Indian Polity GK Quiz-42

Indian Polity GK Quiz-42

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    21. Which Article of the Indian Constitution includes the Fundamental Duties of the Indian citizens?

    (1) Article 50A 
    (2) Article 50B
    (3) Article 51A 
    (4) Article 51B
    Answer:
    21. (3) Article 51A became a part of the Indian Constitution on December 18, 1976 by virtue of the
    Constitutional (Forty Second) Amendment Act 1976. The new Part IVA was titled as Fundamental Duties. 

    22. Which Article of the Constitution of India abolishes untouchability and forbids its practice in any form ?

    (1) Article 16 
    (2) Article 17
    (3) Article 18 
    (4) Article 15
    Answer:
    22. (2) Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law. The Untouchability Offences Act of 1955 (renamed to Protection of Civil Rights Act in 1976) provided penalties for preventing a person from entering a place of worship or from taking water from a tank or well.

    23. Which article of the Indian Constitution provides for the institution of Panchayati Raj ?

    (1) Article. 36 
    (2) Article. 39
    (3) Article 40 
    (4) Article. 48
    Answer:
    23. (3) During the drafting of the Constitution of India, Panchayati Raj Institutions were placed in the nonjusticiable part of the Constitution, the Directive Principles of State Policy, as Article 40. The Article read ‘the State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government’. However, no
    worthwhile legislation was enacted either at the national or state level to implement it.

    24. Article 1 of the Constitution declares India as

    (1) Federal State
    (2) Quasi-Federal State
    (3) Unitary State
    (4) Union of States
    Answer:
    24. (4) Article 1 of the Constitution declares that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States; the sates and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule; and the territory of India shall comprise the territories of the States, the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and such other territories as may be acquired.

    25. How many schedules does the Constitution of India contain ?

    (1) 9 
    (2) 10
    (3) 11 
    (4) 12
    Answer:
    25. (4) Schedules are lists in the Constitution that categorize and tabulate bureaucratic activity and policy of the Government. First Schedule (Articles 1 and 4)- This lists the states and territories of India, lists any changes to their borders and the laws used to make that change. Twelfth Schedule (Article 243-W)— Municipalities (urban local government). 

    26. Under which article of Constitution does Jammu and Kashmir enjoys special constitutional position ?

    (1) Article – 356
    (2) Article – 124
    (3) Article – 170
    (4) Article – 370
    Answer:
    26. (4) In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of article 370 of the Constitution, the President, with the concurrence of the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir made the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 which came into force on 14/5/1954. This article specifies that except for Defence, Foreign Affairs, Finance and Communications,(matters specified in the instrument of accession) the Indian Parliament needs the State Government’s concurrence for applying all other laws. Thus the state’s residents lived under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to other Indians.

    27. The articles 17 and 18 of constitution provide

    (1) social equality
    (2) economic equality
    (3) political equality
    (4) religious equality
    Answer:
    27. (1) Right to equality is an important right provided for in Articles 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the constitution. Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Article 18 of the constitution prohibits the State from conferring any titles.

    28. How many languages are contained in the VIIIth schedule of the Indian Constitution ?

    (1) 18 
    (2) 22
    (3) 16 
    (4) 12
    Answer:
    28. (2) The Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. At the time the constitution was enacted, inclusion in this list meant that the language was entitled to representation on the Official Languages Commission, and that the language would be one of the bases that would be drawn upon to enrich Hindi, the official language of the Union. Via the 92nd Constitutional amendment 2003, 4 new languages – Bodo, Maithili, Dogri, and Santhali – were added to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

    29. Article 17 of the Indian Constitution provides for

    (1) equality before law
    (2) equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
    (3) abolition of titles
    (4) abolition of untouch-ability
    Answer:
    29. (4) Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law.

    30. A proclamation of emergency, under Article 352, on account of war or aggression requires approval of the Parliament within

    (1) one month 
    (2) two months
    (3) four months 
    (4) six months
    Answer:
    30. (1) National emergency is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. The President can declare such an emergency only on the basis of a written request by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Such a proclamation must be approved by the Parliament within one month. Such an emergency can be imposed for six months. It can be extended by six months by repeated parliamentary approval.

    31. Article 370 of the Indian Constitution upholds

    (1) land reforms legislation in India
    (2) diplomatic privileges and immunities
    (3) special status of Jammu and Kashmir State
    (4) duties and rights of Lokpal
    Answer:
    31. (3) Article 370 of the Indian constitution grants special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir. Similar protections for unique status exist in tribal areas of India including those in Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Nagaland however it is only for the state of Jammu and Kashmir that the accession of the state to India is still a matter of dispute between India and Pakistan still on the agenda of the UN Security Council.

