International Organisations GK Quiz-2

International Organisations GK Quiz-2

International Organisations Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on International Organisations for competitive examinations.

    21. Which among the following continent does not have any world cultural heritage site recognised by the UNESCO ?

    (1) North America
    (2) Africa
    (3) Australia
    (4) South America
    Answer:
    21. (*) There are 962 World Heritage Sites located in 157 States Party. Of these, 745 are cultural, 188 are natural and 29 are mixed properties. The World Heritage Committee has divided the countries into five geographic zones: Africa, Arab States (composed of most of the Middle East and North Africa), Asia and Oceania, Europe & North America (includes Canada and the United States) and Latin America & Caribbean. Russia and the Caucasus states are classified as European, while Mexico is classified as belonging to the Latin America & Caribbean zone, despite its location in North America.

    22. According to the UN convention on the rights of the child which amidst the follow ing is NOT a right ?

    (1) Social security
    (2) Employment
    (3) Protection from exploitation
    (4) Education
    Answer:
    22. (2) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. It does not enumerate employment as a right. It deals more with exploitation issues and how they could be prevented.

    23. In which year did the UN General-Assembly adopt the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

    (1) 1945 
    (2) 1948
    (3) 1952 
    (4) 1955
    Answer:
    23. (2) The text was drafted in two years – between January 1947, when the Commission on Human Rights first met to prepare an International Bill of Human Rights, and December 1948, when the General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration. During 1998, the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration is being commemorated all over the world as Human Rights Year. The UN Charter obliges all member nations to promote “universal respect for, and observance of, human rights” and to take “joint and separate action” to that end. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, though not legally binding, was adopted by the General Assembly in 1948 as a common standard of achievement for all. The Assembly regularly takes up human rights issues. The UN and its agencies are central in upholding and implementing the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A case in point is support by the UN for countries in transition to democracy.

    24. Which of the following is not associated with the UN organisation ?

    (1) ILO 
    (2) WHO
    (3) FAO 
    (4) ASEAN
    Answer:
    24. (4) The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a geo-political and economic organization of ten countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

    25. Who was the chief weapons inspector of the United Nations in Iraq ?

    (1) Hans Blix
    (2) Mohammed Ei Baradei
    (3) David Kelly
    (4) Davis Kay
    Answer:
    25. (1) Hans Martin Blix (born 28 June, 1928) is a Swedish diplomat and politician for the Liberal People’s Party. He was Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (1978–1979). Blix was also the head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission from March 2000 to June 2003, when he was succeeded by Dimitris Perrikos. In 2002, the commission began searching Iraq for weapons of mass destruction, ultimately finding none. In February 2010, the Government of the United Arab Emirates announced that Blix will be the head of an advisory board for its nuclear power program.

    26. The International Criminal Police Organsiation (INTERPOL) has its headquarters at

    (1) London 
    (2) Paris
    (3) Bonn 
    (4) Montreal
    Answer:
    26. (2) The International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO), widely known as INTERPOL, is an intergovernmental organization facilitating international police cooperation. It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923 and adopted its telegraphic address as its common name in 1956. Its headquarters is located in 200, Quai Charles de Gaulle, Lyon which is a city in east-central France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. 

    27. Once elected for a full term, a judge serves on the International Court of Justice for

    (1) five years 
    (2) six years
    (3) nine years 
    (4) ten years
    Answer:
    27. (3) The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. It is based in the Peace Palace in The Hague, the Netherlands. The ICJ is composed of fifteen judges elected to nine year terms by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council from a list of persons nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. The election process is set out in Articles 4– 19 of the ICJ statute. Elections are staggered with five judges elected every three years, in order to ensure continuity within the court.

    28. Which Indian city has been chosen by the World Bank for setting up its back office operations ?

    (1) New Delhi 
    (2) Kolkata
    (3) Chennai 
    (4) Bangalore
    Answer:
    28. (3) The World Bank, Chennai is the sole back office of the World Bank headquartered in Washington, DC. The Chennai office offers corporate financial, accounting, administrative and IT services for the Bank’s offices in around 150 countries. The Chennai office handles several value-added operations of the bank that were earlier handled only in its Washington, DC office. When the bank commenced its Chennai operations, it was primarily restricted to processing. An analysis component was added later.

    29. The UN flag was adopted by the General Assembly on

    (1) October 20, 1947
    (2) January 1, 1952
    (3) June 24, 1973
    (4) August 15, 1982
    Answer:
    29. (1) The flag of the United Nations was adopted on October 20, 1947, and consists of the official emblem of the United Nations in white on a blue background. The emblem’s design is described as: “A map of the world representing an azimuthal equidistant projection centred on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.”

    30. Which amidst the following is not a specialised agency of the UN ?

    (1) International Maritime Organisation
    (2) World Intellectual Property Organisation
    (3) International Telecommunication Union
    (4) FAO
    Answer:
    30. (*) IMO-headquartered in London, United Kingdom, is a specialized agency of the United Nations with 170 Member States and three Associate Members. WIPO-The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations. WIPO was created in 1967 “to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world. ITUThe International Telecommunication Union, previously the International Telegraph Union, is the specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for information and communication technologies. FAO-The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

    31. Which region of the Americas has the highest concentration of World Heritage Sites on the list of the UNESCO ?

    (1) USA and Canada
    (2) Brazil and Argentina
    (3) Chile
    (4) Central Americas (Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn)
    Answer:
    31. (4) There are 962 World Heritage Sites located in 157 States Party. Of these, 745 are cultural, 188
    are natural and 29 are mixed properties. The World Heritage Committee has divided the countries into
    five geographic zones: Africa, Arab States (composed of most of the Middle East and North Africa), Asia and Oceania, Europe & North America (includes Canada and the United States) and Latin America & Caribbean. (North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean). Greenland has been included here as part of North America despite its cultural and political associations with Europe. Mexico leads the Americas hosting 31 sites, and is ranked the sixth in the world.

