Indian Polity GK Quiz-33

Indian Polity GK Quiz-33

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    1. The Committee appointed in 1977 to review working of the Panchayati Raj was chaired by :

    (1) Balwant Rai Mehta
    (2) Ashok Mehta
    (3) K. N. Katju
    (4) Jagjivan Ram
    Answer:
    1. (2) In December 1977, the Janata Government appointed a committee on Panchayati Raj institutions
    under the chairmanship of Ashok Mehta. The committee submitted its report in August 1978 and
    made 132 recommendations to revive and strengthen the declining Panchayati Raj system in the country. As a result of this report, the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal passed new legislation.

    2. Which of the following is not an administrative function of a Village Panchayat ?

    (1) Providing sanitation and drainage
    (2) Providing burial and cremation grounds
    (3) Providing college education
    (4) Maintenance of roa
    Answer:
    2. (3) Some of the functions of a Gram Panchayat are: collection of taxes like house etc; promotion of
    educational, health, agriculture and communication facilities; providing health and drinking water facilities whenever the village people need; produce authentic documents regarding birth, death or property details of village people; look after general welfare and immediate development of village e.g. road, fight, bazaar, community facilities, etc.

    3. The first State in India to implement Panchayati Raj System was

    (1) Punjab 
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) Gujarat 
    (4) Uttar Pradesh
    Answer:
    3. (2) In October 1957, the Balwant Rai Mehta committee suggested the organization of Panchayati Raj in rural India. It recommended the creation of the three tier Panchayati Raj- Panchayats at the village level, Panchayat Samities at the block level and Zila Parishads at the district level. The National
    Development council accepted the recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta committee in 1958. On October 2, 1959, Rajasthan became the first State to establish Panchayati Raj system. Thereafter, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Kerala, J & K, Himachal Pradesh and in fact all states introduced Panchayati Raj in their respective areas by passing necessary laws.

    4. Which among the following legislation gives constitutional status to three-tier Panchayati Raj system ?

    (1) 72nd constitutional amendment, 1992
    (2) 73rd constitutional amendment, 1993
    (3) 74th constitutional amendment, 1993
    (4) 75th constitutional amendment, 1994
    Answer:
    4. (2) The philosophy of Panchayat Raj is deeply steeped in tradition and culture of rural India and is by no means a new concept. Panchayati Raj provided a system of self-governance at the village level, however, it did not have a constitutional status. April 24,1993 is a red-letter day in the history of Panchayati Raj in India as on this day the constitution (73rd Amendment) Act,1992 came into force to provide constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj institutions.

    5. Which of the following States was first to adopt the Panchayati Raj?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Gujarat
    (4) Rajasthan
    Answer:
    5. (4) Panchayat raj was first introduced in India at Nagaur in Rajasthan in October 1959.

    6. Which of the following Indian States first adopted the 3-tier Panchayati Raj system ?

    (1) Bihar
    (2) Uttar Pradesh
    (3) Rajasthan
    (4) Madhya Pradesh
    Answer:
    6. (3) The Scheme of Panchayati raj which was first adopted in Rajasthan on the 2nd October, 1959 was
    the result of the recommendations of the Balavantrai Mehta Committee. In 1956, the Committee was
    formed to study the working of the Community Development programmes and suggest remedies for
    removal of defects therein. This Committee is sometimes known as the committee on the Democratic Decentralization.

    7. The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was associated with—

    (1) Industrial Policy
    (2) Banking Reforms
    (3) Panchayati Raj
    (4) Centre-State relations
    Answer:
    7. (3) The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was a committee appointed by the Government of India in January 1957 to examine the working of the Community Development Programme(1952) and the National Extension Service (1953) and to suggest measures for their better working. The Chairman of this committee was Balwant Rai Mehta. The committee submitted its report in November 1957 and
    recommended the establishment of the scheme of ‘democratic decentralization’ which finally came to be known as Panchayati Raj.

