Indian Polity GK Quiz-8

Indian Polity GK Quiz-8

Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Polity for competitive examinations.

    1. Which among the following writs comes into the category of public litigation petition before High Court or Supreme Court ?

    (1) a challenge to elections of the office-bearers of a political party
    (2) against political interference 
    (3) against the decision of Lower Court
    (4) against a general topic
    Answer:
    1. (4) Although the proceedings in the Supreme Court arise out of the judgments or orders made by the
    Subordinate Courts including the High Courts, but of late the Supreme Court has started entertaining
    matters in which interest of the public at large is involved and the Court can be moved by any individual or group of persons either by filing a Writ Petition at the Filing Counter of the Court or by addressing a letter to the Chief Justice of India highlighting the question of public importance for invoking this jurisdiction. Such concept is popularly known as ‘Public Interest Litigation’ and several matters of public importance have become landmark cases. This concept is unique to the Supreme Court of India only and perhaps no other Court in the world has been exercising this extraordinary jurisdiction.

    2. India is considered as a ‘Republic’ mainly because :

    (1) the head of the State is elected.
    (2) it gained independence on 15th August 1947
    (3) it has its own written constitution
    (4) it is having a Parlia-mentary form of Government.
    Answer:
    2. (1) A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a “public matter” (Latin: respublica), not the private concern or property of the rulers, and where offices of states are subsequently directly or indirectly elected or appointed rather than inherited. In modern times, a common simplified definition of a republic is a government where the head of state is not a monarch. In modern republics such as the United States and India, the executive is legitimized both by a constitution and by popular suffrage. Montesquieu included both democracies, where all the people have a share in rule, and aristocracies or oligarchies, where only some of the people rule, as republican forms of government.

    3. What was the exact constitutional position of the Indian Republic when the Constitution was brought into force with effect from 26th January, 1950?

    (1) A Democratic Republic
    (2) A Sovereign Democratic Republic
    (3) A Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic
    (4) A Sovereign Secular Socialist Democratic Republic
    Answer:
    3. (2) The Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November, 1949, and came into effect on 26 January, 1950. As originally enacted the preamble described the state as a “sovereign
    democratic republic”. In 1976 the Forty-second Amendment changed this to read “sovereign socialist
    secular democratic republic”. 

    4. Which Writ is issued by a High Court or the Supreme Court to compel an authority to perform a function that it was not performing?

    (1) Writ of Certiorari
    (2) Writ of Habeas Corpus
    (3) Writ of Mandamus
    (4) Writ of Quo Warranto
    Answer:
    4. (3) A writ of mandamus or mandamus (which means “we command” in Latin) is the name of one of the prerogative writs in the common law, and is “issued by a superior court to compel a lower court or a
    government officer to perform mandatory or purely ministerial duties correctly. Mandamus is a judicial
    remedy which is in the form of an order from a superior court to any government subordinate court,
    corporation or public authority to do or forbear from doing some specific act which that body is obliged
    under law to do or refrain from doing, as the case may be, and which is in the nature of public duty
    and in certain cases of a statutory duty. It cannot be issued to compel an authority to do something against statutory provision.

    5. Separation of the judiciary from the executive has been provided in one of the following parts of the Indian Constitution :

    (1) The Preamble
    (2) The Fundamental Rights
    (3) The Directive Principles of State Policy
    (4) The Seventh Schedule
    Answer:
    5. (3) Independence of judiciary means a fair and neutral judicial system of a country. Article 50 in the
    Constitution Of India, belonging to the Directive Principles of State Policy, deals with separation of
    judiciary from executive. It says that the State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.

    6. Which of the following categories of citizens of the prescribed age may be registered as a voter?

    (1) Bankrupt
    (2) Convicted for certain crimes or corruption
    (3) Non-resident citizens
    (4) Mentally unsound
    Answer:
    6. (3) The Indian citizenship and nationality law and the Constitution of India provide single citizenship for all of India. The provisions relating to citizenship upon adoption of the constitution are contained in Articles 5 to 11 in Part II of the Constitution of India. There is a form of Indian nationality, the holders of which are known as Overseas Citizens of India. The Constitution of India forbids dual citizenship or dual nationality, except for minors where the second nationality was involuntarily acquired. The Central
    Indian Government, on application, may register any person as an Overseas Citizen of India if that Person is of Indian Origin and is from a country which allows dual citizenship in some form or the other.

