Indian Polity GK Quiz-35

Indian Polity GK Quiz-35

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    1. Postal voting is otherwise called :

    (1) plural voting
    (2) proxy voting
    (3) weighted voting
    (4) sceret voting
    Answer:
    1. (2) Postal voting describes the method of voting in an election whereby ballot papers are distributed or returned by post to electors, in contrast to electors voting in person at a polling station or electronically via an electronic voting system. In the United Kingdom, absent voting was first introduced for the immediate post-war period in 1918 for servicemen and others prevented ‘by reason of the nature of their occupation…from voting at a poll’ by the Representation of the People Act 1918. Armed forces still serving overseas at the end of World War I were allowed to vote by post, and permanent arrangements were made for proxy voting by servicemen. The Representation of the People Act 1945 again made temporary provision for postal voting by service voters.

    2. One feature is common to the following bodies. Find it out. Supreme Court, Election Commission, UPSC, Office of CAG

    (1) They are advisory bodies.
    (2) They are extra constitutional bodies
    (3) They are controlled by legislature.
    (4) They are constitutional bodies.
    Answer:
    2. (4) They are all constitutional bodies. Constitutional Bodies in India are formed by the Constitution which helps the Government to run properly. Each of these permanent or semi-permanent organizations is responsible for the administration of specific functions. Some additional bodies help them by
    providing advisory functions.

    3. In case of a disagreement between the two Houses of Parliament over a non-money bill :

    (1) the bill will lapse
    (2) the President may sign it into a law
    (3) the President may call a joint sitting of both the Houses to consider it.
    (4) the President may ask both the Houses to reconsider it.
    Answer:
    3. (3) No bill will be regarded as passed by the Parliament unless both the Houses approve of it. Money bills can originate only in the Lok Sabha. A money bill passed by the Lok Sabha must be adopted by the Rajya Sabha within 14 days. If the Rajya Sabha fails to adopt the bill within that period, the it will be declared passed by both the houses of the Parliament. In case of a difference between the two Houses over a non-money bill, the President may call a joint sitting of the Houses to resolve it.

    4. What amidst the following is not true of the general electoral roll prepared through the agency of the Election Commission? It is to be used for elections to the

    (1) Lok Sabha
    (2) Panchayatiraj and Nagarpalika institutions
    (3) Legislative Assemblies of the states
    (4) Legislative Councils of the states where these exist
    Answer:
    4. (4) The Vidhan Parishad (or Legislative Council) is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature. In contrast with a state’s Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly), the Legislative Council is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved; each Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) serves for a six-year term, with terms staggered so that the terms of one-third of a Council’s members expire every two years. This arrangement parallels that for the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.

    5. Right to vote is mentioned in the parts of the Constitution relating to

    (1) Fundamental Rights
    (2) Union Legislature
    (3) State Legislature
    (4) Election
    Answer:
    5. (4) Right to vote in India is a constitutional right. Article 326 (in Part XV) of the Constitution gives this right. Article 326 of the Constitution provides that the elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage, that is to say, a person should not be less than 21 years of age. The 61st Amendment of the Constitution of India, 1950, in the year 1989 altered the age for the voting right from 21 years to 18 years.

    6. Which of the following non members of Parliament has the right to address it ?

    (1) Attorney General of India
    (2) Solicitor General of India
    (3) Chief Justice of India
    (4) Chief Election Commissioner
    Answer:
    6. (1) The Attorney General of India is the Indian government’s chief legal advisor, and its primary
    lawyer in the Supreme Court of India. He is appointed by the President of India under Article 76(1) of the Constitution and holds office during the pleasure of the President. The Attorney General has the right of audience in all Courts in India as well as the right to participate in the proceedings of the Parliament, though not to vote.

