International Organisations GK Quiz-4

International Organisations GK Quiz-4

International Organisations Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on International Organisations for competitive examinations.

    61. According to a resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, ‘International Day of Peace’ is observed every year on

    (1) September 1
    (2) September 14
    (3) September 21
    (4) September 30
    Answer:
    61. (3) The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day, is observed annually on 21 September. It is dedicated to peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence, such as might be occasioned by a temporary ceasefire in a combat zone for humanitarian aid access. The day was first celebrated in 1982, and is kept by many nations, political groups, military groups, and peoples. To inaugurate the day, the “Peace Bell” is rung at UN Headquarters (in New York City). The bell is cast from coins donated by children from all continents except Africa, and was a gift from the United Nations Association of Japan.

    62. Where was the last Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit held ?

    (1) Sydney 
    (2) Auckland
    (3) New York 
    (4) Beijing
    Answer:
    62. (*) The last annual meeting was held in Vladivostok on September 2, 2012. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim countries (formally Member Economies) that seeks to promote free trade and economic cooperation throughout the Asia-Pacific region. It was established in 1989 in response to the growing interdependence of AsiaPacific economies and the advent of regional trade blocs in other parts of the world; to fears that highly industrialized Japan (a member of G8) would come to dominate economic activity in the Asia-Pacific region; and to establish new markets for agricultural products and raw materials beyond Europe (where demand had been declining).
    Note : Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the AsiaPacific region. Its Headquarter is Singapore. APEC Peru 2016 was the XXVIII year-long hosting of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings in Peru, at Lima. APEC Vietnam 2017 is the year-long hosting of AsiaPacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings in Vietnam, which will culminate with the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Ðà N?ng.

    63. According to the UN Convention on the rights of children, which of the following is not a right ?

    (1) Safe drinking water
    (2) Adequate standard of living
    (3) Education
    (4) Marriage
    Answer:
    63. (4) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a human rights treaty setting out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. It deals with the childspecific needs and rights. It requires that states act in the best interests of the child.

    64. The Headquarters of the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) is at

    (1) New York 
    (2) Paris
    (3) Geneva 
    (4) Rome
    Answer:
    64. (4) The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. It serves both developed and developing countries. The world headquarters are located in Rome, in the former seat of the Department of Italian East Africa. One of the most notable features of the building was the Axum Obelisk which stood in front of the agency seat, although just outside of the territory allocated to FAO by the Italian Government. It was taken from Ethiopia by Benito Mussolini’s troops in 1937 as a war chest, and returned on 18 April 2005. 

    65. World Bank helps countries with loans for the purpose of

    (1) reconstruction and development
    (2) stimulating private investment
    (3) tackling foreign exchange crisis
    (4) meeting deficits in government budget
    Answer:
    65. (1) The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank’s official goal is the reduction of poverty. According to the World Bank’s Articles of Agreement (as amended effective 16 February 1989), all of its decisions must be guided by a commitment to promote foreign investment, international trade, and facilitate capital investment. The effect of structural adjustment policies on poor countries has been one of the most significant criticisms of the World Bank. The 1979 energy crisis plunged many countries into economic crisis. The World Bank responded with structural adjustment loans which distributed aid to struggling countries while enforcing policy changes in order to reduce inflation and fiscal imbalance.

    66. The United Nations officially came into existence on

    (1) January 1, 1942
    (2) October 3, 1944
    (3) October 24, 1945
    (4) June 26, 1945
    Answer:
    66. (3) The United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. There are 193 member states, including every internationally recognized sovereign state in the world but Vatican City. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs.

    67. Which of the following countries is not a permanent member of the Security Council of the UNO ?

    (1) China 
    (2) France
    (3) Japan 
    (4) United Kingdom
    Answer:
    67. (3) There has been discussion of increasing the number of permanent members. The countries who have made the strongest demands for permanent seats are Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan. Japan and
    Germany, the main defeated powers in WWII, are now the UN’s second- and third-largest funders respectively, while Brazil and India are two of the largest contributors of troops to UN-mandated peacekeeping missions. This proposal has found opposition in a group of countries called Uniting for Consensus. Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan asked a team of advisers to come up with recommendations for reforming the United Nations by the end of 2004. One proposed measure is to increase the number of permanent members by five, which, in most proposals, would include Brazil, Germany, India, Japan (known as the G4 nations), one seat from Africa (most likely between Egypt, Nigeria or South Africa) and/or one seat from the Arab League.

    68. What i s the full form of NATO ?

    (1) North African Treaty Organisation
    (2) North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
    (3) North Asian Treaty Organisation
    (4) North American Treaty Organisation
    Answer:
    68. (2) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO, also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. NATO’s headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, one of the 28 member states across North America and Europe, the newest of which, Albania and Croatia, joined in April 2009. An additional 22 countries participate in NATO’s Partnership for Peace, with 15 other countries involved in institutionalized dialogue programs. The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the world’s defence spending.

    69. Earth Summit (Save Earth) was sponsored by

    (1) UNESCO 
    (2) UNCED
    (3) WHO 
    (4) UNICEF
    Answer:
    69. (2) The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Rio Summit, Rio Conference, Earth Summit was a major United Nations conference held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 June, to 14 June 1992. In 2012, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development was also held in Rio, and is also commonly called Rio+20 or Rio Earth Summit 2012. 255 governments participated, with 144 sending their heads of state or government. Some 2,400 representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) attended, with 17,000 people at the parallel NGO “Global Forum” who had Consultative Status.