    8. The 3-tier of the Panchayati Raj System consists of

    (1) Gram Sabha, Anchal Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti
    (2) Janapad Panchayat, Taluka Panchayat, Anchal Panchayat
    (3) Gram Panchayat, Block and Panchayat Samiti, Zilla Parishad
    (4) Gram Sabha, Panchayat Samiti, Zilla Parishad
    Answer:
    8. (4) Panchayati Raj is a system of governance in which gram panchayats are the basic units of administration. It has 3 levels: village, block and district. At the village level, it is called a Gram Panchayat. It is a local body working for the good of the village. The number of members usually ranges from 7 to 31; occasionally, groups are larger, but they never have fewer than 7 members. The block-level institution is called the Panchayat Samiti. The district- level institution is called the Zilla Parishad.

    9. Which of the following is not a Panchayati Raj Institution?

    (1) Gram Sabha
    (2) Gram Panchayat
    (3) Gram Cooperative Society
    (4) Nyaya Panchayat
    Answer:
    9. (3) Cooperative is an autonomous association of persons who voluntarily cooperate for their mutual
    social, economic, and cultural benefit. Cooperatives include non-profit community organizations and
    businesses that are owned and managed by the people who use its services (a consumer cooperative)
    and/or by the people who work there (a worker cooperative) or by the people who live there (a housing
    cooperative). The Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India are Zilla Panchayat; Block Panchayat or
    Panchayat Samiti; Gram Panchayat; Gram Sabha.

    10. When was the Panchayati Raj System introduced in India ?

    (1) 1950 A.D. 
    (2) 1945 A.D.
    (3) 1947 A.D. 
    (4) 1962 A.D.
    Answer:
    10. (*) In 1954, the government of India established the Balwant Rai Mehta committee for suggesting some major reforms which suggested the organization of Panchayati Raj in rural India. It was to act both as an instrument of rural local self-government as well as an agency for community development. It recommended the creation of the three tier Panchayati Raj- Panchayats at the village level, Panchayat Samitis at the block level and Zila Parishads at the district level. The National Development council accepted the recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta committee in 1958. The Government of India then called upon all the states to implement these recommendations. On 2nd October 1959, Rajasthan came to be the first State to establish Panchayati Raj. Thereafter, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Kerala, J & K, Himachal Pradesh and in fact all states introduced Panchayati Raj in their respective areas by passing necessary laws.

    11. Which is not the concern of the local government ?

    (1) Public Health
    (2) Sanitation
    (3) Law and Order
    (4) Public Utility Services
    Answer:
    11. (3) State list consists of 61 items (previously 66 items). Uniformity is desirable but not essential on items in this list: maintaining law and order, police forces, healthcare, transport, land policies, electricity in state, village administration, etc. The state legislature has exclusive power to make laws on these subjects. But in certain circumstances, the parliament can also make laws on subjects mentioned in the State list.

    12. The three-tier Panchayat Raj system in India was proposed by the –

    (1) Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
    (2) Ashok Mehta Committee
    (3) Royal Commission
    (4) None of the above
    Answer:
    12. (1) The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was a committee appointed by the Government of India in January 1957 to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (1952) and the National Extension Service(1953) and to suggest measures for their better working. This committee recommended the establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system-Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and Zila Parishad at the district level.

    13. Through which Constitutional Amendment was the Nagarpalika Bill passed?

    (1) 70th 
    (2) 72nd
    (3) 73rd 
    (4) 74th
    Answer:
    13. (4) While the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992 accorded the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) a constitutional status, the Seventy Fourth Amendment Act did the same for Nagarpalikas. The Nagarpalika Act, i.e. the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 was enacted to accord constitutional recognition to the Urban Local Bodies as third tier of government.

    14. The Panchayat Raj system in India was introduced under the direction of which article of the constitution ?

    (1) 32 
    (2) 40
    (3) 45 
    (4) 51
    Answer:
    14. (2) Article 40 of the Indian Constitution deals with the organization of Panchayats. As per this article, the State shall take steps to organize village panchayats and endow them with such powers and
    authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self government.

    15. The expression ‘Grama Sabha’ correctly refers to

    (1) Elder citizens of a village
    (2) Whole population of a village
    (3) Electorate for the Panchayat
    (4) Elected members of the Panchayat
    Answer:
    15. (3) The Gram Sabha is the grass root level democratic institution in each Village Panchayat. It comprises persons registered in the electoral roll relating to the Panchayat Village, comprised within the area of the said Village Panchayat.

    यह भी देखे:















    Post a Comment

    0 Comments