International Organisations GK Quiz-1

International Organisations GK Quiz-1

International Organisations Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on International Organisations for competitive examinations.

    1. Where was the first regular session of UN General Assembly held ?

    (1) San Francisco
    (2) New York
    (3) London
    (4) Paris
    Answer:
    1. (3) The first session was convened on 10 January, 1946 in the Westminster Central Hall in London and included representatives of 51 nations. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA/GA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. Its powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions. It has also established a wide number of subsidiary organs.

    2. Which among the following institutions is not related to United Nations ?

    (1) Universal Postal Union (UPU)
    (2) International Finance Commission (IFC)
    (3) World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)
    (4) International Confederation of Free Trade Union (ICFTU)
    Answer:
    2. (4) The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) was an international trade union. It came into being on 7 December, 1949 following a split within the World Federation of Trade Unions
    (WFTU), and was dissolved on 31 October, 2006 when it merged with the World Confederation of Labour (WCL) to form the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC. Prior to being dissolved, the ICFTU had a membership of 157 million members in 225 affiliated organisations in 148 countries and territories.

    3. The main function of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is :

    (1) enforcing of Uruguay Round Agreements
    (2) facilitating multi-lateral trade relations of member countries and reviewing trade policies
    (3) administering trade dispute settlement procedures
    (4) None of the above
    Answer:
    3. (2) The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on January 1, 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments.

    4. The World Bank normally gives:

    (1) short-term loans
    (2) medium-term loans
    (3) long-term loans
    (4) medium and long-term loans
    Answer:
    4. (2) The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank is one of four institutions created at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), a related institution, is another.

    5. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) came into existence with :

    (1) Berlin Conference
    (2) London Conference
    (3) Brettonwoods Conference
    (4) Rome Conference
    Answer:
    5. (3) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that was created on July 22, 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference and came into existence on December 27, 1945 when 29 countries signed the Articles of Agreement. It originally had 45 members. The IMF’s stated goal was to stabilize exchange rates and assist the reconstruction of the world’s international payment system post-World War II. Countries contribute money to a pool through a quota system from which countries with payment imbalances can borrow funds temporarily.

    6. Structural adjustment loans given by the World Bank are meant for :

    (1) increasing employment in agriculture
    (2) increasing export-earning capacity of the borrower country
    (3) reducing inequalities of income distribution
    (4) encouraging capital-intensive industries
    Answer:
    6. (4) Structural adjustments are the policies implemented by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (the Bretton Woods Institutions) in developing countries. These policy changes are conditions for getting new loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank, or for obtaining lower interest rates on existing loans. Conditionalities are implemented to ensure that the money lent will be spent in accordance with the overall goals of the loan. The Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) are created with the goal of reducing the borrowing country’s fiscal imbalances.

    7. India’s share in world trade since 1950.

    (1) has been rising
    (2) has been constant
    (3) has been declining
    (4) has shown a mixed trend
    Answer:
    7. (3) India has witnessed many changes as a result of globalisation and liberalisation especially during the last decade of second millennium. We have less than 1 per cent share of world trade against more than 16% of world population. At the time of independence it was higher at about 2% though it was forced to export more than its imports in order to meet the unilateral transfers. In 1950, the Indian share in the total world trade was 1.78%, which came down to 0.6% in 1995. According to the Economic Survey 2002-03 this percentage share of 0.6% continued in years 1997 and 1998. In 1999 this share has increased to 0.7% which clearly indicates that India has failed to increase its share in the total world
    trade.

    8. The Sccretary - General of the UNO is appointed by the :

    (1) General Assembly
    (2) Security Council
    (3) Trusteeship Council
    (4) World Bank
    Answer:
    8. (1) Secretaries-General serve for five-year terms that can be renewed indefinitely, although none so far has held office for more than two terms. The United Nations Charter provides for the Secretary-General to be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council, where the permanent members have veto power. The General Assembly can theoretically override the Security Council’s recommendation if a majority vote is not achieved, although this has not happened so far. There are no specific criteria for the post, but over the years, it has become accepted that the post shall be held for one or two terms of five years, that the post shall be appointed on the basis of geographical rotation, and that the Secretary-General shall not originate from one of the five permanent Security Council member states.

    9. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade was replaced by:

    (1) North American Free Trade Association
    (2) South Asian Free Trade
    (3) World Trade Orgaisation
    (4) None of these
    Answer:
    9. (3) The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on January 1, 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay Round.

    10. Who is the Chairprerson of the United Nations Human Rights Committee?

    (1) Mrs. Marry Robinson
    (2) Ms. Sadaka Ogata
    (3) Mr. Justice P.N. Bhagawati
    (4) Ms. Gro Harlem Brundtland
    Answer:
    10. (1) Mrs. Mary Robinson became the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on 12 September, 1997, following her nomination to the post by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the endorsement of the General Assembly. She assumed responsibility for the UN human rights proUNO, OTHER programme at the time when the Office of the High Commissioner and the Centre for Human Rights were consolidated into a single Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).Mrs. Robinson came to the United Nations after a distinguished, seven-year tenure as President of Ireland. Mrs. Robinson was the first Head of State to visit Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide there.
    Note : Prince Zeid bin Ra’ad Zeid al-Hussein is the current United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, having taken up this post in September 2014.

