Indian Polity GK Quiz-48

Indian Polity GK Quiz-48

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    31. Which of the following countries enjoys a federal form of government ?

    (1) China 
    (2) USA
    (3) Cuba 
    (4) Belgium
    Answer:
    31. (2) Based on a broad definition of a basic federal political system, there are two or more levels of
    government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with
    overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution. An example of a federal state is the
    United States; under the United States Constitution, power is shared between the federal government of
    the United States and the U.S. states. Many federal states also have unitary lower levels of government;
    while the United States is federal, the states themselves are unitary under Dillon’s Rule – counties
    and municipalities have only the authority granted to them by the state governments by the state
    constitution or legislative act. 

    32. Rashtrapati Bhawan was designed by

    (1) Edward Stone
    (2) Le Corbusier
    (3) Edwin Lutyens
    (4) Tarun Dutt
    Answer:
    32. (3) The British architect Edwin Landseer Lutyens, a major member of the city-planning process, was given the primary architectural responsibility of the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The palace developed very similarly to the original sketches which Lutyens sent Herbert Baker from Shimla on June 14, 1912.
    Lutyens’ design is grandly classical overall, with colours and details inspired by Indian architecture.

    33. Despotism is possible in a

    (1) One party state
    (2) Two party state
    (3) Multi Party state
    (4) Two and multi party state
    Answer:
    33. (1) Despotism is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power. That entity may be an individual, as in an autocracy, or it may be a group. In its classical form, despotism is a state in which a single individual (the despot) wields all the power and authority embodying the state, and everyone else is a subsidiary person. This form of despotism was common in the first forms of statehood and civilization; the Pharaoh of Egypt is exemplary of the classical despot. Colloquially, despot has been applied pejoratively to a person, particularly a head of state or government, who abuses their power and authority to oppress their people, subjects or subordinates. In this sense, it is similar to the pejorative connotations that have likewise arisen with the term tyrant.

    34. In which State of India, was a non-Congress government formed for the the first time ?

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Tamil Nadu
    (3) Pondicherry 
    (4) Kerala
    Answer:
    34. (4) E.M.S. Namboodiripad was an Indian Communist leader, Socialist-Marxist theorist, revolutionary, author, historian, social commentator and the first Chief Minister of Kerala state. As the first non-Indian National Congress Chief Minister in Republic of India, he became the leader of the first democratically elected Communist government in India (San Marino being first in the world). It was also the first time for a regional party anywhere in India to win state elections.

    35. Who had proposed partyless democracy in India ?

    (1) Jaya Prakash Narayan
    (2) Mahatma Gandhi
    (3) Vinoba Bhave
    (4) S.A. Dange
    Answer:
    35. (1) Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan advocated party less democracy and the concept of Lok-ummidwar. In 1957, Narayan formally broke with the Praja Socialist Party in order to pursue lokniti [Polity of the people], as opposed to rajniti [Polity of the state]. By this time, Narayan had become convinced that lokniti should be non-partisan in order to build a consensusbased, classless, participatory democracy which he termed Sarvodaya.

    36. Who said, “A good citizen makes a good State and a bad citizen makes a bad State” ?

    (1) Plato 
    (2) Rousseau
    (3) Aristotle 
    (4) Laski
    Answer:
    36. (3) The state is a human institution. The population is, therefore, an essential element of the state.
    However, the population can constitute a state only when it is united by the conditions of interdependence, conscious-ness of common interest and general regard for a set of common rules of
    behaviour and institutions. In addition to the size of the population the quality of the population inhabiting the state is also equally important. Aristotle maintained that a good citizen makes a good state and a bad citizen makes a bad state.

    37. Who said that “Oh! Disrespectable democracy ! I love you!” ?

    (1) G.B. Shaw 
    (2) Carpenter
    (3) Lord Bryce 
    (4) Appa Dorai
    Answer:
    37. (1) These were the famous words of George Bernard Shaw who was an Irish playwright and a co-founder of the London School of Economics. Shaw asserted that each social class strove to serve its own ends, and that the upper and middle classes won in the struggle while the working class lost. He condemned the democratic system of his time, saying that workers, ruthlessly exploited by greedy employers, lived in abject poverty and were too ignorant and apathetic to vote intelligently.

    38. Compared with Society, the scope of State activity is

    (1) Wider
    (2) Narrow
    (3) Just equal
    (4) No comparison between the two
    Answer:
    38. (1) In the classical thought the state was identified with political society and civil society as a form of political community, while the modern thought distinguished the nation state as a political society
    from civil society as a form of economic society. Compared to society, the role of state is much wider
    and is increasing with parallel complexities of the modern world. The state today has to carry out several functions which were non-existent a century ago.

