare-Krushna Mahatab, Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Shri Sarat Chandra Bose, Shri C. Rajagopalachari and Shri M. Asaf Ali.

    9. Who was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution ?

    (1) J. B. Kripalani
    (2) Rajendra Prasad
    (3) J. L. Nehru
    (4) B. R. Ambedkar
    9. (4) On 29 August, 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed, with Dr B. R. Ambedkar as the Chairman along with six other members assisted by a constitutional advisor. These members were
    Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (K M Munshi, Ex- Home Minister, Bombay), Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer (ExAdvocate General, Madras State), N Gopalaswami Ayengar (Ex-Prime Minister, J&K and later member of Nehru Cabinet), B L Mitter (Ex-Advocate General, India), Md. Saadullah (Ex- Chief Minister of Assam, Muslim League member) and D P Khaitan (Scion of Khaitan Business family and a renowned lawyer). The constitutional advisor was Sir Benegal Narsing Rau (who became First Indian Judge in International Court of Justice, 1950–54).

    10. India is a republic because—

    (1) it is democratic country
    (2) It is a parliamentary democracy
    (3) the head of the state is elected for a definite period
    (4) All of these
    10. (3) India is a republic because India elects its supreme head. It is called a republic because of the applicable definition of a republic: a form of government in which representatives are entitled to act on behalf of the people whom they represent.

    11. Who was the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly of India ?

    (1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    (2) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
    (3) Sir B.N. Rao
    (4) Shri K.M. Munshi
    11. (3) Benegal Narsing Rau was an Indian bureaucrat, jurist, diplomat and statesman known for his key role in drafting the Constitution of India. He was also India’s representative to the United Nations Security Council from 1950 to 1952. B.N. Rau was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly in formulating the Indian Constitution. He was responsible for the general structure of the its democratic framework of the Constitution and prepared its original draft. The President of the Constituent Assembly Dr. Rajendra Prasad, before signing the Constitution on 26 November, 1949, thanked Rau for having ‘worked honorarily all the time that he was here, assisting the assembly not only with his knowledge and erudition but also enabled the other members to perform their duties with thoroughness and intelligence by supplying them with the material on which they could work.’

    12. Which of the following countries has introduced “direct democracy”?

    (1) Russia 
    (2) India
    (3) France 
    (4) Switzerland
    12. (4) Direct democracy is a form of democracy in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, as opposed to a representative democracy in which people vote for representatives who then vote on policy initiatives. Many countries that are representative democracies allow for three forms of political action that provide limited direct democracy: referendum (plebiscite), initiative, and recall. Referendums can include the ability to hold a binding vote on whether a given law should be rejected. This effectively grants the populace which holds suffrage a veto on a law adopted by the elected legislature (one nation to use this system is Switzerland).

    13. Who was the President of the Republic of India who consistently described Indian Secularism as ‘Sarva Dharma Samabhav’?

    (1) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
    (2) Dr. Zakir Hussain
    (3) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    (4) Gaini Zail Singh
    13. (1) The slogan “Sarva Dharma Sama Bhava” was coined by Mahatma Gandhi in pursuit of his dream of HinduMuslim unity. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan was the President of the Republic of India who consistently described Indian Secularism as ‘Sarva Dharma Samabhav’.

    14. Which of the following countries have an Unwritten Constitution?

    (1) U.S.A 
    (2) U.K.
    (3) Pakistan 
    (4) India
    14. (2) An uncodified or unwritten constitution is a type of constitution where the fundamental rules of
    government take the form of customs, usage, precedent and a variety of statutes and legal instruments. Current example of such a constitution is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland where there is no defining document that can be termed “the constitution”. Because the political system evolved over time, rather than being changed suddenly in an event such as a revolution, it is continuously being defined by acts of Parliament and decisions of the Law Courts.

    15. The Constitution of India was adopted on

    (1) 26 January, 1950
    (2) 26 January, 1949
    (3) 26 November, 1949
    (4) 31 December, 1949
    15. (3) The Constitution was enacted/adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and
    came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the Purna
    Swaraj declaration of independence of 1930. With its adoption, the Union of India officially became the
    modern and contemporary Republic of India and it replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the
    country’s fundamental governing document. 

    16. Which of the following is a feature to both the Indian Federation and the American Federation ?

    (1) A single citizenship
    (2) Dual judiciary
    (3) Three Lists in the Constitution
    (4) A Federal Supreme Court to interpret the Constitution
    16. (4) According to the Constitution of India, the role of the Supreme Court is that of a federal court and guardian of the Constitution. The Federal Court of India was a judicial body, established in India in 1937 under the provisions of the Government of India Act 1935, with original, appellate and advisory
    jurisdiction. It functioned until 1950, when the Supreme Court of India was established.

    17. The constitution of India describes India as

    (1) A Union of States
    (2) Quasi-federal
    (3) A federation of state and union territories
    (4) A Unitary State
    17. (1) Article 1 of the Constitution declares that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.

    18. Who among the following was the President of the Constituent Assembly of India ?

    (1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    (2) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (3) M.A. Jinnah
    (4) Lal Bahadur Shastri
    18. (1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected the President of Constituent Assembly on 11 December, 1946. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution of independent India was ratified and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was
    elected the nation’s first President. He served as the President of constituent assembly.

    19. The convention that “once a speaker always a speaker” is followed in

    (1) UK 
    (2) USA
    (3) France 
    (4) India
    19. (1) The British Speaker is elected at the beginning of the Parliament by and from among the members of the House of Commons. If the Speaker of outgoing Parliament is still a member of the house and is willing to be re-elected, he can do so. usually, he is reelected as many times as he wants. A change of party does not make any difference. He is elected unanimously by the house. So in Great Britain there goes a saying, “Once a speaker always a speaker.”

    20. Indian Penal Code came into operation in

    (1) 1858 
    (2) 1860
    (3) 1859 
    (4) 1862
    20. (4) Indian Penal Code is the main criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code, intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. It was drafted in 1860 and came into force in colonial India during the British Raj in 1862. It has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.

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