Indian Polity GK Quiz-19

Indian Polity GK Quiz-19

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    81. Although Union List, State List and Concurrent List cover the entire legislative business, yet there may be an item not mentioned anywhere. Who will legislate on that item ?

    (1) Parliament only
    (2) State Legislature only
    (3) Both (1) and (2)
    (4) Neither (1) nor (2)
    Answer:
    81. (1) The constitution vests the residuary power, i.e., the power to legislate with respect to any matter not enumerated in any one of the three lists in the union legislatures (Act. 248). It has been left to the courts to determine finally as to whether a particular matter falls under the residuary, power or not. It may be noted, however, that since the three lists attempt an exhaustive enumeration of all possible subjects of legislation, and courts generally have interpreted the sphere of the powers to be enumerated in a liberal way.

    82. The most important feature of the Indian Parliament is that

    (1) it is the Union Legislature in India
    (2) it also comprises the President
    (3) it is bicameral in nature 
    (4) the Upper House of the Parliament is never dissolved
    Answer:
    82. (4) Although all the four options form the distinctive features of the Indian Parliament, the most important feature is that its upper house (Rajya Sabha) is permanent. It doesn’t get dissolved unlike the Lok Sabha.

    83. How many times the President of India can seek re-election to his post ?

    (1) Once
    (2) 2 times
    (3) 3 times
    (4) Any number of times
    Answer:
    83. (4) The President of India can opt for re-election as many times as he wishes. Rajendra Prasad was the only president to have been elected twice for the office. There is neither any bar on re-election in the
    Indian Constitution, nor does it mention the number of times the same person can be elected to the top
    most office in India. Historically, ruling party (majority in the Lok Sabha) nominees have been elected and run largely uncontested. Incumbents are permitted to stand for re-election, but unlike the president of the United States, who can be elected just twice, incumbents can be elected for any number of terms.

    84. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List - I
    a. Member of Parliament
    b. President
    c. Vice-President
    d. Speaker
    List - II
    1. Elected by an Electoral College
    2. Elected by the Parliament
    3. Elected by the Lok Sabha
    4. Elected by adult voting Code :
    a b c d
    (1) 1 2 3 4
    (2) 2 3 4 1
    (3) 3 4 1 2
    (4) 4 1 2 3
    Answer:
    84. (4) Member of Parliaments are directly elected by citizens of India on the basis of Universal Adult
    franchise, except two who are appointed by the President of India. The President of India is elected,
    from an Electoral College comprising a group of nominees, by the elected members of the Parliament
    of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as of the state legislatures (Vidhan Sabhas). The Vice
    President is elected indirectly by an electoral college consisting members of both houses of the Parliament. Members of the Lok Sabha elect their Speaker in the first meeting of the House after a general election.

    85. Which of the following appointments is not made by the President of India ?

    (1) Speaker of the Lok Sabha
    (2) Chief Justice of India
    (3) Chief of Air Staff
    (4) Chief of Army
    Answer:
    85. (1) The Speaker is the presiding officer of the lower house of Parliament of India. The speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the general elections for a term of 5 years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. He/she is supposed to resign from his/her original party because as a speaker, he/she has to remain impartial.

    86. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has recently raised the emoluments of the President, the Vice-President and the Governors. The emolument payable to the President, has been raised to

    (1) Rs. 1.00 lakh from Rs. 50,000 per month
    (2) Rs. 1.50 lakh from Rs. 50,000 per month
    (3) Rs. 1.75 lakh from Rs. 75,000 per month
    (4) Rs. 2.00 lakh from Rs. 1.00 lakh per month
    Answer:
    86. (2) Emoluments of the President, the Vice President and Governors were raised by 300 per cent in 2008. The President’s emoluments were raised to Rs 1.50 lakh per month from Rs 50,000. Similarly, the Vice President will get Rs 1.25 lakh — a more than threetime hike from the present salary of Rs 40,000. The salary of governors will also go up from Rs 36,000 to Rs 1.10 lakh. The new emoluments were approved at a meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The CCEA also rationalized post-retirement benefits to former Presidents, former Vice Presidents and their spouses.