    7. Which of these is NOT included as a Fundamental Right in the Indian Constitution ?

    (1) Right to Freedom of Speech
    (2) Right to Equality before the Law
    (3) Right to Constitutional Remedies
    (4) Right to equal wages for equal work
    Answer:
    7. (4) The principle of ‘equal pay for equal work’ has an important place in India. It is read with Article 39(d) and Article 14 of the Constitution of India. During the 1970s and the 1980s, the Supreme Court applied this principle liberally, without demanding clear proof in the pleadings. It is not a fundamental right.

    8. Bills of which of the following categories can be initiated only in Lok Sabha ?

    (1) Ordinary Bill
    (2) Private Members Bill
    (3) Money Bill
    (4) Constitution Amend-ment Bill
    Answer:
    8. (3) A Money Bill can be introduced in Lok Sabha only. If any question arises whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision of Speaker thereon is final. The Speaker is under no obligation to consult any one in coming to a decision or in giving his certificate that a Bill is a Money Bill. The certificate of the Speaker to the effect that a Bill is a Money Bill, is to be endorsed and signed by him when it is transmitted to Rajya Sabha and also when it is presented to the President for his assent.

    9. Which of the following can a court issue for enforcement of Fundamental Rights ?

    (1) A decree 
    (2) An Ordinance
    (3) A writ 
    (4) A notification
    Answer:
    9. (3) Under the Indian legal system, jurisdiction to issue ‘prerogative writs’ is given to the Supreme Court, and to the High Courts of Judicature of all Indian states. Parts of the law relating to writs are set forth in the Constitution of India. The Supreme Court, the highest in the country, may issue writs under Article 32 of the Constitution for enforcement of Fundamental Rights and under Articles 139 for enforcement of rights other than Fundamental Rights, while High Courts, the superior courts of the States, may issue writs under Articles 226. The Constitution broadly provides for five kinds of “prerogative” writs: habeas corpus, certiorari, mandamus, quo warranto and prohibition.

    10. Under the Directive Principles of State Policy, up to what age of the children, they are expected to be provided free and compulsory education?

    (1) 14 years 
    (2) 15 years
    (3) 16 years 
    (4) 18 years
    Answer:
    10. (1) The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), which was passed by the Indian parliament on 4 August 2009, describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between  and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April, 2010.

    11. The term ‘secular’ was added in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution by

    (1) 41st Amendment
    (2) 42nd Amendment
    (3) 43rd Amendment
    (4) 44th Amendment
    Answer:
    11. (2) The Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity among them. The words “socialist” and “secular” were added to the definition in 1976 by the 42nd constitutional
    amendment. The word ‘secular’, though was specifically added in the Preamble in the year 1976,
    yet the original spirit of the Constitution was completely secular in nature. Its insertion into the
    Preamble has ensured that secularism has now become a source from which the constitutional provisions on secularism draw their authority and it has now become the central object which the
    Constitution seeks to establish. It is also one of the basic structures of our Constitution and no
    compromise can be made on this by any government.

    12. Which of the following is not a Fundamental Right ?

    (1) Right to Equality
    (2) Right to Liberty
    (3) Right against Exploitation
    (4) Right to Property
    Answer:
    12. (4) The right to property, also known as the right to protection of property, is a human right and is
    understood to establish an entitlement to private property. Right to property was originally a
    fundamental right, but is now a legal right.

    13. Which of the following writs/ orders of the High Court/ Supreme Court is sought to get an order of an authority quashed ?

