Indian Polity GK Quiz-15

Indian Polity GK Quiz-15

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    1. Stability of the Government is assured in :

    (1) Parliamentary Form of Government.
    (2) Presidential Form of Government.
    (3) Plural Executive System
    (4) Direction Democracy
    Answer:
    1. (2) The presidential system has several advantages. As the President is selected separately from the
    Legislature, the President and Executive branch are not subject (in most cases) to any form of vote of noconfidence. As such, this leads to continuity in the Executive branch, as the Executive will remain stable over the term of the President. Besides, there is a clear demarcation between the Executive and the Legislative branch, allowing for a more effective set of checks-and-balances to be placed on both branches by the other.

    2. According to the Indian Constitution, the vacancy in the office of the President of India shall be filled within :

    (1) 1 month 
    (2) 6 months
    (3) 3 months 
    (4) 1 year
    Answer:
    2. (2) Article 62 of the Indian Constitution says that ‘An election to fill a vacancy in the office of President occurring by reason of his death, resignation or removal, or otherwise shall be held as soon as possible after, and in no case later than six months from, the date of occurrence of the vacancy, and the person elected to fill the vacancy shall, subject to the provisions of Article 56, be entitled to hold office for the full term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office.’

    3. In Indian Republic, the real executive authority rests with the :

    (1) Prime Minister
    (2) President
    (3) Bureaucrats
    (4) Council of Ministers
    Answer:
    3. (4) The President is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. Real executive power vests in a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as head. Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that
    there shall be a Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister to aid and advise the President who
    shall, in exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. The Council of Ministers is
    collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha, the House of the People.

    4. Parliamentary form of Government is also known as :

    (1) Responsive Government
    (2) Responsible Govern-ment
    (3) Federal Government
    (4) Presidential Government
    Answer:
    4. (2) Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of
    parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
    Governments (the equivalent of the executive branch) in Westminster democracies are responsible to
    parliament rather than to the monarch, or, in a colonial context, to the imperial government. If the
    parliament is bicameral, then the government is responsible first to the parliament’s lower house,
    which is more numerous, directly elected and thus more representative than the upper house.

    5. The minimum age of the member of Rajya Sabha is :

    (1) 25 years 
    (2) 21 years
    (3) 30 years 
    (4) 35 years
    Answer:
    5. (3) The minimum age for a person to become a member of Rajya Sabha is 30 years. The minimum
    qualifying age for membership of the Lok Sabha is 25 years.

    6. Who among the following are not appointed by the President of India?

    (1) Governors of States
    (2) Chief Justice and Judges of High Court
    (3) Vice-President
    (4) Chief Justice and Judges of Supreme Court
    Answer:
    6. (3) The Vice President of India is the second-highest office in India, after the President. The Vice President is elected indirectly by an electoral college consisting members of both houses of the Parliament. The Vice President would ascend to the Presidency upon the death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations leading to the vacancy in the Office of President.

    7. What is the period within which a proclamation of national emergency made by the President is to be placed before each house of the Parliament for approval?

    (1) within one month
    (2) within two months
    (3) within four months
    (4) within six months
    Answer:
    7. (1) The President of India has the power to declare three types of emergency. They are National
    Emergency, State Emergency and Financial Emergency. A proclamation of National Emergency has to be passed in each house of Parliament by more than half of the total members and at least by two-third of the members present and voting. This proclamation will be invalid if it is not passed by both houses within one month. It has to be passed first by the Rajya Sabha if the Lok Sabha stands dissolved at the time of proclamation of National Emergency. It has to be passed within one month of Lok Sabha being reconstituted; otherwise the proclamation will be invalid.

    8. A money bill passed by the Lok Sabha is deemed to have been passed by the Rajya Sabha also when no action is taken by the Upper House within :

    (1) 10 days 
    (2) 14 days
    (3) 20 days 
    (4) 30 days
    Answer:
    8. (2) In the Westminster system (and, colloquially, in the United States), a money bill or supply bill is a bill that solely concerns taxation or government spending (also known as appropriation of money), as opposed to changes in public law. Money bills passed by the Lok Sabha are sent to the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of parliament, elected by the state and territorial legislatures or appointed by the president). The Rajya Sabha may not amend money bills but can recommend amendments. A money bill must be returned to the Lok Sabha within 14 days or the bill is deemed to have passed both houses in the form it was originally passed by the Lok Sabha.

    9. What can be the maximum interval between two Sessions of Parliament?

    (1) Three months
    (2) Four months
    (3) Six months
    (4) Nine months
    Answer:
    9. (3) Under Article 85 of the Indian Constitution, the President has the power to summon and prorogue
    either House of Parliament from time to time and to dissolve the Lok Sabha. It is also provided that six
    months must not intervene between the last sitting in one session and the first sitting in the succeeding
    session. In other words, the interval between two sessions must not exceed six months.

    10. The maximum permissible gap between two sessions of the Parliament is

    (1) 3 months 
    (2) 4 months
    (3) 5 months 
    (4) 6 months
    Answer:
    10. (4) Article 85 of the Indian Constitution states that six months must not intervene between the last sitting in one session and the first sitting in the succeeding session. In other words, the interval between two sessions must not exceed six months.

