Indian Polity GK Quiz-16

Indian Polity GK Quiz-16

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    21. What is the composition of the electoral college for the election of Vice-President of India ?

    (1) Elected members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies
    (2) Elected members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
    (3) Members of both Houses of Parliament
    (4) Members of Rajya Sabha only
    Answer:
    21. (2) The Vice President is elected indirectly, by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of the Parliament. The election of the Vice President is slightly different from the election of the
    President—the members of state legislatures are not part of the electoral college for Vice Presidential
    election. The election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of
    the single transferable vote and the voting in such election is by secret ballot.

    22. The function of Protem Speaker is to

    (1) conduct the proceedings of the House in the absence of the Speaker
    (2) officiate as Speaker when a Speaker is unlikely to be elected
    (3) swearing in members and hold charge till a regular Speaker is elected
    (4) check if the election certificates of members are in order
    Answer:
    22. (3) In the first meeting after election in which speaker and vice speaker is selected by members of
    parliament, that meeting is hold under the senior most member of parliament is called protem speaker.

    23. Who among the following presides over the Lok Sabha in the absence of Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha ?

    (1) A member appointed by the President.
    (2) A member nominated by the members of the parliament present in the House.
    (3) A person from the panel formed by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
    (4) A senior most member of the House.
    Answer:
    23. (3) In the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker discharges his functions. A member from the Panel of Chairmen presides over the House in the absence of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker.

    24. Indian Parliament includes :

    (1) Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
    (2) Only Lok Sabha
    (3) President and Lok Sabha
    (4) President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
    Answer:
    24. (4) The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India. Founded in 1919, the Parliament alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all political bodies in India. The Parliament comprises the President of India and the two Houses—Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States).

    25. What is the minimum age prescribed for becoming a member of Rajya Sabha ?

    (1) 25 years 
    (2) 21 years
    (3) 30 years 
    (4) 35 years
    Answer:
    25. (3) Article 84 of the Constitution lays down the qualifications for membership of Parliament. A person to be qualified for the membership of the Rajya Sabha should be a citizen of India and make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitution; and he must be not less than 30 years of age.

    26. The Presidential Government operates on the principle of :

    (1) Division of Powers between Centre and States
    (2) Centralisation of Powers
    (3) Balance of Powers
    (4) Separation of Powers
    Answer:
    26. (4) In democratic systems of governance based on the trias politica, a fundamental parallel and a
    fundamental difference exists between presidential systems and constitutional monarchic parliamentary
    system of government. The parallel is that the three branches of government (legislative, executive,
    judicial) exist largely independent of each other, with their own prerogatives, domains of activity, and
    exercises of control over each other. In presidential systems, the incumbent of the Head-of-state is elected to office and, after transfer of power, appoints his administration (like in the United States, with unitary executive) or a government headed by a prime minister is formed within the parliament, based on the elected majority (like in France). The latter might lead to a “cohabitation” where a president and his government belonging to different parties or coalitions.

    27. What is the maximum time interval permitted between two sessions of Parliament ?

    (1) 4 months 
    (2) 6 months
    (3) 8 months 
    (4) 9 months
    Answer:
    27. (2) The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Constitution empowers the President to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than 6 month’s gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year. In India, the parliament conducts three sessions each year.

    28. The item ‘Education’ belongs to the :

    (1) Union List
    (2) State List
    (3) Concurrent List
    (4) Residuary Subjects
    Answer:
    28. (3) The subjects defined and enlisted under the List-III of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution
    of India, form the joint domain of both the State Governments and the Union territories of India as
    well as the Central Government of India under these subjects. This is known as Concurrent List. The
    practical importance of the Concurrent list, (when adopted in any federation) lies in the fact, that the
    vesting of the same type of power in two parallel agencies carries, within it, the seeds of a possible
    conflict. This implies, that the Constitution (of the country concerned) should provide, in advance, a
    mechanism for resolving such conflict. In India, article 254 of the Constitution primarily seeks to
    incorporate such a mechanism.

    29. What is the maximum number of the elected members of Rajya Sabha ?

    (1) 250 
    (2) 238
    (3) 245 
    (4) 248
    Answer:
    29. (2) Membership is limited to 250 members, 12 of whom are nominated by the President of India for
    their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. The remainder of the body is elected
    by the state and territorial legislatures. Terms of office are six years, with one third of the members retiring every two years.

    30. The joint session of the two Houses of Parliament is convened

    (1) only in case of national emergency
    (2) when a bill passed by one House is rejected by the other House
    (3) taxes approved by one House are rejected by the other House
    (4) both (2) & (3)
    Answer:
    30. (4) In case of a deadlock between the two houses or in a case where more than six months lapse in the other house, the President may summon a joint session of the two houses which is presided over by
    the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the deadlock is resolved by simple majority. Until now, only three
    bills: the Dowry Prohibition Act (1961), the Banking Service Commission Repeal Bill (1978) and the
    Prevention of Terrorism Bill (2002) have been passed at joint sessions.