    70. WTO basically promotes

    (1) Financial support
    (2) Global peace
    (3) Unilateral trade
    (4) Multilateral trade
    Answer:
    70. (4) The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on January 1, 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948.The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay Round.

    71. The non-permanent members of the Security Council are elected for

    (1) One year 
    (2) Two years
    (3) Three years 
    (4) Six months
    Answer:
    71. (2) The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. Its powers are exercised through United Nations Security Council resolutions. There are 15 members of the Security Council, consisting of five veto-wielding permanent members—China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—based on the great powers that were the victors of World War II, and 10 elected non-permanent members with twoyear terms. This basic structure is set out in Chapter V of the UN Charter. Security Council members must always be present at UN headquarters in New York so that the Security Council can meet at any time. This requirement of the United Nations Charter was adopted to address a weakness of the League since that organization was often unable to respond quickly to a crisis.

    72. The International Court of Justice sits in

    (1) Geneva 
    (2) The Hague
    (3) Vienna 
    (4) Rome
    Answer:
    72. (2) The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. It is based in the Peace Palace in The Hague, the Netherlands. Its main functions are to settle legal disputes submitted to it by states and to provide advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorised international organs, agencies, and the UN General Assembly. Established in 1945 by the UN Charter, the Court began work in 1946 as the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice. The Statute of the International Court of Justice, similar to that of its predecessor, is the main constitutional document constituting and regulating the Court. The Court’s workload covers a wide range of judicial activity. To date, the ICJ has dealt with relatively few cases. However, since the 1980s there has been a clear increase in willingness to use the Court, especially among developing countries.

    73. World Trade Organization (WTO) was started in the year

    (1) 1984 
    (2) 1994
    (3) 1995 
    (4) 1996
    Answer:
    73. (3) The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on January 1, 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay Round (1986–1994).

    74. Which one of the following is not a function of International Monetary Fund ?

    (1) It provides short term credit to its members
    (2) It arranges for conversion of currencies
    (3) It secures stability in the rates of foreign exchange
    (4) It can create new money for stabilising exchange rate
    Answer:
    74. (4) New money is created by the central bank of a country. A central bank may introduce new money into the economy (termed ‘expansionary monetary policy’) by purchasing financial assets or lending money to financial institutions. Also, in a broader sense, it could be said that commercial banks introduce new money by multiplying base money created by the central bank through fractional reserve banking; this expands the amount of broad money (i.e. cash plus demand deposits) in the economy.

    75. When did India join the United Nations?

    (1) 1945 
    (2) 1947
    (3) 1950 
    (4) 1954
    Answer:
    75. (1) India was a founding member of the United Nations, joining in October 1945, two years before acquiring independence from the United Kingdom. In 1953, the chief delegate of India at the time, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was elected the first woman President of the UN General Assembly. India has been elected seven times to the UN Security Council. Only three countries have served longer than that (Japan, Brazil, and Argentina), except for the Permanent Five, and Colombia has served the same amount of time. India is a charter member of the United Nations and participates in all of its specialized agencies. It has contributed troops to United Nations peacekeeping efforts in Korea, Egypt and the Congo in earlier years and in Somalia, Angola and Rwanda in recent years, and more recently Haiti. India has been a member of the UN Security Council for six terms (a total of 12 years), and is a current member for 2011-12.

    76. The Headquarters of Inter-national Atomic Energy Agency is in

    (1) Geneva 
    (2) Paris
    (3) Vienna 
    (4) Washington
    Answer:
    76. (3) The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. The IAEA was established as an autonomous organization on 29 July, 1957.Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, the IAEA reports to both the UN General Assembly and Security Council. The IAEA has its headquarters in Vienna, Austria. The IAEA has two “Regional Safeguards Offices” which are located in Toronto, Canada, and in Tokyo, Japan. The IAEA also has two liaison offices which are located in New York City, United States, and in Geneva, Switzerland. In addition, the IAEA has three laboratories located in Vienna and Seibersdorf, Austria, and in Monaco.

    77. The member states of the U.N.O. have delegated the primary responsibility for maintaining world peace and security to the –

    (1) General Assembly
    (2) Economic and Social Council (EcoSoc)
    (3) Security Council
    (4) International Court of Justice
    Answer:
    77. (3) The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. Its powers are exercised through United Nations Security Council resolutions. The Security Council held its first session on 17 January, 1946 at Church House, Westminster, London. The UN Charter is a multilateral treaty. It is the constitutional document that distributes powers and functions among the various UN organs. It authorizes the Security Council to take action on behalf of the members, and to make decisions and recommendations.

    78. Which country from the following is a permanent member of the U.N. Security-Council?

    (1) Switzerland
    (2) Peoples Republic of China
    (3) Japan
    (4) Ukraine
    Answer:
    78. (2) There are 15 members of the Security Council. This includes five veto-wielding permanent
    members—China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—based on the great
    powers that were the victors of World War II. 

    79. According to the U.N. Convention on the rights of children which of the following is not a right?

    (1) Safe drinking water
    (2) Adequate standard of living
    (3) Education
    (4) Marriage
    Answer:
    79. (4) The Convention deals with the child-specific needs and rights. However, marriage is a social institution. It has not been listed as one of the rights or needs of children in the convention.

    80. The Headquarters of the International Monetary Fund is located at

    (1) Paris
    (2) Vienna
    (3) Washingtan D.C.
    (4) Geneva
    Answer:
    80. (3) The International Monetary Fund is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States. It is an
    international organization that was created on July 22, 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference and came
    into existence on December 27, 1945 when 29 countries signed the Articles of Agreement.

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