Indian Polity GK Quiz-55

Indian Polity GK Quiz-55

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    61. Which of the following comes under the jurisdiction of both the High Court and the Supreme Court?

    (1) Disputes between the states inter se
    (2) Protection against the violation of the Constitution
    (3) Protection of Fundamental Rights
    (4) Disputes between Centre and the States
    Answer:
    61. (3) Article 32 of the Indian Constitution confers the Right to Constitutional Remedies for the protection of Fundamental Rights contained in Part III. It states that the Supreme Court and High Court shall have power to issue directions or orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, whichever may be appropriate, for the enforcement of any of the rights conferred by this Part.

    62. To become a Judge of the High Court one must be a practicing advocate of the High Court for at least :

    (1) 20 years 
    (2) 5 years
    (3) 10 years 
    (4) 15 years
    Answer:
    62. (3) According to Article 217 of Indian Constitution, a person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court unless he is a citizen of India and l has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India; or l has for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession; etc.

    63. Who is the first law officer of the country?

    (1) Chief Justice of India
    (2) Attorney General
    (3) Law Minister
    (4) Solicitor General
    Answer:
    63. (2) Article 76 under the constitution of India provides for the office of the Attorney General for India who is the highest law officer in the country. As the chief law officer of the Government of India, the duties of the AG include the following: l To give advice to the Government of India upon such
    legal matters, which are referred to him by the president; l To perform such other duties of a legal character that are assigned to him by the president; l To discharge the functions conferred on him by the
    Constitution or any other law.

    64. Which one of the following is related to Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?

    (1) Speaker of the Parliament seeking opinion from the Supreme Court
    (2) Election Commission seeking opinion from the Supreme Court
    (3) States seeking opinion from the Supereme Court
    (4) President of India seeks opinion on law or facts
    Answer:
    64. (4) The Supreme Court has special advisory jurisdiction in matters which may specifically be referred to it by the President of India under Article 143 of the Constitution. The Supreme Court “advises” the President by answering the query put before it. The advice given by the Supreme Court is not binding on the President, nor is it “law declared by the Supreme Court”, hence not binding on subordinate courts.

    65. Which Institution has the final authority to interpret the Constitution of India?

    (1) Parliament
    (2) Supreme Court of India
    (3) President
    (4) Attorney General of India
    Answer:
    65. (2) The Supreme Court is the highest court in India and has ultimate judicial authority to interpret the Constitution and decide questions of national law (including local bylaws). It is also vested with the power of judicial review to ensure the application of the rule of law. Besides, as provided in the Keshavananda Bharti case (1973), though parliament has the power to alter or amend any part of the constitution, the Supreme Court has the final authority whether amendment violates or infringes upon the basic structure of the constitution.

    66. The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its

    (1) Advisory jurisdiction
    (2) Original jurisdiction
    (3) Appellate jurisdiction
    (4) Jurisprudence
    Answer:
    66. (2) According to Article 13 under Indian Constitution, the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in any dispute: l between the Government of India and one or more States; or l between the Government of India and any State of States on one side and one or more other States on the other; or
    l between two or more States. If and in so far as the dispute involves any question (whether of law or fact) on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends.

    67. What is the meaning of “Public Interest Litigation”?

    (1) Anything of public interest
    (2) A case brought by victim to court, involving public interest
    (3) A case brought by anyone to court involving public interest
    (4) A directive issued by Supreme Court involving public interest
    Answer:
    67. (3) Public Interest Litigation, or PIL, is defined as the use of litigation, or legal action, which seeks to advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals, or which raises issues of broad public concern. It is litigation introduced in a court of law, not by the aggrieved party but by the court itself or by any other private party. It is not necessary, for the exercise of the court’s jurisdiction, that
    the person who is the victim of the violation of his or her right should personally approach the court.

    68. Subordinate courts are supervised by _______

    (1) Supreme Court
    (2) District Court
    (3) High Court
    (4) Parliament
    Answer:
    68. (3) The system of appointment of judges, their qualifications and the working of subordinate courts is under the direct control and supervision of the High Court of the State concerned. The High Courts, being mainly courts of appeal, hear appeals from numerous subordinate courts working at district level.

    69. What does Section 124A of Indian Penal Code deal with?

    (1) Atrocity against women
    (2) Sedition
    (3) Crime for demanding dowry
    (4) Atrocity against SC/ST
    Answer:
    69. (2) Sedition in India is defined by section 124 A of the Indian Penal Code. Section 124A was introduced by the British colonial government in 1870 when it felt the need for a specific section to deal with radical Wahhabi movement of the 19th century. Sedition can be punished with imprisonment for life.

    70. All doubts and disputes in connection with election of the President are inquired into and decided by __________ .

    (1) the Election Commission
    (2) the Supreme Court
    (3) the Parliament
    (4) Prime Minister
    Answer:
    70. (2) According to Article 71 of the Constitution, all doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with the election of a President or Vice-President shall be inquired into and decided by the Supreme Court.If the election is declared void by the Supreme Court, acts done by him in the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of the office, on or before the date of the decision of the Supreme Court shall not be invalidated by reason of that declaration.

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