    32. Identify the goodwill ambassador for the UNICEF from the following :

    (1) Amitabh Bachchan
    (2) N.R. Narayana Murthy
    (3) Vijay Amritraj
    (4) Michael Schumacher
    Answer:
    32. (1) Amitabh Bachchan, one of the most prominent figures in the history of Indian cinema and a powerful advocate for children, was appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in April 2005.Mr. Bachchan has made the eradication of polio a particular focus of his work with UNICEF. In his personal blog, he seeks to raise awareness about the importance of polio immunization to protect children against this debilitating disease and ensure that their rights to education, health care and protection are respected. Note : In December 2016 Actress Priyanka Chopra, appointed as UNICEF’s newest global Goodwill Ambassador. My wish for children is freedom. The freedom to think, the freedom to live,” Chopra said, addressing top UN diplomats, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassadors and children at the event.

    33. Which from the following sites/ monuments in India is on the UNESCO’s list of World Cultural Heritages ?

    (1) Kashi Viswanath Temple
    (2) Red Fort, Delhi
    (3) Agra Fort
    (4) Golconda Fort
    Answer:
    33. (*) The Red fort was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. Agra Fort is a monument, a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal.

    34. Which from the following countries is not a member of the European Union ?

    (1) Norway 
    (2) Sweden
    (3) Finland 
    (4) Lithuania
    Answer:
    34. (1) Applying in 1969 were Britain, Ireland, Denmark and Norway. Norway, however, declined to accept the invitation to become a member, and then later accepted with the electorate voting against it leaving just the UK, Ireland and Denmark to join. But despite the setbacks, and the withdrawal of Greenland from Denmark’s membership in 1985, three more countries joined the Communities before the end of the Cold War. In 1987, the geographical extent of the project was tested when Morocco applied, and was rejected as it was not considered a European country.1990 saw the Cold War drawing to a close, and East Germany was welcomed into the Community as part of a reunited Germany. Shortly after, the previously neutral countries of Austria, Finland and Sweden acceded to the new European Union, though Switzerland, which applied in 2002, froze its application due to opposition from voters while Norway, which had applied once more, had its voters reject membership again.
    Note : Brexit is a commonly used term for the United Kingdom’s planned withdrawal from the European Union. Following the 2016 referendum vote to leave, the UK government started the withdrawal process on 29 March 2017, putting the UK on course to leave by April 2019.

    35. According to the UN convention on the rights of the child which of the following is not a right ?

    (1) Safe drinking water
    (2) Adequate standard of living
    (3) Education
    (4) Employment
    Answer:
    35. (4) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The Convention deals with the child-specific needs and rights. It requires that states act in the best interests of the child.

    36. Where is the oldest continuously functioning World Bank country office?

    (1) Tokyo 
    (2) Bonn
    (3) Paris 
    (4) New Delhi
    Answer:
    36. (4) India was among the 17 founding fathers who took part in the 1944 Bretton Woods conference
    which conceived the idea of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) – commonly known as the “World Bank”. The Bank’s New Delhi office, established in 1957, is the oldest continuously functioning World Bank country office. India, together with 184 other countries, owns the World Bank which is a cooperative of member nations. All member countries are represented on the Bank’s Board, which holds the ultimate decision making power at the Bank.

    37. Where is headquarters of European Union located ?

    (1) London 
    (2) Paris
    (3) Brussels 
    (4) Bonn
    Answer:
    37. (3) The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states which are located primarily in Europe. Its de facto capital is Brussels, the capital of Belgium. The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states. Important institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and the European Central Bank. The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens.

    38. Who among the following is the Director-General of the World Trade Organisation ?

    (1) Chris Patten
    (2) Supachai Panichtchpakdi
    (3) Robert Joelick
    (4) Dunkel
    Answer:
    38. (2) Supachai Panitchpakdi is the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Prior to this, he was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization from September 1, 2002 to September 1, 2005. He was succeeded by Pascal Lamy. In September 1999 he was elected to become Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO), sharing the post with competitor Mike Moore when a decision could not be reached. Taking the second half of the six year term, he entered office on September 1, 2002.In March 2005 he was appointed to become the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) following his term at the WTO, a post he took up in late 2005. Note : The current Director-General of WTO is Roberto Azevedo of Brazil, since 1 September 2013. Headquarters of WTO: Geneva, Switzerland. 

    39. Where is the headquarters of Botanical Survey of India located ?

    (1) Lucknow 
    (2) Darjeeling
    (3) Kolkata 
    (4) Ootacmund
    Answer:
    39. (3) Dr. E.K. Janaki Ammal was appointed Officer on Special Duty on 14 October, 1952.The reorganisation plan was finally approved by the Government of India on 29 March 1954 , with Calcutta as the headquarter of Botanical Survey of India. Simultaneously, a Central Botanical Laboratory at Lucknow was established in December, 1957 for studying the various aspects of plant biology like – cytology, plant physiology, plant chemistry, seed biology, ecology, etc.- in order to provide multidisciplinary approach to conventional taxonomy.

    40. Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative votes of _________ members.

    (1) Eleven 
    (2) Ten
    (3) Eight 
    (4) Nine
    Answer:
    40. (4) Article 27 of the United Nations Charter states: Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote. Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.

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