    7. For which peroid the Finance Commission is formed ?

    (1) 2 years
    (2) Every year
    (3) 5 years
    (4) According to the wishes of President
    Answer:
    7. (3) The Finance Commission of India is established under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution by the President of India to define the financial relations between the centre and the state. The Finance
    Commission Act of 1951 states the terms of qualification, appointment and disqualification, the term, eligibility and powers of the Finance Commission. As per the Constitution, the commission is appointed every five years and consists of a chairman and four other members. Note : Finance Commission is established under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution by the President of India. It was formed to define the financial relations between the Centre and the state. Till date, Fourteen Finance Commissions have submitted their reports. 14th Finance Commission headed by Prof. Y V Reddy.

    8. Who finally approves the draft Five-Year-Plan ?

    (1) Planning Commission
    (2) President
    (3) National Development Council
    (4) Parliament and State Legislatures
    Answer:
    8. (3) The National Development Council (NDC) or the Rashtriya Vikas Parishad is the apex body for decision making and deliberations on development matters in India, presided over by the Prime Minister. It was set up on August 6, 1952 to strengthen and mobilize the effort and resources of the nation in support of the Plan, to promote common economic policies in all vital spheres, and to ensure the balanced and rapid development of all parts of the country. The Council comprises the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet Ministers, Chief Ministers of all States or their substitutes, representatives of the union territories and the members of the Commissions. It is an extraconstitutional and non-statutory body. Its status is advisory to planning commission but not binding.

    9. The deciding authority of States share in central taxes is the

    (1) Finance Commission
    (2) Planning Commission
    (3) Election Commission
    (4) Finance Minister
    Answer:
    9. (1) Functions of the Finance Commission can be explicitly stated as: distribution of net proceeds of
    taxes between Centre and the States, to be divided as per their respective contributions to the taxes;
    determine factors governing Grants-in Aid to the states and the magnitude of the same; and work with
    the State Finance Commissions and suggest measures to augment the Consolidated Fund of the States so as to provide additional resources to Panchayats and Municipalities in the state.

    10. When was the Public Service Commission, the original version of the U.P.S.C. set up?

    (1) 1st October, 1926
    (2) 1st April, 1937
    (3) 15th August, 1947
    (4) 26th January, 1950
    Answer:
    10. (1) Indianisation of the superior Civil Services became one of the major demands of the political movement compelling the British Indian Government to consider setting up of a Public Service Commission for recruitment to its services in the territory. The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1, 1926. However, its limited advisory functions failed to satisfy the people’s aspirations and the continued stress on this aspect by the leaders of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act 1935. Under this Act, for the first time, provision was also made for the formation of Public Service Commissions at the provincial level. With the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title – Union Public Service Commission. Note : Recently, President Pranab Mukherjee appointed Professor David R. Syiemlieh as the Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

    11. Which of the following nonmembers of Parliament has the right to address it ?

    (1) Attorney-General of India
    (2) Solicitor-General of India
    (3) Chief Justice of India
    (4) Chief Election Commissioner
    Answer:
    11. (1) The Attorney General of India is the Indian government’s chief legal advisor, and its primary
    lawyer in the Supreme Court of India. He is appointed by the President of India under Article 76(1) of the Constitution and holds office during the pleasure of the President. The Attorney General is responsible for giving advice to the Government of India in legal matters referred to him. He also performs other legal duties assigned to him by the President. The Attorney General has the right of audience in all Courts in India as well as the right to participate in the proceedings of the Parliament, though not to vote.

    12. Which authority recommends the principles gov erning the grantsin-aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India ?

    (1) Public Accounts Committee
    (2) Union Ministry of Finance
    (3) Finance Commission
    (4) Inter-State Council
    Answer:
    12. (3) The Finance Commission makes recommendations to the President regarding the principles governing the grants-in-aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India and with regard to article 275- the sums to be paid to the States which are in need of assistance by way of grants-in-aid of their revenues for purposes other than those specified in the provisos to clause (1) of that article.

    13. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India acts as the chief accountant and auditor for the

    (1) Union Government
    (2) State Government
    (3) Union and State Governments
    (4) Neither Union nor State Governments
    Answer:
    13. (3) The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is an authority, established by the Constitution of India under Chapter V, who audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state
    governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. The CAG is also the external auditor of governmentowned companies.

