World Geography GK Quiz-7

World Geography GK Quiz-7

World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on World Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which of the following sets of countries are referred to as ‘The Golden Crescent’ the largest opium industry in the world?

    (1) Myanmar, Laos and Thailand
    (2) Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq
    (3) Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran
    (4) Myanmar, Malaysia and Thailand
    Answer: (3) Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran
    The Golden Crescent is the name given to one of Asia’s two principal areas of illicit opium production, (with the other being the Golden Triangle), located at the crossroads of Central, South, and Western Asia. This space overlaps three nations, Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan, whose mountainous peripheries define the crescent, though only Afghanistan and Pakistan produce opium, with Iran being a consumer and transshipment route for the smuggled opiates. n addition to opiates, Afghanistan is also the world’s largest producer of hashish.

    Question: The largest producer of world’s mica is

    (1) U.S.A. 
    (2) U.K.
    (3) Canada 
    (4) India
    Answer:
    (*) Scrap and flake mica is produced all over the world. In 2010, the major producers were Russia (100,000 tonnes), Finland (68,000 t), United States (53,000 t), South Korea (50,000 t), France (20,000 t) and Canada (15,000 t). The total production was 350,000 t, although no reliable data were available for China. Most sheet mica was produced in India (3,500 t) and Russia (1,500 t). India happens to be the largest producer of mica blocks in the world. India produces about 90 per cent of the world’s mica. India accounts for 60 per cent of mica embarking in international trade.

    Question: Which of the following countries has highest percentage of land under cultivation?

    (1) China 
    (2) U.S.A.
    (3) Canada 
    (4) India
    Answer: (4) India
    From agricultural point of view, India is a unique country. It has vast expanse of level land, rich soils, wild climatic variations suited for various types of crops, ample sunshine and a long growing season. The net sown area in India today is about 143 million hectares. India has the highest percentage of land under cultivation in the world. In spite of the fact that large areas in India, after independence, have been brought under irrigation, only one-third of the cropped area is actually irrigated. The productivity of agriculture is very low. Farming depends mainly upon monsoon rain. Most of the production comprises food crops. About one-third of the land holdings are small, less than one hectare in size. Farmers own their own small prices of land and grow crops primarily for consumption.

    Question: Which of the following is NOT correctly matched ?

    (1) Russia – Bauxite
    (2) Mexico – Silver
    (3) Bolivia – Tin
    (4) U.S.A. – Copper
    Answer: (1) Russia – Bauxite
     In 2010, Australia was the top producer of bauxite with almost one-third of the world’s production, followed by China, Brazil, India, and Guinea. Although aluminium demand is rapidly increasing, known reserves of its bauxite ore are sufficient to meet the worldwide demands for aluminium for many centuries. Russia was the 15th largest bauxite producer in this list.

    Question: The leading producer of aluminium in the world is

    (1) Guinea 
    (2) Jamaica
    (3) U.S.A. 
    (4) Venezuela
    Answer: (3) U.S.A. 
    The third-most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, aluminum makes over eight percent of the
    earth’s crust. It never occurs naturally in its pure state and is usually found in the form of oxide known as bauxite. It is found combined in over 270 different minerals. China is the largest producer of aluminum in the world. In 2010, China produced over 16800 thousand metric tonnes of aluminum. The second place is occupied by Russia followed by Canada, Australia, United States, Brazil, India, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Norway, South Africa, Iceland, Mozambique, Venezuela, and Argentina.

    Question: Leading producer of rice is

    (1) India 
    (2) Pakistan
    (3) China 
    (4) Burma
    Answer: (3) China 
    As per the figures of Food and Agriculture Organization, three largest producers of rice in 2009
    were China (197 million tonnes), India (131 Mt), and Indonesia (64 Mt). China has been the leading global producer of rice since long. According to a new forecast by FAO's Rice Market Monitor on 6 August, 2012 some countries are expected to register production gains, including China (Mainland), Indonesia and Thailand, along with several other countries in Asia in 2012.

    Question: The greatest producer of Apples in the world is

    (1) U.S.A. 
    (2) Russia
    (3) India 
    (4) China
    Answer: (4) China
    About 69 million tonnes of apples were grown worldwide in 2010, and China produced almost half of this total. The United States is the second-leading producer, with more than 6% of world production. The largest exporters of apples in 2009 were China, the U.S., Poland, Italy, Chile, and France while the biggest importers in the same year were Russia, Germany, the UK and the Netherlands.

    Question: Major producer of sugar is

    (1) Australia 
    (2) Cuba
    (3) India 
    (4) Mauritius
    Answer: (3) India 
    Sugarcane is the world's largest crop. In 2010, FAO estimated it was cultivated on about 23.8 million hectares, in more than 90 countries, with a worldwide harvest of 1.69 billion tonnes. Brazil was the largest producer of sugar cane in the world. The next five major producers, in decreasing amounts of production, were India, China, Thailand, Pakistan and Mexico.

    Question: The largest producer of coffee in the world is

    (1) Brazil 
    (2) Sri Lanka
    (3) India 
    (4) Myanmar
    Answer: (1) Brazil 
    In 2009 Brazil was the world leader in production of coffee, followed by Vietnam, Indonesia and
    Colombia. Arabica coffee beans are cultivated in Latin America, eastern Africa, Arabia, or Asia. Robusta coffee beans are grown in western and central Africa, throughout Southeast Asia, and to some extent in Brazil.

    Question: Which of the following countries has highest percentage of land under cultivation?

    (1) U.S.A. 
    (2) India
    (3) China 
    (4) Canada
    Answer: (2) India
    The Agricultural land (% of land area) in India was 60.53 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. India comes behind Bangladesh in this respect which has more than 70 per cent of its land area under cultivation.