    11. Who among the following decides if a particular Bill is a Money Bill or not?

    (1) President
    (2) Speaker of Lok Sabha
    (3) Chairman of Rajya Sabha
    (4) Finance Minister
    Answer:
    11. (2) Under the Constitution, the Speaker enjoys a special position insofar as certain matters pertaining to the relations between the two Houses of Parliament are concerned. He certifies Money Bills and decides on money matters by reason of the Lok Sabha’s overriding powers in financial matters. It is the Speaker of the Lok Sabha who presides over joint sittings called in the event of disagreement between the two Houses on a legislative measure. As regards recognition of parliamentary parties it is the Speaker who lays down the necessary guidelines for such recognition.

    12. Which of the following Standing Committees of Parliament has no MP from Rajya Sabha?

    (1) Public Accounts Committee
    (2) Estimates Committee
    (3) Committee on Public Undertakings
    (4) Committee on Govern-ment Assurances
    Answer:
    12. (2) The Estimates Committee consists of 30 members who are elected by the Lok Sabha every year from amongst its members. A Minister is not eligible for election to this Committee. The term of the Committee is one year. The main function of the Committee on Estimates is to report what economies, improvements in organisation, efficiency, or administrative reform, consistent with the policy underlying the estimates may be effected and to suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration.

    13. How are legislative excesses of Parliament and Assemblies checked?

    (1) Intervention from President/ Governor
    (2) No Confidence motions
    (3) Judicial review
    (4) General elections
    Answer:
    13. (3) Judicial review is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review (and possible invalidation) by the judiciary. Specific courts with judicial review power must annul the acts of the state when it finds them incompatible with a higher authority (such as the terms of a written constitution). Judicial review is an example of the separation of powers in a modern governmental system (where the judiciary is one of three branches of government).

    14. No Money bill can be introduced in the Lok Sabha without the prior approval of the

    (1) Vice-President
    (2) President
    (3) Prime Minister
    (4) Finance Minister
    Answer:
    14. (2) The money bill originates only in the Lok Sabha. No money bill can be introduced in the Lok Sabha without the prior approval of the president.

    15. Rajya Sabha enjoys more powers than the Lok Sabha in the case of —

    (1) Money Bills
    (2) Non-money bills
    (3) Setting up of new All-India Services
    (4) Amendment of the Constitution
    Answer:
    15. (3) Under the Constitution the Rajya Sabha is granted some powers exclusively. The Rajya Sabha, under Article 249, may by a special majority of two-thirds votes adopt a resolution asking the Parliament to make laws on subjects of the State list, in the national interest. Secondly, Rajya Sabha can take steps to create All India Services by adopting resolutions supported by special majority in the national interest. If the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a majority of not less than two- third of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest, to create one or more all- India services, Parliament by law may provide for such services. Thirdly, Rajya Sabha has the exclusive right to initiate a resolution for the removal of the VicePresident.

    16. Who is competent to dissolve the Rajya Sabha ?

    (1) The Chairman, Rajya Sabha
    (2) The President
    (3) The Joint-session of Parliament
    (4) None of these
    Answer:
    16. (4) Rajya Sabha is a permanent House and is not subject to dissolution. However, one-third Members of Rajya Sabha retire after every second year. A member who is elected for a full term serves for a period of six years. The election held to fill a vacancy arising otherwise than by retirement of a member on the expiration of his term of office is called ‘Byeelection’. A member elected in a bye-election remains member for the remainder of the term of the member who had resigned or died or disqualified to be member of the House under the Tenth Schedule.

    17. Point out which from the following is not a right enumerated in the Constitution of India but has been articulated by the Supreme Court to be a Fundamental Right.

    (1) Right to privacy
    (2) Equality before law
    (3) Abolition of untouchability
    (4) Right to form associations or unions
    Answer:
    17. (1) Judicial activism has brought the Right to Privacy within the realm of Fundamental Rights. The Supreme Court of India has construed “right to privacy” as a part of the Fundamental Right to “protection of life and personal liberty” under Article 21 of the Constitution, which states “no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedures established by law”. In the context of personal liberty, the Supreme Court has observed “those who feel called upon to deprive other persons of their personal liberty in the discharge of what they conceive to be their duty must strictly and scrupulously observe the forms and rules of the law”. 

    18. Which of the following Standing Committees of Parliament has no MP from Rajya Sabha?

    (1) Public Accounts Committee
    (2) Estimates Committee
    (3) Committee on Public Undertakings
    (4) Committee on Government Assurances
    Answer:
    18. (2) The Estimates Committee, constituted for the first time in 1950, is a Parliamentary Committee consisting of 30 Members, elected every year by the Lok Sabha from amongst its Members. The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members. A Minister cannot be elected as a member of the Committee and if a member after his election to the Committee, is appointed a Minister, he ceases to be a member of the Committee from the date of such appointment.

    19. From which Constitution of the World, the Indian Constitution has adopted the concept of “Directive Principles of State Policy”?

    (1) Ireland 
    (2) U.S.A.
    (3) Canada
    (4) Australiads, tanks and wells
    Answer:
    19. (1) The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy was borrowed from the Irish Constitution. The makers of the Constitution of India were influenced by the Irish nationalist movement. Hence, the
    Directive Principles of the Indian constitution have been greatly influenced by the Directive Principles
    of State Policy.

    20. The “Residuary Powers” (not mentioned in the Union, State or Concurrent lists of the Constitution) are vested in

    (1) President of India
    (2) Both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha
    (3) State Legislature
    (4) Lok Sabha
    Answer:
    20. (2) Three subject lists, the Union list, the State list, and the Concurrent list, define the legislative powers of each level of government. All residuary powers are vested with the Parliament of India. In the U.S.A. and Australia the residuary powers are given to the States. In Canada they vest in the Union.

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