    32. Which Constitutional Amendment gave precedence to the Directive Principles of State Policy over Fundamental Rights?

    (1) 42nd 
    (2) 44th
    (3) 52nd 
    (4) 56th
    Answer:
    32. (1) The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, enacted in 1976, attempted to reduce the power of the Indian Supreme Court and High Courts to pronounce upon the constitutional validity of laws. The Amendment established beyond doubt the supremacy of Parliament over the other wings of Government; gave the Directive Principles precedence over the Fundamental Rights; enumerated for the first time a set of ten Fundamental Duties. It further imposed limits on the power and jurisdiction of the judiciary; raised the term of the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabha from five to six years; authorised the use of Central armed forces in any State to deal with law and order problems, made the President bound by the advice of the Council of Ministers and envisaged the establishment of administrative tribunals for service matters of Government employees and also other tribunals for economic offences.

    33. The basic features of the Indian Constitution which are not amendable under Article 368 are

    (1) Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system and judicial review.
    (2) Sovereignty, territorial integrity and parliamentary system of government.
    (3) Judicial review and the federal system.
    (4) Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system, judicial review and parliamentary system of government.
    Answer:
    33. (4) The power of Parliament to legislate and amend provisions of the Constitution came up for judicial review in many cases; most important of them being Kesavananda Bharati Vs State of Kerala, the famous decision of 13 judges’ Bench in 1973. The majority in this case held that the power of amendment under Article 368 of the Constitution is not absolute, but subject to various implied and inherent restrictions imposed by the basic structure of the frame-work of the Constitution. The Parliament in its efforts to regain the ‘supremacy’ in amending the Constitution, added clauses (4) and (5) to Article 368, trying to make the amending power of Parliament unlimited and to limit the judicial review over such amendments. However, this amendment was also struck down by Supreme Court in Minerva Mills Vs Union of India (1980) case. While there is no judicial unanimity on what constitutes the basic features of Indian Constitution, different Benches of the Supreme Court have declared different aspects as its basic features. A perusal of these decisions would tell us that the following are
    the established basic features of the Indian Constitution: Supremacy of Constitution; Republican and Democratic form of government; Secular character; Separation of Powers; Judicial review; Independence of Judiciary; Harmony between Fundamental rights and Directive principles; etc.

    34. Which Amendment Act introduced changes in the preamble to the Indian Constitution ?

    (1) the 38th Amendment Act, 1975
    (2) the 40th Amendment Act, 1976
    (3) the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976
    (4) the 44th Amendment Act, 1979
    Answer:
    34. (3) The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, enacted in 1976, attempted to reduce the power of the Indian Supreme Court and High Courts to pronounce upon the constitutional validity of laws. It also declared India to be a socialist and secular republic, and as securing fraternity assuring the unity “and integrity” of the Nation, by adding these words to the Preamble of the Constitution of India.

    35. By which Amendment were ‘Fundamental Duties’ added to the Constitution ?

    (1) 40th Amendment
    (2) 42nd Amendment
    (3) 44th Amendment
    (4) 45th Amendment
    Answer:
    35. (2) The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, enacted in 1976, laid down the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens to the nation which are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties, set out in Part IV–A of the Constitution, concern individuals and the nation. 

    36. Which Article of the Indian Constitution abolishes “Untouchability” ?

    (1) 14 
    (2) 15
    (3) 16 
    (4) 17
    Answer:
    36. (4) Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. It says that the practice of
    untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law.

    37. A Financial Emergency can be declared by applying

    (1) Article 360 
    (2) Article 361
    (3) Article 370 
    (4) Article 371
    Answer:
    37. (1) If the President is satisfied that there is an economic situation in which the financial stability or credit of India is threatened, he or she can declare financial emergency under Article 360 of the Indian
    Constitution. Such an emergency must be approved by the Parliament within two months. It has never
    been declared. Such a situation had arisen but was avoided by putting the gold assets of India as collateral for foreign credit. In case of a financial emergency, the President can reduce the salaries of all government officials, including judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts. All money bills passed by the State legislatures are submitted to the President for his approval. He can direct the state to observe certain principles (economy measures) relating to financial matters.

    38. Which Amendment of the Indian Constitution inserted the two words – ‘Socialist’ and ‘Secular’ in the Preamble ?

    (1) 28th 
    (2) 40th
    (3) 42nd 
    (4) 52nd
    Answer:
    38. (3) The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, enacted in 1976, declared India to be a socialist and secular republic, and as securing fraternity assuring the unity “and integrity” of the
    Nation, by adding these words to the Preamble of the Constitution of India.

    39. In the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, which languages were added subsequently ?

    (1) English, Sindhi, Marathi, Sanskrit
    (2) Sanskrit, Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri
    (3) Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali
    (4) Marathi, Oriya, Konkani, Nepali
    Answer:
    39. (3) The Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. Via the 92nd Constitutional amendment 2003, 4 new languages – Bodo, Maithili, Dogri, and Santhali – were added to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

    40. Under which Article of the Constitution is the President’s Rule introduced in a State due to the failure of the constitutional machi-nery ?

    (1) 352 
    (2) 356
    (3) 360 
    (4) 350
    Answer:
    40. (2) Under article 356 of the Indian Constitution, State emergency is declared on failure of constitutional machinery in a state. During such an emergency, the President can take over the entire work of the executive, and the Governor administers the state in the name of the President. the Legislative Assembly can be dissolved or may remain in suspended animation. The Parliament makes laws on the 66 subjects of the state list.

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