    87. What is the tenure of the Prime Minister of India?

    (1) Conterminous with the tenure of the Lok Sabha
    (2) Conterminous with the tenure of the President
    (3) As long as he enjoys the support of a majority in the Lok Sabha
    (4) Five years
    Answer:
    87. (3) With India following a parliamentary system of government the Prime Minister is generally the leader of a party (or coalition of parties) that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. He remains in office till he enjoys the confidence of the House.

    88. Which of the follwong is true regarding ‘No Confidence Motion’ in the Parliament ?

    (a) There is no mention of it in the Constitution
    (b) A period of six months must lapse between the introduction of one ‘No Confidence Motion’ and another.
    (c) Atleast 100 persons must support such a motion before it is inroduced in the House.
    (d) It can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.
    (1) b and d 
    (2) a, b, c and d
    (3) a, b and c 
    (4) a and d
    Answer:
    88. (4) Unlike censure motion, a no-confidence motion does not require any specific ground. Once admitted in the House, it takes precedence over all the pending business of the House. No conditions of admissibility of a motion of no-confidence are laid down in the Rules, except that once a decision, after discussion, is taken by the House on such a motion, no motion raising an identical matter can be moved in the same session. In view of the express constitutional provision regarding collective responsibility of the Council of Ministers to the Lok Sabha, a motion expressing want of confidence in an individual Minister is out of order; under the Rules, only a motion expressing want of confidence in the Council of Ministers as a body is admissible.

    89. Who held the office of the Vice President of India for two consecutive terms ?

    (1) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
    (2) Mr. R. Venkataraman
    (3) Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma
    (4) Mr. V.V. Giri
    Answer:
    89. (1) Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the Vice President of India from 13 May, 1952 to 12 May,
    1962. He was the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.

    90. When there is a vacancy in the office of the President and the Vice President at the same time, the office is held temporarily by

    (1) a person nominated by both the Houses of Parliament
    (2) the Speaker of Lok Sabha 
    (3) the Deputy Chairman of Rajaya Sabha
    (4) the Chief Justice of India
    Answer:
    90. (4) The Parliament enacted the “President (Discharge of Functions) Act, 1969” which provides that, in the event of occurrence of vacancy in the office of both the President and the Vice-President, the Chief Justice of India, or in his absence, the seniormost judge of the Supreme Court available shall discharge the functions until a new President is elected.

    91. The Parliamentary Committee which scrutinises the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is

    (1) Estimates Committee
    (2) Select Committee
    (3) Public Accounts Committee
    (4) None of these
    Answer:
    91. (3) The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is a committee of selected members of Parliament,
    constituted by the Parliament of India, for the auditing of the expenditure of the Government of India. Its chief function is to examine the audit report of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) after it is laid in the Parliament. CAG assists the committee during the course of investigation. None of the 22 members shall be a minister in the government.

    92. The Prime Minister of India is

    (1) Elected 
    (2) Appointed
    (3) Nominated 
    (4) Selected
    Answer:
    92. (2) The Prime Minister is appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. The Constitution envisages a scheme of affairs in which the President of India is the head of the executive in terms of Article 53 with office of the Prime Minister as heading the Council of Ministers to assist and advise the President in the discharge of the executive power.

    93. Which is not an All India Service ?

    (1) Indian Administration Service
    (2) Indian Police Service
    (3) Indian Foreign Service
    (4) Indian Forest Service
    Answer:
    93. (3) The All India Services are the three all India Civil Services of India, namely the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Police Service (IPS) & the Indian Forest Service (IFS). The officers of the All India Services are recruited and trained by the federal Union Government (“the Centre”) and serve in the various State Governments (“the States”) as well as Centre (which is why the Indian Revenue Service is a “central service” instead of an All India Service as they work only in the Central Government). 