    11. Which country is the latest to join the U.N. as a member ?

    (1) Switzerland 
    (2) Hong Kong
    (3) Taiwan 
    (4) East Timor
    Answer:
    11. (4) East Timor (the world’s youngest country, formally joined the world body Friday after centuries of Portuguese rule and years of often brutal Indonesian occupation. An Australian-led international peacekeeping force, INTERFET, was sent (with Indonesian permission) until order was restored. The administration of East Timor was taken over by the UN through the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) in October 1999. The INTERFET deployment ended in February 2000 with the transfer of military command to the UN. East Timorese independence was formalised on May 20, 2002 with Xanana Gusmao sworn in as the country’s first President. East Timor became a member of the UN on September 27, 2002.
    Note : On 14 July 2011 – The General Assembly admitted the Republic of South Sudan as the 193rd
    member of the United Nations. Montenegro became the 192nd UN Member State on 28 June 2006, just
    weeks after it gained its independence from Serbia. 

    12. Which of the following is the latest from India to be recognised by the UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee for its “outstanding universal value” ?

    (1) Siliguri - Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
    (2) Mahabodhi temple complex at Bodhgaya
    (3) Sarnath
    (4) Kushinagar
    Answer:
    12. (2) In June 2002, the Mahabodhi Temple became a UNESCO World Heritage Site, specifically nominated for the international World heritage program. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely in brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period.
    Note : There are 35 (27 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed) World Heritage Sites in India that are recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of July 2016. Three new sites – “Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University)” at Nalanda, Bihar, “Capitol Building Complex – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier” in Chandigarh and “Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim” have been added to the list in July, 2016.

    13. Who were made the permanent members of the U.N. SecurityCouncil ?

    (1) One representative from each continent
    (2) Five major powers of the Allied Forces in the Second World War
    (3) Five members elected by the U.N. General Assembly at the initial Constitution
    (4) Funding members of the U.N.
    Answer:
    13. (2) The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5, include the following five governments: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The members represent the great powers considered the victors of World War II. The five permanent members of the Security Council were the victorious powers in World War II and have maintained the world’s most powerful military forces ever since. They annually top the list of countries with the highest military expenditures; in 2011, they spent over US$1 trillion combined on defense, accounting for over 60% of global military expenditures (the U.S. alone accounting for over 40%). They are also the only countries officially recognized as “nuclear-weapon states” under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) 

    14. According to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child which of the following is not a right?

    (1) Safe drinking water
    (2) Adequate standard of living
    (3) Employment
    (4) Protection from exploita-tion
    Answer:
    14. (1) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The UN General Assembly adopted the Convention and opened it for signature on 20 November, 1989 (the 30th anniversary of its Declaration of the Rights of the Child). It came into force on 2 September, 1990. The Convention deals with the child-specific needs and rights. It requires that states act in the best interests of the child. Among the several rights given by this convention, safe drinking water is not included. As a matter of fact, safe drinking water is a necessity for proper upbringing and health; it cannot be treated a right.

    15. Special Drawing Rights (SDR) facility is available at

    (1) International Monetary Fund (IMF)
    (2) World Bank (IBRD)
    (3) International Develop-ment Association (IDA)
    (4) Organisation of Economic
    Answer:
    15. (1) Special drawing rights (SDRs) are supplementary foreign exchange reserve assets defined and maintained by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).Not a currency, SDRs instead represent a claim to currency held by IMF member countries for which they may be exchanged. As they can only be exchanged for euros, Japanese yen, pounds sterling, or US dollars, SDRs may actually represent a potential claim on IMF member countries’ non-gold foreign exchange reserve assets, which are usually held in those currencies.

    16. The headquarters of UNESCO is in

    (1) New York 
    (2) The Hague
    (3) Paris 
    (4) Moscow
    Answer:
    16. (3) The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). Its purpose is to contribute peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the UN Charter.

    17. Which country decided to join the United Nations, as a Member, on the basis of the results of a referendum held in the country ?

    (1) Belgium 
    (2) Austria
    (3) Finland 
    (4) Switzerland
    Answer:
    17. (4) The federal rule and referendums have been used in Switzerland since 1848.A referendum (also known as a plebiscite or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal, usually a piece of legislation which has been passed into law by the local legislative body and was signed by the pertinent executive official(s).

    18. Where was the CHOGM held in 2002 ?

    (1) Brisbane 
    (2) Durban
    (3) Coolum
    (4) Kuala Lumpur
    Answer:
    18. (3) The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2002 was the seventeenth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations. It was held in Coolum, Australia, between 2 and 5 March 2002, and hosted by Prime Minister John Howard. The meeting was attended by representatives of 51 countries out of the Commonwealth’s 54 members (suspended member Pakistan was not invited, whilst Antigua and Barbuda and Grenada sent representatives).Of those, 35 were represented by their head of state or head of government. Note : The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018, also known as CHOGM 2018 is the next and 25th meeting of the heads of government of the Commonwealth of Nations. It will be held in the United Kingdom.
    24th meeting of the heads of government of the Commonwealth of Nations, It was held in Malta from 27 to 29 November 2015 in Sri Lankan.

    19. The UN Secretary-General holds office for a period of

    (1) 3 years 
    (2) 4 years
    (3) 5 years 
    (4) 6 years
    Answer:
    19. (3) The Secretary-General of the United Nations, abbreviated UNSYG, is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General also acts as the de facto spokesperson and leader of the United Nations. None so far has held office for more than two terms. The United Nations Charter provides for the Secretary-General to be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. As a result, the selection is subject to the veto of any of the five permanent Members of the Security Council. While the appointment and approval process of the Secretary-General is outlined in the UN Charter, specific guidelines have emerged regarding the term limits and selection process.

    20. Which among the following is not a specialised agency of UNO ?

    (1) FAO 
    (2) UNESCO
    (3) Universal Postal Union
    (4) WHO
    Answer:
    20. (*) The United Nations and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

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