Indian Polity GK Quiz-41

Indian Polity GK Quiz-41

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    1. A law can be enacted, or executive order issued, even contrary to Article 19, during proclamation of emergency

    (1) caused by war or external aggresssion
    (2) caused by internal armed rebellion
    (3) caused by constitutional breakdown
    (4) caused by financial crisis
    Answer:
    1. (1) Article 358 protects both legislative and executive action taken after the proclamation of emergency. National emergency is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962 (Indo-China war), 1971 (Indo-Pakistan war), and 1975 (declared by Indira Gandhi to escape conviction). In such an emergency, Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens can be suspended. The six freedoms under Right to Freedom are automatically suspended. However, the Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended according to the original Constitution. It modifies the federal system of government to a unitary one.

    2. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution was for the first time amended by the

    (1) 24th Amendment
    (2) 42nd Amendment
    (3) 44th Amendment
    (4) None of the above
    Answer:
    2. (2) The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out the guiding purpose and principles of the document. As originally enacted the preamble described the state as a “sovereign democratic republic”. In 1976 the Fortysecond Amendment changed this to read “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic”.

    3. The following article of the Indian Constitution abolished the practice of untouchability.

    (1) Article 14 
    (2) Article 18
    (3) Article 17 
    (4) Article 19
    Answer:
    3. (3) Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law. The Untouchability Offences Act of 1955 (renamed to Protection of Civil Rights Act in 1976) provided penalties for preventing a person from entering a place of worship or from taking water from a tank or well.

    4. From the following languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution pick out the one which is the official language of a State :

    (1) Kashmiri 
    (2) Urdu
    (3) Sindhi 
    (4) Nepali
    Answer:
    4. (1) The Kashmiri language is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India, and is a part of the Sixth Schedule in the constitution of the Jammu and Kashmir. Along with other regional languages mentioned in the Sixth Schedule, as well as Hindi and Urdu, the Kashmiri language is to be developed in the state. Some Kashmiri speakers frequently use Hindi as a second language, though the most frequently used second language is Urdu. Since November 2008, the Kashmiri language has been made a compulsory subject in all schools in the Valley up to the secondary level.

    5. Article 243 of the Constitution of India inserted by a Constitutional Amendment deals with which of the following ?

    (1) Extending the benefits of Reservation on the basis of Mandal Commission Recommendations
    (2) Land Reforms
    (3) To include Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali in the list of official languages
    (4) Panchayati Raj System
    Answer:
    5. (4) Article 243 of the Indian Constitution deals with panchayati raj. It defines what a district, or gram
    sabha, or panchayat, means. It states that “Panchayat” means an institution (by whatever name called) of selfgovernment constituted under Article 243B, for the rural areas”.

    6. What is the maximum period upto which a proclamation issued by the President under Article 356 of the Constitution and approved/extended by the Parliament may, normally, remain in force ?

    (1) Six months 
    (2) One year
    (3) Two years
    (4) Unit is repealed by the Parliament
    Answer:
    6. (2) President’s rule is enabled by Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which gives authority to impose central rule if there has been failure of the constitutional machinery in any state of India. It is imposed for six months and can last for a maximum period of three years with repeated parliamentary
    approval every six months. But 42nd amendment act of 1976 extended the one time duration of state
    emergency from 6 months to 1 year. Therefore from now on after every 1 year Parliament needs to approve the same. If the emergency has to be extended for more than three years, it can be done by a
    constitutional amendment, as has happened in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.

    7. Where is the objective of “social justice” articulated in the Constitution of India ?

    (1) Article 14 
    (2) Article 15
    (3) Article 16 
    (4) Preamble
    Answer:
    7. (4) In concept social justice is very well articulated in the Constitution of India (1950). The Preamble of our Constitution use the term ‘social justice - social, economic and political, the equality of status and opportunity is provided by the Constitution makers for futuristic development of the country.

    8. Under which Article of the Constitution can an Emergency be declared in India on account of war or external aggression ?

    (1) Article 356 
    (2) Article 352
    (3) Article 353 
    (4) Article 354
    Answer:
    8. (2) National emergency is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962 (Indo-China war), 1971 (Indo-Pakistan war), and 1975 (declared by Indira Gandhi to escape conviction). The President can declare such an emergency under Article 352 of the Constitution only on the basis of a written request by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Such a proclamation must be approved by the Parliament within one month. Such an emergency can be imposed for six months. It can be extended by six months by repeated parliamentary approval.

    9. Constitution of India considers free and compulsory eduction to children up to–

    (1) 10 years 
    (2) 14 years
    (3) 18 years 
    (4) 21 years
    Answer:
    9. (2) The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21 A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21 A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

    10. Which Article of the Indian constitution provides for the employer to give maternity benefits to its employees ?

    (1) Article-41 
    (2) Article-42
    (3) Article-43 
    (4) Article-44
    Answer:
    10. (2) Article 42 of the Indian Constitution has provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. It comes under the Directive Principles of State Policy.