    94. The Speaker of the Lok-Sabha has to address his/her letter of resignation to

    (1) Prime Minister of India
    (2) President of India
    (3) Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
    (4) Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
    Answer:
    94. (3) The Speaker may, at any time, resign from office by writing under her hand to the Deputy Speaker. The Speaker can be removed from office only on a resolution of the House passed by a majority of all the then members of the House. Such a resolution has to satisfy some conditions like: it should be specific with respect to the charges and it should not contain arguments, inferences, ironical
    expressions, imputations or defamatory statements, etc. Not only these, discussions should be confined
    to charges referred to in the resolution.

    95. A Presidential Ordinance can remain in force

    (1) For three months
    (2) For six months
    (3) For nine months
    (4) Indefinitely
    Answer:
    95. (2) The Indian constitution under Article 123 gives special legislative powers to President of India for promulgating ordinance under certain circumstances. If a legislation is warranted at a time when the
    legislature is not in session, the President on the request of the executive can issue an ordinance
    having the force and effect of an Act. However every such ordinance must be laid before both the Houses of Parliament and shall cease to operate, on the expiry of six weeks from the date of is reassembly, unless approved by the Parliament. The ordinance also becomes in operative if before the expiry of six weeks a resolution is passed by Parliament against it. The ordinance remains in force for 6 months.

    96. How many members of the Anglo-Indian community can be nominated by the President of India to the Parliament ?

    (1) 1 
    (2) 2
    (3) 5 
    (4) 8
    Answer:
    96. (2) The Constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members. Up to 525 members represent of the territorial constituencies in States, up to 20 members represent the Union Territories and no more than two members from Anglo-Indian community can be nominated by the President of India if he or she feels that the community is not adequately represented. House seats are apportioned among the states by population in such a manner that the ratio between that number and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States.

    97. Who can initiate impeachment of the President ?

    (1) 1/4th members of either House of Parliament
    (2) Half of the members of either House of Parliament
    (3) Half of the State Legislatures
    (4) 1/3rd members of any State Legislature
    Answer:
    97. (1) The President may be removed before the expiry of the term through impeachment. A President can be removed for violation of the Constitution of India. The process may start in either of the two houses of the Parliament. The house initiates the process by levelling the charges against the President. The charges are contained in a notice that has to be signed by at least one quarter of the total members of that house. The notice is sent up to the President and 14 days later, it is taken up for consideration. A resolution to impeach the President has to be passed by a special majority (two-third majority of the total members present and voting and simple majority of total membership of the originating house). It is then sent to the other house. The other house investigates the charges that have been made.

    98. What can the President do if a State fails to comply with the Directives of the Central Government ?

    (1) He can dissolve State Legislature and order fresh elections
    (2) He can declare the breakdown of constitu-tional machinery in the State and assume responsibility for the governance of the State
    (3) He can send paramilitary forces to the State to secure compliance
    (4) Any of the above
    Answer:
    98. (2) If the President is satisfied, on the basis of the report of the Governor of the concerned state or from other sources that the governance in a state cannot be carried out according to the provisions in the
    Constitution, he/she can declare a state of emergency in the state. Such an emergency must be approved
    by the Parliament within a period of 2 months. Under Article 356 of the Indian Constitution, it can be
    imposed from six months to a maximum period of three years with repeated parliamentary approval
    every six months.

    99. The declaration of Constitutional Emergency in an Indian State has to be approved by the Parliament within a period of

    (1) 2 months 
    (2) 4 months
    (3) 6 months 
    (4) 12 months
    Answer:
    99. (1) If the President is satisfied, on the basis of the report of the Governor of the concerned state or from other sources that the governance in a state cannot be carried out according to the provisions in the
    Constitution, he/she can declare a state of emergency in the state. Such an emergency must be approved
    by the Parliament within a period of 2 months.

    100. The number of subjects in the Union List of the Indian Constitution is

    (1) 47 
    (2) 66
    (3) 97 
    (4) 100
    Answer:
    100. (3) 97 subjects are defined and enlisted under the List- I of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, which form the exclusive domain of the Central Government of the Union of India excluding all the states and the union territories.

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