World Geography GK Quiz-6

World Geography GK Quiz-6

World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on World Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which is the largest metals trading centre ?

    (1) Johannesburg 
    (2) London
    (3) New York 
    (4) Singapore
    Answer: (3) New York 
    The merger between Commodity Exchange Inc. and the New York Mercantile exchange has created the world’s largest physical futures trading exchange, called COMEX. Since the merger in 1994, the COMEX division has incorporated the trading of aluminum future contracts. New York Mercantile Exchange (COMEX) and Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) is the world’s largest gold futures trading center.

    Question: In which of the following countries long staple type of cotton is mainly grown ?

    (1) India 
    (2) Egypt
    (3) Greece 
    (4) China
    Answer: (2) Egypt
    Long-staple cotton is any cotton with fibers from 1 1/8" to 2 1/2" long. Outstanding types of this cotton are Pima, Egyptian, and Sea Island cotton. Egyptian cotton is a type of long-staple cotton, which is largely grown in the Nile River Valley. Sea Island cotton is a long-staple cotton grown in the Sea Islands, which are off the southern coast of Georgia, the Carolinas, and the Caribbean. Pima cotton is a long-staple cotton grown in the southwest region of the United States.

    Question: The part of Equatorial region which has well developed rubber plantations is

    (1) Amazon basin 
    (2) Indonesia
    (3) Malaysia 
    (4) Zaire basin
    Answer: (3) Malaysia 
    Malaysia is the leading producer of natural rubber in the world. About 46% of the total world’s rubber is produced in Malaysia. The rubber plantation was started in Malaysia in 1877. Rubber can grow anywhere in Malaysia, because of the suitability of climate and soil; but most of the rubber estates are concentrated in the western coastal plains of Malaysia. The plantation in coastal zone gets the advantage of nearest port for its export. Yet very low areas are avoided in order not to suffer from stagnation of water. The greatest production is in its Jahore State of Southern Malaysia. Here, rubber cultivation occupies about 4-2 million acres or about 65% of the total cultivated area in the country.

    Question: Which from the following is the busiest Oceanic trade route ?

    (1) Cape route
    (2) Malacca straits
    (3) Panama canal
    (4) Suez canal
    Answer: (4) Suez canal
    The Suez Canal allows transportation by water between Europe and Asia without navigation around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said and the southern terminus is Port Tawfiq at the city of Suez. Ismailia lies on its west bank, 3 km north of the halfway point. Under international treaty, it may be used “in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag. By 1955 approximately two-thirds of Europe’s oil passed through the canal. About 7.5% of world sea trade is carried via the canal today. In 2008, a total of 21,415 vessels passed through the canal and the receipts from the canal totaled $5.381 billion, with the average cost per-ship at roughly $251,000.

    Question: Which is the shortest route from Moscow to San Francisco ?

    (1) via Canada 
    (2) overland
    (3) Over the South Pole
    (4) Over the North Pole
    Answer: (4) Over the North Pole
    Moscow - San Francisco flight goes via the North Pole. The shortest air route from San Francisco to Moscow goes almost over the North Pole, not over Chicago.

    Question: Out of the following, which country is dependent on others for the raw material for its Iron-Steel industry ?

    (1) England 
    (2) Australia
    (3) Japan 
    (4) Turkey
    Answer: (3) Japan 
    Iron and steel had been a leading industry in Japan and had been considered critical to economic growth by the Japanese government. Japanese manufacturing industry is heavily dependent on imported raw materials and fuels. In 2005, the British Geological Survey stated China was the top steel producer with about one-third of the world share; Japan, Russia, and the US followed respectively. However, Japan has to import iron ore from other countries such as India.

    Question: Which one of the following countries is the largest producer of uranium in the world ?

    (1) Canada 
    (2) South Africa
    (3) Namibia 
    (4) U.S.A.
    Answer: (1) Canada 
    Uranium mining is the process of extraction of uranium ore from the ground. The worldwide
    production of uranium in 2009 amounted to 50,572 tonnes. Kazakhstan, Canada, and Australia are the
    top three producers and together account for 63% of world uranium production. Other important uranium producing countries in excess of 1000 tonnes per year are Namibia, Russia, Niger, Uzbekistan, and the United States. Canada was the world’s largest uranium producer for many years, accounting for about 22% of world output, but in 2009 was overtaken by Kazakhstan. Production comes mainly from the McArthur River mine in northern Saskatchewan province, which is the largest in the world.

    Question: The largest producer of gold in the world is

    (1) Australia 
    (2) Canada
    (3) Russia 
    (4) South Africa
    Answer: (1) Australia 
    The precious metal of gold is found on all continents except Antarctica, but to date, only about 170,000 tons of gold have been mined. The 2011 list of countries by gold production in kilograms is: 1. China (355,000); 2. Australia (270,000); 3. United States of America (237,000); 4. Russia (200,000); and 5. South Africa (190,000). Since the 1880s, South Africa has been the source for a large proportion of the world’s gold supply, with about 50% of all gold ever produced having come from South Africa. In 2007 China (with 276 tonnes) overtook South Africa as the world’s largest gold producer, the first time since 1905 that South Africa had not been the largest.

    Question: The busiest and the most important sea route of the world is

    (1) North Pacific Sea Route
    (2) North Atlantic Sea Route
    (3) South Atlantic Sea Route
    (4) Indian Ocean Route
    Answer: (2) North Atlantic Sea Route
    The North Atlantic sea route is one of the busiest sea routes in the world, as it connects the world’s two most developed regions of the world, the eastern part of Canada and USA to Western Europe in the West. The four features of the North Atlantic sea route are: 
    (1) Both the coasts have good port and harbour facilities; 
    (2) Foreign trade over this sea route is greater than that of the rest of the world; 
    (3) About one-fourth of the world’s foreign trade moves on this route; and 
    (4) Due to its business, it is called as the “Big Trunk” route. It also serves more countries and people than any other route.

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