    11. Which among the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides for State emergency and suspends constitutional arrangement in a State ?

    (1) Article-352 
    (2) Article-356
    (3) Article-389 
    (4) Article-392
    Answer:
    11. (2) President’s rule is enabled by Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which gives authority to impose central rule if there has been failure of the constitutional machinery in any state of India. During
    President’s Rule, a Governor appointed by the Central Government assumes executive authority. Since the governor is appointed by the President of India on the advice of the central government, the state’s
    policies are controlled by the ruling party at the centre.

    12. Article-32 of the Indian constitution relates to :

    (1) Right against exploitation
    (2) Right to religion
    (3) Right to constitutional remedies
    (4) Right to equality
    Answer:
    12. (3) The sole object of the Article 32 of the Constitution of India is the enforcement of the fundamental rights guaranteed under Part III of the Constitution of India. By including Article 32 in the Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court has been made the protector and guarantor of these Rights.

    13. During emergency, imposed under Art. 352, which of the following Constitutional provisions stands suspended ?

    (1) Directive Principles of State Policy
    (2) Amendment Procedures
    (3) Fundamental Rights
    (4) Judicial Review
    Answer:
    13. (3) National emergency under article 352 of the Indian Constitution is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. In such an emergency, Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens can be suspended. The six freedoms under Right to Freedom are automatically suspended. However, the Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended according to the original Constitution. It modifies the federal system of government to a unitary one.

    14. What Constitutional provision enables the Central Government to provide reservations in jobs and educational institutions for the weaker sections of the society ?

    (1) Article 14 
    (2) Article 16
    (3) Article 46 
    (4) Article 19
    Answer:
    14. (2) Article 16 of the Constitution of India is a bundle of contradictions, as on the one hand it deals with equality of opportunity in matters of public employment, and, on the other, it enables the
    government to provide for reservation in public employment. Article 16 provides that there shall be
    equality of opportunity for all citizens in the matters of employment or appointment to any office under
    the State. This Article also provides that no citizen shall be ineligible for any office or employment under the State on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth or any of them.

    15. What provision in the Constitution enabled the Central Government to impose the service tax and to expand its span ?

    (1) List I, Schedule VII
    (2) List III, Schedule VII
    (3) Residuary Powers under Article 248
    (4) Emergency Powers
    Answer:
    15. (3) Under the Residuary powers of legislation enumerated in Article 248 of the Indian Constitution,
    Parliament has exclusive power to make any law with respect to any matter not enumerated in the
    Concurrent List or State List. Such power shall include the power of making any law imposing a tax not
    mentioned in either of those Lists.

    16. Which of the following sets of Articles deals with ‘Emergency Provisions’ ?

    (1) Articles 32 and 226
    (2) Articles 350 and 351
    (3) Articles 352, 356 and 360
    (4) Articles 335, 336 and 337
    Answer:
    16. (3) The Emergency Provisions are mentioned from Article 352 to Article 360 of the Indian Constitution. Article 352: Proclamation of Emergency - due to external intrusion or war; Article 356: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States; and Article 360: Provisions as to financial emergency.

    17. Article 14 of the Indian Constitution guarantees Indian citizens :

    (1) Equal protection of laws
    (2) Equality before law
    (3) Equal distribution of economic resources
    (4) Equality before law and equal protection of the laws
    Answer:
    17. (4) Article 14 of the constitution guarantees that all citizens shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. It means that the State cannot discriminate any of the Indian citizens on the basis of their caste, creed, colour, sex, gender, religion or place of birth.

    18. Article 19 of the Indian Constitution provides :

    (1) 6 freedoms 
    (2) 7 freedoms
    (3) 8 freedoms 
    (4) 9 freedoms
    Answer:
    18. (1) The right to freedom in Article 19 guarantees the following six freedoms: Freedom of speech and expression, which enable an individual to participate in public activities; Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms; Freedom to form associations or unions; Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India; Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India and freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.

    19. Of the various grounds below, which is the one criterion on which discriminaion by the State is not prohibited in Article 15 of the Constitution ?

    (1) Place of birth 
    (2) Race
    (3) Language 
    (4) Caste
    Answer:
    19. (3) Article 15 is about prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. It states that no citizen shall, on ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to: access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained whole or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of general public.

    20. Where is the objective of “Social justice” articulated in the Constitution of India ?

    (1) Art. 14 
    (2) Art. 16
    (3) Art. 15 
    (4) Preamble
    Answer:
    20. (3) Article 15 of the constitution states that no person shall be discriminated on the basis of caste, colour, language etc. Every person shall have equal access to public places like public parks, museums, wells, bathing ghats and temples etc. However, the State may make any special provision for women and children. Special provisions may be made for the advancements of any socially or educationally backward class or scheduled castes or scheduled tribes.

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