    31. The President’s Rule is imposed on a State in India, when

    (1) The State Cabinet of Ministers resigns
    (2) The Governor of the State dies
    (3) The elections are announced
    (4) There is a Constitutional breakdown
    Answer:
    31. (4) President’s rule is enabled by Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which gives authority to impose central rule if there has been failure of the constitutional machinery in any state of India. During
    President’s Rule, a Governor appointed by the Central Government assumes executive authority.

    32. In Indian Parliament, a bill may be sent to a select committee

    (1) after the first reading
    (2) after the second reading
    (3) after general discussion during second reading
    (4) at any stage at the discretion of the Speaker
    Answer:
    32. (4) When a Bill comes up before a House for general discussion, it is open to that House to refer it to a Select Committee of the House or a Joint Committee of the two Houses. A motion has to be moved and adopted to this effect in the House in which the Bill comes up for consideration. In case the motion
    adopted is for reference of the Bill to a Joint Committee, the decision is conveyed to the other House requesting them to nominate members of the other House to serve on the Committee. The Select or Joint Committee considers the Bill clause by clause just as the two Houses do. Amendments can be
    moved to various clauses by members of the Committee.

    33. Where is the Constitutional power located enabling the Central Government to legislate on cow slaughter ?

    (1) Entry 17, List III in Schedule VII-Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
    (2) Residuary Powers under Art. 248
    (3) Emergency Powers
    (4) Art. 48 in the Directive Principles
    Answer:
    33. (4) Article 48 of the Indian Constitution calls upon the state to improve animal husbandry and
    agriculture. It states that the State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on
    modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds,
    and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.

    34. The salaries and allowances payable to the Members of the Parliament are decided by the

    (1) President
    (2) Cabinet
    (3) Parliament
    (4) Finance Commission
    Answer:
    34. (3) After election to Parliament, the members become entitled to certain amenities. These amenities are provided to members with a view to enable them to function effectively as Members of Parliament. Broadly speaking, the amenities provided to the members relate to salaries and allowances, travelling facilities, medical facilities, accommodation, telephones, etc. These are governed by the Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament Act, 1954 and the rules made there under.

    35. The authority to prorogue the two Houses of the Parliament rests with the

    (1) President
    (2) Vice-President
    (3) Prime Minister
    (4) Speaker
    Answer:
    35. (1) There are certain constitutional functions which the President has to perform with respect to
    Parliament. The President of India has the power to summon and prorogue either of the two Houses of
    Parliament or to dissolve the Lok Sabha. While the Rajya Sabha is a continuing body, the power to
    dissolve the Lok Sabha vests in the President.

    36. Who is the competent to dissolve the Parliament ?

    (1) The President
    (2) The Cabinet with the concurrence of the Leader of the Opposition
    (3) By resolution in both Houses of Parliament
    (4) None of these
    Answer:
    36. (1) The President has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve
    Lok Sabha. When the term, dissolution of Parliament is used, it only means the Lok Sabha, the House of the People, the Lower House of Parliament. Parliament comprises the President, Lok Sabha, and Rajya Sabha, the Council of States, the Upper House. The first and third have fixed terms of five and six years respectively, the Lok Sabha has a term of five years but can be dissolved earlier.

    37. The Secretary General of the Lok Sabha is the Chief of its Secretariat and is :

    (1) elected by the Lok Sabha
    (2) elected by both Houses of Parliament
    (3) appointed by the Speaker
    (4) appointed by the President
    Answer:
    37. (3) The Secretary General is the administrative head of the Secretariat of the Lok Sabha. The post of
    Secretary General is of the rank of the Cabinet Secretary in the Government of India, who is the
    senior most civil servant to the Indian Government. The incumbent to the post is appointed by the Speaker of Lok Sabha in consultation with the Prime Minister of India and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.

    38. When was zero hour introduced in the parliamentary affairs in India ?

    (1) 1952 
    (2) 1962
    (3) 1972 
    (4) 1982
    Answer:
    38. (2) Zero Hour in Parliament starts at 12 noon during which members raise matters of importance,
    especially those that cannot be delayed. Zero Hour is the Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary
    procedures and has been in existence since 1962. However, it does not find mention in the rules of
    procedure. During zero hour, questions are asked about issues of public importance without prior
    permission. These questions are usually directed against individual ministers.

    39. The maximum number of members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha has been fixed by the Constitution of India respectively as

    (1) 500 and 250
    (2) 525 and 270
    (3) 537 and 275
    (4) 545 and 250
    Answer:
    39. (4) The Indian Parliament consists of two houses called as Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha respectively and the President of India. The Constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members. It has a term of five years. At present, the strength of the house is 545 members. The Rajya Sabha can have a maximum of 250 members in all. Elections to it are scheduled and the chamber cannot be dissolved.

    40. In order to be recognised as an official opposition Group in the Parliament how many seats should it have ?

    (1) 1/3 rd of the total strength
    (2) 1/4 th of the total strength
    (3) 1/6 th of the total strength
    (4) 1/10 th of the total strength
    Answer:
    40. (4) Official Opposition is a term used in India to designate the political party which has secured the largest number of seats in the Lower House of parliament (Lok Sabha) but is not a part of the ruling
    party or coalition. A political party is officially accorded the status of an opposition party in Lok Sabha, only if it secures at least 10 percent of the seats.

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