    14. The Finance Commission is mainly concerned with recommending to the President about

    (1) distributing net proceeds of taxes between the Centre and the States
    (2) principles Governing the grants-in-aid to be given to States
    (3) both (1) and (2)
    (4) neither (1) and (2)
    Answer:
    14. (3) The Finance Commission is constituted to make recommendations to the President about the
    distribution of the net proceeds of taxes between the Union and States and also the allocation of the same amongst the States themselves. It is also under the ambit of the Finance Commission to define the
    financial relations between the Union and the States. They also deal with devolution of non-plan revenue resources.

    15. Who constitutes the Finance Commission after every five years ?

    (1) The Council of Ministers
    (2) The Parliament
    (3) The President
    (4) The Comptroller and Auditor General
    Answer:
    15. (3) Article 280 of the Indian Constitution deals with the Finance Commission. The Finance Commission of India came into existence in 1951. It was established under Article 280 of the Indian
    Constitution by the President of India. It was formed to define the financial relations between the centre
    and the state.

    16. Members of the Union Public Service Commission can be removed by the

    (1) Parliament after a resolution adopted with 2/ 3rds majority
    (2) President on a unanimous recommendation from the Union Council of Ministers
    (3) President on the basis of an inquiry and report by the Supreme Court
    (4) President on recommendation from Central Administrative Tribunal
    Answer:
    16. (3) Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier. He can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India. He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehavior (only if an inquiry of such misbehavior is made and upheld by Supreme Court) or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.

    17. If the Election Commission is satisfied that a candidate has failed to lodge an account of election expenses, within the prescribed time and in the manner, for no good reason or justification, what is the period for which the EC can disqualify him to be a member or from continuing to be a member of the elected office from the date of the order ?

    (1) 2 years 
    (2) 3 years
    (3) 4 years 
    (4) 5 years
    Answer:
    17. (2) Under section 10A of the RP Act, 1951, if the Election Commission is satisfied that a person has
    failed to lodge an account of election expenses with the time and in the manner required by or under
    that Act and he has no good reason or justification for the failure, it has the power to disqualify him for
    a period of 3 years for being chosen as, and for being, a member of either House of Parliament or the
    Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council of a State. 

    18. Elections to the House of the People and the Legislative Assemblies of States in India are held on the basis of :

    (1) single transferable vote
    (2) limited suffrage
    (3) proportional represen-tation
    (4) adult franchise
    Answer:
    18. (4) Democracy is the rule with the consent of the majority —government ‘of the people, for the people, by the people’. It recognizes the Paramountcy of the people’s will. Vox pupuli, vox dei: ‘the voice of the people is the voice of God’. This will is expressed through the accredited and elected representatives of the people sitting in parliament. Universal adult franchise means all citizens who’s age is above 18 have the right to vote. Every effort is made to ensure that the will of the people is properly and freely exercised.

    19. Vote-on-account means

    (1) Statutory acceptance of planning bill
    (2) Statutory acceptance of money bill
    (3) Statutory acceptance of report of account checking and documents produced by CAG
    (4) Statutory acceptance of expenditure related to demands of grants till the passage of planning bill
    Answer:
    19. (4) When the government needs to withdraw any money from the Consolidated Fund of India to cover its expenditure (especially during the time when elections are underway and a caretaker government is in place), it has to seek approval from the Parliament. A special provision is, therefore, made for a vote-on-account’ by which the government obtains the vote of Parliament for a sum sufficient to incur expenditure on various items for a part of the year. This sanction of Parliament for withdrawal of money from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet the government’s expenses is generally known as a vote-on-account.

    20. What is the period of appointment of the Comptroller and Auditor - General of India ?

    (1) 6 years
    (2) Up to 65 years of age
    (3) 6 years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier
    (4) Up to 64 years of age
    Answer:
    20. (3) The term length of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is 6 yrs or up to 65 yrs of age
    (whichever is earlier). He is an authority, established by the Constitution of India under Chapter V, who
    audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. The CAG is also the external auditor of government-owned companies.

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