    39. What is the colour of the “Dharma Chakra” in the middle of our national flag?

    (1) Sea blue 
    (2) Black
    (3) Navy blue 
    (4) Green
    Answer:
    39. (3) The Ashoka Chakra is a depiction of the Buddhist Dharmachakra, represented with 24 spokes. The most visible use of the Ashoka Chakra today is at the centre of the National flag of the Republic of India (adopted on 22 July, 1947), where it is rendered in a Navy-blue colour on a White background, by replacing the symbol of Charkha (Spinning wheel) of the preindependence versions of the flag.

    40. Which of the following symbols is a symbol reserved by the Election Commission for more than one political party in the election to the Loks Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha?

    (1) Hand 
    (2) Louts
    (3) Wheel 
    (4) Elephant
    Answer:
    40. (4) The Election Commission enjoys great powers when it comes to allotment of symbols. Elephant has been a favorite with it as it can be seen that the BSP, Asom Gana Parishad and Sikkim Sangram Parishad all had the elephant as their symbols sometime back.

    41. Fourth Estate is referred to

    (1) Public Opinion
    (2) Chamber of Commerce
    (3) The Newspaper
    (4) Political Parties
    Answer:
    41. (3) The Fourth Estate (or fourth estate) is a societal or political force or institution whose influence is not consistently or officially recognized. "Fourth Estate" most commonly refers to the news media; especially print journalism or "The Press".

    42. In which State does the Governor nominate women to the Assembly ?

    (1) Jammu & Kashmir
    (2) Sikkim
    (3) Manipur
    (4) Nagaland
    Answer:
    42. (1) Two women may be nominated as members of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly by the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir if he or she is of the opinion that women are not adequately
    represented. 

    43. The first Speaker of the Lok Sabha was

    (1) Rabi Ray
    (2) M. Ananthasayanam Ayangar
    (3) Hukam Singh
    (4) G.V. Mavalankar
    Answer:
    43. (1) The Right to Information Act was passed (enacted) by Parliament on 15 June 2005. It received presidential assent on 22 June 2015 and came fully into force on 12 October 2005. The Act replaced the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002.

    44. When was RTI Act enacted in India ?

    (1) 15th June, 2005
    (2) 15th August, 2005
    (3) 15th March, 2005
    (4) 15th July, 2005
    Answer:
    44. (4) Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar popularly known as Dadasaheb was an independence activist, the
    President of the Central Legislative Assembly, then Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India, and
    later the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

    45. The term “Fourth Estate” is used for

    (1) The Press and Newspaper
    (2) Parliament
    (3) Judiciary
    (4) The Executive
    Answer:
    45. (1) The Fourth Estate (or fourth estate) is a societal or political force or institution whose influence is not consistently or officially recognized. "Fourth Estate" most commonly refers to the news media; especially print journalism or "The Press.”

    46. This political party was first derecognized and later on again recognized as a National Party by the Election Commssion of India

    (1) Communist Party of India
    (2) Communist Party of India — Marxist
    (3) Samajwadi Party
    (4) Republican Party of India
    Answer:
    46. (2) The Election Commission of India again granted recognition to the CPI (M) as a national party in December 2000. Going by the old criteria which required a national party to be recognized in four states as state parties, the Election Commission had de-recognized the CPI (M) as a national party in August 2000.

    47. Communism has given importance to

    (1) Political equality
    (2) Economic equality
    (3) Social equality
    (4) Natural equality
    Answer:
    47. (2) Communism is a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless and stateless social order
    structured upon common ownership of the means of production, as well as a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of this social order. It espouses the goals of common ownership of land and total economic and political equality among citizens.

    48. Who was the first woman Ambassador from India ?

    (1) Sarojini Naidu
    (2) Aruna Asaf Ali
    (3) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
    (4) C.B. Muthamma
    Answer:
    48. (3) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit became India's ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1947 to 1949, the United States and Mexico from 1949 to 1951, Ireland from 1955 to 1961 (during which time she was also the Indian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom), and Spain from 1958 to 1961.

    49. “From each according to his capacity, to each according to his needs” is the principle of

    (1) Democracy 
    (2) Fascism
    (3) Communism 
    (4) Dictatorship
    Answer:
    49. (3) From each according to his ability, to each according to his need (or needs) is a slogan
    popularized by Karl Marx in his 1875 Critique of the Gotha Program. In the Marxist view, such an
    arrangement will be made possible by the abundance of goods and services that a developed communist
    society will produce; the idea is that, with the full development of scientific socialism and unfettered
    productive forces, there will be enough to satisfy everyone's needs.

    50. Who was the first woman Chief Minister of a State?

    (1) Sarojini Naidu
    (2) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
    (3) Sucheta Kripalani
    (4) Jayalalithaa
    Answer:
    50. (3) Sucheta Kriplani was an Indian freedom fighter and politician in Uttar Pradesh, India. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1963. She remained in office till 1967.

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