    (1) Mandamus 
    (2) Certiorari
    (3) Quo Warranto
    (4) Habeas Corpus
    Answer:
    13. (2) Literally, Certiorari means to be certified. The writ of certiorari can be issued by the Supreme Court or any High Court for quashing the order already passed by an inferior court, tribunal or quasi judicial authority. A writ of certiorari is a form of judicial review whereby a court is asked to consider a legal decision of an administrative tribunal, judicial office or organization (eg. government) and to decide if the decision has been regular and complete, if there has been an error of law, if the tribunal had the power to make the decision complained of or whether the tribunal exceeded its powers in issuing the decision complained of.

    14. Civil equality implies

    (1) equality before law
    (2) equality of opportunity
    (3) equal distribution of wealth
    (4) equal right to participate in the affairs of the state
    Answer:
    14. (2) Equality of opportunity is a political ideal that is opposed to caste hierarchy but not to hierarchy per se. The background assumption is that a society contains a hierarchy of more and less desirable,
    superior and inferior positions. 

    15. Of the following words in the Preamble of the Constitution of India, which was not inserted through the Constitution (Forty Second Amendment) Act, 1976?

    (1) Socialist 
    (2) Secular
    (3) Dignity 
    (4) Integrity
    Answer:
    15. (3) The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, enacted in 1976, attempted to reduce the power of the Indian Supreme Court and High Courts to pronounce upon the constitutional validity of laws. It also declared India to be a socialist and secular republic, and as securing fraternity assuring the unity “and integrity” of the Nation, by adding these words to the Preamble of the Constitution of India.

    16. Indian Parliament can rename or redefine the boundary of a State by

    (1) a simple majority
    (2) absolute majority
    (3) 2/3rd majority of the members voting
    (4) 2/3rd majority of the members voting and an absolute majority of its total membership
    Answer:
    16. (1) Article 3 of the Indian Constitution deals with formation of new States and alteration of areas,
    boundaries or name of any of the existing States. The States of the Indian Union can be re-organised
    or their boundaries altered by 1an executive order of the Union government with the consent of the
    concerned State government by a simple majority in the ordinary process of legislation.

    17. Which is the source of political power in India ?

    (1) The Constitution
    (2) The Parliament
    (3) The Parliament and the State Legislatives
    (4) We, the People
    Answer:
    17. (4) India is a democratic country. People of India elect their representative through direct franchise and representatives elect the government to make or amend rules & regulations and to carry out day to
    day functioning of governance. One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all
    political power. In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-governance.

    18. Which one of the following is a political right ?

    (1) Right to freedom
    (2) Right to contest elections
    (3) Right to equality before law
    (4) Right to life
    Answer:
    18. (2) Civil and political rights are a class of rights based upon birthright into a polity or designation otherwise of human rights. They ensure a citizen’s ability to fully participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination or repression, and protect the freedom of classes of persons and individuals from unwarranted infringement into those rights by governments, private organizations, and other entities. Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process; the right to seek redress or a legal remedy; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble, the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote.

    19. Fundamental Rights in India are guaranteed by it through

    (1) The Right to Equality
    (2) Right Against Exploitation
    (3) Right to Constitutional Remedies
    (4) Educational and Cultural Rights
    Answer:
    19. (3) Right to constitutional remedies empowers the citizens to move a court of law in case of any denial of the fundamental rights. For instance, in case of imprisonment, the citizen can ask the court to see if it is according to the provisions of the law of the country. If the court finds that it is not, the person will have to be freed. This procedure of asking the courts to preserve or safeguard the citizens’
    fundamental rights can be done in various ways. The courts can issue various kinds of writs. These writs are habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari.

    20. Which of the following “writs” of the High Court or the Supreme Court is sought to produce in the court a person, suspected to be missing/in custody ?

    (1) Mandamus
    (2) Quo Warranto
    (3) Habeas Corpus
    (4) Certiorari
    Answer:
    20. (3) Habeas corpus means “you must present the person in court”. It is a writ (legal action) which
    requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensures that a prisoner
    can be released from unlawful detention, in other words, detention lacking sufficient cause or evidence.
    The remedy can be sought by the prisoner or by another person coming to the prisoner’s aid. The legal
    right to apply for a habeas corpus is also called by the same name.

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