    Question: Which one of the following characteristics is associated with the ‘Bread Basket’ area of USA?

    (1) Moderate rainfall in winter
    (2) Heavy rainfall throughout the year
    (3) Low rainfall in summer
    (4) Long winter with snow
    Answer: (1) Moderate rainfall in winter
    The Great Plains region of the US is called "the Breadbasket of the US" because of its huge production of grain, particularly wheat, which is used in making bread. This region is called the Corn Belt, or (occasionally) the "Grain Belt", the most intensively agricultural region of the Midwest. These are the areas of moderate rainfall as rainfall decreases from east to west, resulting in different types of prairies.

    Question: Sun belt of U.S.A. is important for which one of the following industries?

    (1) Cotton textile
    (2) Petro- chemical
    (3) Hi-tech electronics
    (4) Food processing
    Answer: (2) Petro- chemical
    The Sun Belt is a region of the United States which became synonymous with the southern third of the nation in the early 1970s when there was a shift in this period from the previously economically and politically important northeast to the south and west. Industries such as aerospace, defence, and oil boomed in the Sun Belt as companies took advantage of the low involvement of labour unions in the south (due to more recent industrialization; 1930s through 1950s) and enjoyed the proximity to many U.S. military installations who were the major consumers of their products. The oil industry helped propel southern states such as Texas and Louisiana forward.

    Question: The best variety of world’s cotton is known as

    (1) Sea Island
    (2) Upland American
    (3) Egyptian
    (4) Short staple Indian
    Answer: (3) Egyptian
    The best cotton for comfort, durability, and silky softness is the cotton with the longest, strongest fibers. Pima, Sea-Island, and Egyptian cotton are all referred to as extra-long staple cotton (ELS cotton). They all lead to better cotton comfort than other cotton varieties, yet Egyptian cotton wins the contest for having the longest, strongest fibers. This cotton is used in making thread, raincoats, underwear, and hosiery.

    Question: Detroit, USA, is famous for which of the following industries ?

    (1) Iron and Steel
    (2) Automobile
    (3) Petro-chemical
    (4) Cotton textile
    Answer: (2) Automobile
    Known as the world's traditional automotive center, "Detroit" is a metonym for the American automobile industry and an important source of popular music legacies. Detroit and the surrounding region constitute a major center of commerce and global trade, most notably as home to America's 'Big Three' automobile companies, General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler.

    Question: The busiest oceanic trade route of the world is in

    (1) Atlantic Ocean
    (2) Arctic Ocean
    (3) Indian Ocean
    (4) Pacific Ocean
    Answer: (1) Atlantic Ocean
    The Atlantic Ocean is the busiest ocean of them all. It connects the Americas, Africa and Europe. It is the trade route between the continents and is always full of cargo ships being carried around continent to continent. It spreads over 32 million square miles.

    Question: Extensive areas of grape cultivation in France are especially called

    (1) Wine cellars 
    (2) Grape fields
    (3) Grape farms 
    (4) Vineyards
    Answer: (4) Vineyards
    A vineyard is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice. A vineyard is often characterised by its terroir, a French term loosely translating as "a sense of place" that refers to the specific geographical and geological characteristics of grapevine plantations, which may be imparted in the wine.

    Question: Trans-Siberian Railway terminals are

    (1) Moscow and Vladivostok
    (2) St. Petersburg and Vladivostok
    (3) Moscow and Krasnoyarsk
    (4) St. Petersburg and Krasnoyarsk
    Answer: (1) Moscow and Vladivostok
    Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan. En route it passes through the cities of Perm, Yekaterinburg, Omsk, Novosibirsk,
    Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Chita and Khabarovsk to Vladivostok via southern Siberia.

    Question: Largest Mica deposits are in

    (1) South Africa 
    (2) India
    (3) USA 
    (4) Australia
    Answer: (2) India
    India happens to be the largest producer of mica blocks in the world. India produces about 90 per cent of the world's mica. India accounts for 60 per cent of mica embarking in international trade.

    Question: Which nation is Mongia Port situated in ?

    (1) Sri Lanka 
    (2) Bangladesh
    (3) Bhutan 
    (4) India
    Answer: (2) Bangladesh
    Mongla is the main sea port in the Bagerhat District of south-western Bangladesh. The port is situated at the confluence of the Pashur River and the Mongla River. It lies about 100 km north of the Bay of Bengal and is very near to Sundarbans.

    Question: Which country is the largest producer of Timber?

    (1) United States 
    (2) Brazil
    (3) Nigeria 
    (4) Sweden
    Answer: (1) United States 
    United States of America, India, China, Brazil and Canada were the first five major producers of the timber in 2006. As per the International Tropical Timber Organization, Annual Review and Assessment of the World Timber Situation 2010, USA, Canada and Brazil were the first three producers of sawnwood in the world.

    Question: The most populous and oil-rich country in Africa is

    (1) Kenya 
    (2) Sudan
    (3) Nigeria 
    (4) Uganda
    Answer: (3) Nigeria 
    Nigeria is the most populous and oil rich country in Africa.

    Question: The world’s largest producer of desalinated sea water is

    (1) Kuwait 
    (2) Iran
    (3) Saudi Arabia 
    (4) Iraq
    Answer: (3) Saudi Arabia 
    Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest producer of desalinated sea water.

    Question: To reach from Kanyakumari to Colombo, one has to cross

    (1) Palk Strait
    (2) Palk Bay
    (3) Gulf of Mannar
    (4) Cook Strait
    Answer: (3) Gulf of Mannar
    One has to cross Gulf of Mannar to reach from Kanyakumari to Colombo.

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